The Effects of Marijuana Use
- Table of ContentsPrint
- Is Marijuana Harmful?
- Short-Term Effects of Marijuana
- Side Effects
- Long-Term Effects of Marijuana
- Marijuana Addiction
- Marijuana Withdrawal Treatment
Is Marijuana Harmful?
Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in the United States. It is normally smoked as a joint or in a pipe and can also be smoked as a blunt. Marijuana can be mixed with food, brewed as tea or used in the form of hash oil. There is no simple answer to what the marijuana high is like, as this varies for each individual.
This dry mix of green and brown mixed flowers, seeds, stems and leaves comes from the hemp plant called Cannabis sativa. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main active chemical in the plant.
Although it is illegal in most states, marijuana may be used in medical programs in some states. Patients may have access to the drug for medical purposes only. This program is used to help those with serious conditions untreated by other medications.
The Dangers of Marijuana
Marijuana may indeed be harmful. There is a link between long-term marijuana use and increased rates of schizophrenia, depression and anxiety.
Marijuana also increases a person's heart rate for up to three hours after use, putting users at risk for heart attack during that period.
Additionally, addiction and withdrawal can be common with marijuana use.
Marijuana Effects Quiz question 1
How much marijuana is consumed every year?
Marijuana Effects Quiz question 2
Short-Term Effects of Marijuana
The short-term effects of marijuana occur because THC rapidly moves from the lungs into the blood. This chemical acts on cannabinoid receptors, leading to a "high" for users. These receptors are found in the parts of the brain that influence concentration, thinking, sensory and time perception, pleasure, memory and coordination.
Short-term effects of marijuana normally cease shortly after use.
Dependency can form after marijuana use, even when it is used as a short-term drug.
When a person is high on marijuana, the side effects of marijuana include:
- Temporary memory loss.
- Lack of coordination.
- Altered perception of time.
- Changes in mood.
- Difficulties thinking or problem solving.
If you or a loved one would like more information about marijuana use and side effects, call our 24-hour hotline at 1-888-744-0069. Our staff can guide you get help for marijuana use you need to stay clean and live a drug-free lifestyle.
Marijuana Effects Quiz question 4
Video: Physical Effects of Marijuana
Long-Term Effects of Marijuana
The long-term effects of marijuana can lead to an adverse effect on memory and learning. Those who smoke marijuana consistently when young may experience cognitive impairment as adults even when no longer using the drug. The long-term effects of marijuana can be unpredictable.
Long-term use can also lead to a number of other unwanted effects, such as respiratory issues, and may cause learning and problem-solving in children born to mothers who smoked marijuana during pregnancy.
Additionally, marijuana use has been associated with certain mental health issues such as depression and anxiety and may even worsen symptoms in those with schizophrenia.
Marijuana Effects Quiz question 5
Marijuana addiction is possible. In fact, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), 25-50% of users who take this drug daily will become addicted at some point.
Marijuana may be used in some states of the U.S. for medical treatment. This is only a treatment available by prescription and is not regularly given without serious consideration of the patient's health.
How much are people spending on marijuana?
Marijuana Withdrawal Treatment
Marijuana abuse can lead to dependence and withdrawal upon cessation of use. Withdrawal symptoms may include:
- Decreased appetite.
The symptoms will begin within a day of abstinence. These symptoms then peak after 3-6 days and will subside within 2-3 weeks.
Marijuana Effects Quiz question 6
Marijuana addiction can be treated by a rehabilitation center or in outpatient treatment. Behavioral interventions, which may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, are used to help during rehabilitation therapy.
- Is marijuana addictive? (n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2015, from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/marijuana-addictive
- Marijuana. (n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2015, from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana
- Abadinsky, H., & Abadinsky, H. (2014). Drug use and abuse: A comprehensive introduction (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.