Drug Abuse Addiction Treatment
- Table of ContentsPrint
- The Difference Between Drug Abuse and Addiction
- Exploring Treatment Options
- Effective Drug Addiction Treatment
- Drug Abuse and Addiction Treatment
Drug abuse and addiction are problems that can have devastating consequences. Not only can they destroy the affected individual's life, they have a pervasive effect on all those who know or work with the individual. The best hope for recovery is immediate addiction treatment.
For assistance, call our toll-free helpline at 1-888-744-0069. Our treatment support representatives are standing by 24 hours a day, seven days a week to provide you with the confidential treatment information you need.
The Difference Between Drug Abuse and Addiction
It is a common misunderstanding that drug abuse and addiction are the same thing but when you know the drug abuse facts, you will easily see a distinct difference between the two. In a nutshell, drug abuse involves the intentional abuse of a substance; addiction refers to the chemical drug dependence of a substance (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Not everyone that uses drugs becomes addicted to them. There are various levels or stages of drug abuse problems and addiction.
Whether or not someone becomes addicted to a drug is dependent on many factors. One thing to note is that drug abuse statistics show that those suffering from drug abuse tend to become addicted (Sloboda, 2002). Immediate drug abuse and addiction treatment from a quality treatment center is a great option for a long-lasting recovery.
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Exploring Treatment Options
It's not a one size fits all situation. As with many illnesses, the type of treatment prescribed for a drug addiction varies greatly depending on a number of factors:
- Nature of the addiction (prescription drugs, illegal drugs, specific type of drugs).
- The duration of addiction (how long has this been a decisively negative force in one’s life, and has treatment been attempted before?).
- The severity of addiction.
- The potential need for medical detox.
- The existence of other co-existing conditions (other types of drug abuse, alcohol abuse, behavioral addictions; additionally, other diagnosed psychiatric and medical issues).
- Other factors such as the character and determination of the individual about to enter treatment.
Stated at the most simple level, a long-standing, serious case of drug addiction will generally require longer, more intensive rehabilitation. Trained addiction treatment professionals can help recommend the best option (or combination of treatment approaches) for your particular needs, or help you choose between various options.
Effective Drug Addiction Treatment
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a Federal agency dedicated to furthering scientific research on drug abuse and addiction.
NIDA has a published guide, titled Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-based Guide, which outlines thirteen principles of effective drug addiction treatment (NIDA 2012; Mee-Lee et al., 2013). To summarize, the principles are as follows:
- No single treatment is right for everyone. A personalized, targeted treatment approach is crucial.
- Readily available treatment is needed to successfully address the urgent, widespread issue of addiction.
- Effective addiction treatment addresses a wide range of legal, psychosocial, medical and work related issues – all this in addition to attending to the underlying drug use.
- Patient needs evolve and change over the course of treatment. Effective treatment recognizes and adapts to address these changes.
- The most effective treatment length is determined on an individual basis. For many, 3 months, or 90-days elicits significant improvement. An effective treatment program incorporates strategies to minimize premature treatment dropout.
- Problem solving, skills to resist drug use, new activities to take place of prior drug-related ones, and interpersonal relationship building should all be reinforced through counseling and behavioral therapy sessions throughout treatment.
- For some individuals, medications (e.g. methadone, LAAM, naltrexone for opiate addiction) can be an important adjunct to the aforementioned counseling and behavioral therapy sessions.
- Effective programs will provide patients with evaluation and treatment not only for the underlying addiction, but for a coexisting (concurrent or dual-diagnosis) mental disorder.
- A medical detox program should be an initial step of addiction treatment to manage the potentially uncomfortable and, at times, dangerous period of withdrawal for those that require it.
- Treatment success isn’t dependent on voluntary admission – workplace, family and/or legal mandates for addiction treatment, in some cases, improve adherence and outcome of a treatment program.
- Programs should be vigilant to any possible drug use during treatment, via careful patient monitoring. Treatment approaches should be adjusted should drug use be detected.
- Programs should provide assessments for infectious diseases (HIV, hepatitis, tuberculosis, etc.) Counseling to avoid situations that pose a high-risk of infection, or to manage an already contracted illness should be provided.
- Recovery from drug addiction is a long-term process. Relapses do occur. Treatment programs should encourage participation in self-help support programs both during and after the period of treatment, as these are frequently helpful for prolonged success.
The guide contains detailed information about each of these 13 principles, and is available to download from the NIDA website.
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Drug Abuse and Addiction Treatment
Recovery from drug abuse and addiction is possible if you get the help you need. Our treatment directory provides information about centers that offer both drug abuse and addiction treatment in an environment designed around individual recovery.
Many inpatient treatment programs are created to best assist the personal issues involved in each patient's addiction problems. Depending on the exact program, residential or inpatient drug abuse and addiction treatment can include the following:
- 24-hour care (Weiss, et al., 2008; Mee-Lee et al., 2013).
- Medically-supervised detox (Polydorou and Kleber, 2008).
- Individual and group therapy (Rounsaville et al., 2009; Brook, 2008).
- Family therapy (Liepman et al., 2009).
- Prevention programs (Clayton, et al., 2008).
If you need to find drug abuse and addiction treatment call DrugAbuse.com toll-free helpline at 1-888-744-0069 for confidential help. We are available to assist you 24 hours a day seven days a week and can provide you with proven addiction treatment recommendations designed to get you on the road to a lasting recovery.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.) [DSM-4 TR]. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
- Brook, D.W. (2008). Group Therapy. In Galanter, M., and Kleber, H.D., Editors. The American Psychiatric Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment. Fourth Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. pp. 413-428.
- Clayton, R.R., et al. (2008). Prevention of Substance Abuse. In Galanter and Kleber. Previously cited. pp. 681-688.
- Liepman, M.R., et al. (2009). Family Involvement in Addiction, Treatment and Recovery. In Ries, R.K. et al., Editors. Principles of Addiction Medicine Fourth Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. pp. 857-868.
- Mee-Lee, D., et al. Editors.(2013). The ASAM Criteria: Treatment Criteria for Addictive, Substance-Related, and Co-Occurring Conditions. Third Edition. Chevy Chase, MD: The Change Companies.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse (2012) [NIDA]. Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment. Third Edition. Updated December 2012. Available on drugabuse.gov.
- Polydorou, S. and Kleber, J.D., (2008). Detoxification of Opioids. In Galanter and Kleber. Previously cited. pp. 265-288.
- Rounsaville, B.J. et al. (2009). Individual Psychotherapy. In Ries et al. Previously cited. pp. 769-788.
- Sloboda, Z. (2002). Drug abuse epidemiology: an overview. Offprint of Bulletin on Narcotics 54(1 and 2). Available on unodc.org.
- Weiss, R.D., et al. (2008). Inpatient Treatment. In Galanter and Kleber. Previously cited. pp. 445-458.