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Mental Health and Drug Abuse

Mental illness is common among drug addicts. The relationship between mental health and drug abuse is so strong that many people believe the drugs cause the illness. In most cases, this is not true. People who have mental illness usually seek out the drugs to self-medicate. These people do not realize that their attempts only lead to a larger problem-addiction. Fortunately, proper treatment and diagnosis can help the addict recover from what the medical establishment calls a dual diagnosis.

Mental Health and Drug Abuse Quiz question 1

The Illness and Drug Relationship

According to the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), 50 percent of the people who have a severe mental condition also have a substance abuse problem. The JAMA also found that 37 percent of alcoholics have a mental illness, as do 53 percent of drug addicts. These high rates make the relationship between mental health and drug abuse a strong one. Many studies have been performed to discover the reason for such a relationship. Although many studies are ongoing, mental health professionals have determined a few things about addiction and mental health:

  • Undiagnosed mental illness can lead to substance abuse as the person tries to treat the symptoms of the mental condition. Depression, anxiety, paranoia and restlessness are some of the common symptoms that mentally ill addicts are trying to self-medicate.
  • Diagnosed mental illness patients often take medication that has unpleasant side effects. These patients abuse drugs to alleviate those effects. For example, schizophrenia patients take medication for hallucinations that causes depression. The patients usually smoke marijuana to deal with the depression.
  • A few drugs can cause mental illness after years of chronic abuse. Drugs such as ecstasy alter chemicals in the brain that control mood and other behaviors. These alterations can lead to depression or anxiety problems that the addict treats with other drugs.
  • People who are at risk for mental illness increase that risk when they chronically abuse drugs. Mental health risk factors include genetics, the environment, major life experiences and other things. People who already have high risk factors can be “pushed” into the mental illness by chronic substance abuse.
  • Heavy drug abuse in the adolescent years can lead to mental illness later. Heavy drug abuse can alter the cognitive and social development of teens, two things are formulated during adolescence. When these factors are altered, depression and anxiety disorders can result.
Mental Health and Drug Abuse Quiz question 2

There are other theories on the drug and mental health relationship. The important thing is that the work on the effects of mental health on substance abuse (and vice versa) has led to many advances in the treatment of the patient after a dual diagnosis is made. We can help you find the best private dual-diagnosis rehab center. Call us at (800) 943-0566 for more information.

Mental Health and Drug Abuse Quiz question 3

The Problem of Chronic Abuse

Experimentation with drugs can be harmful to a mental health patient. However, it is the chronic abuse that has the largest effect on the mental health and drug abuse relationship. Chronic abuse is the long-term, heavy use of a drug. These are not casual users. Chronic abusers are physically and psychologically addicted to the drugs. These people believe that the drug is needed in order to control their mental health problems. According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, a chronic substance abuser has lost control over his drug habit and is economically, socially and psychologically impacted by the effects of the drug. If you know someone who is a chronic drug abuser, call us at (800) 943-0566. We can give you the information and resources you need to find the best inpatient dual-diagnosis rehab center to help you.

A Co-occurring Condition

Chronic addicts who also have a mental illness are said to have a co-occurring condition. Co-occurring conditions are often very difficult to diagnose. The two conditions are entangled within one another, making it difficult to decipher which condition is causing each symptom. There are some essential facts that you should know about co-occurring conditions that may help you toward a dual diagnosis.

  • People with mental conditions commonly use marijuana, cocaine or alcohol to self-medicate. Alcohol is the most common choice.
  • Certain mental conditions are most likely to use abuse substances. Antisocial personality disorders have a 15.5 percent abuse rate. Bipolar disorder is next at 14.5 percent. Manic depression has a 4.1 percent abuse rate, while anxiety disorders have a 4.3 percent abuse rate. Other conditions have rates that are less than a percent.
  • People with mental disorders are more sensitive to the substances they abuse. They are affected more than other addicted.

It takes a professional treatment facility to properly diagnose these substance abuse disorders. However, you can look for clues to help steer professionals toward the best diagnosis for your condition.

Mental Health and Drug Abuse Quiz question 4

Dual-Diagnosis Treatment

Treatment facilities today are well-trained in helping patients who have a dual diagnosis. Their first priority is stabilizing the patient in detox. Detox done in a hospital or at the rehab starts the process of removing the drugs from the body and preventing withdrawal symptoms that can be severe depending on the drugs taken. Once the patient is stable enough for treatment, he is moved to the rehabilitation unit. All patients have to give a mental and physical health history upon intake into the facility. Any mental conditions disclosed at this point are given just as much priority as the addiction. The mental illness and addiction both need treatment in order for the patient to have a successful recovery.

Mental Health and Drug Abuse Quiz question 5

During rehab, all addicts are given psychological treatment to help with the psychological symptoms that comes with addiction. Oftentimes, addiction specialists and counselors can spot the signs of mental illness or the need for a dual diagnosis. The addict begins seeing a psychiatrist at this time to help with the mental condition. His addiction treatment is also altered a bit to accommodate the new dual diagnosis. Facilities that do not have dual-diagnosis specialties may send the addict to a mental health facility to continue the recovery process. The best inpatient treatment, however, is the dual-diagnosis treatment in a singular facility.

Mental Health and Drug Abuse Quiz question 6

Finding a Program

If you suspect that you or a loved one has a need for dual-diagnosis treatment, call us at (800) 943-0566. Our advisers are ready 24 hours a day with the resources and support that you need to treat your co-occurring condition. Don’t let your chance at recovery slip away due to a mental health condition that may have. Let us help and your loved ones get the care needed to get on the road to recovery.

Need Help Understanding Your Addiction Treatment Options? Call 1-800-943-0566.

Close Mental Health and Drug Abuse
  • What is self medicating?
  • What drug is the most common drug used to self-medicate a mental illness?
  • What are the mental health symptoms that people commonly self-medicate?
  • What type of abuse most commonly leads to a co-occurring condition?
  • What is the term used to describe a substance abuse problem and mental health problem found in the same person?
  • What should I expect if I need dual-diagnosis treatment?
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