Xanax Abuse Signs, Symptoms and Addiction Treatment
Anyone can become addicted to Xanax-the trade name of a prescription medication classified as a benzodiazepine. Doctors prescribe Xanax to treat patients suffering from anxiety and panic disorders. The medication works by stifling the inhibitory receptor in the brain and thus decreasing any abnormal excitement. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, Xanax can be addictive if taken in large quantities or used for a prolonged period. Even people who take the medication exactly as their prescribed can become addicted to it. If you would like to know more Xanax facts or need help finding a rehab center near you, call (800) 943-0566 now.
What is Xanax?
Xanax (alprazolam) is a powerful benzodiazepine drug first introduced in 1976. (source) It has strong anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, muscle relaxant, and sedative effects, (source) (source 2) and is often prescribed for generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. As an intermediate-acting drug, it takes effect in 30-90 minutes. (source) Like most benzodiazepines, it has a great potential for addiction and abuse when used long-term. (source)
Other names for Xanax
- Xanax XR
- Niravam (source)
Xanax Abuse question 1
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of Xanax abuse are typically present in nearly every aspect of a person's life. It is common for people with Xanax problems to have strained relationships with close friends and family. Drug abuse can lead to marital problems and tends to affect people at work. It is common for people with an addiction to Xanax to miss work because they do not feel well. This is typically because they have not taken any pills and are experiencing withdrawal symptoms. Other common signs of a Xanax addiction include financial problems, sudden weight loss and neglecting family responsibilities.
If you think you might be addicted to Xanax, it is important that you know the symptoms of Xanax abuse. You might find yourself thinking about how you are going to get more Xanax when you have finished what you have. You could develop cognitive problems that make it difficult for you to articulate your words. Addicts also tend to build up a tolerance Xanax, and experience withdrawal symptoms when they are not taking the medication. An addict's life typically revolves around drug use, and it is common for users to start taking other drugs when they do not have access to Xanax.
Physical and mental effects of Xanax
Benzodiazepines such as Xanax are used for:
- Inducing sleep
- Relieving anxiety
- Treating muscle spasms
- Prevention of seizures
Side effects of Xanax
- difficulty concentrating
Xanax Abuse question 2
Effects of Xanax Abuse
Using Xanax, especially for a prolonged period, can have numerous drug abuse effects on your body. The medication is a central nervous system depressant, so most of the effects have to do with how your mind functions. The most common effects of Xanax use include lack of coordination, slurred speech, confusion and disorientation.
Some people develop memory impairment, which typically only affects the short-term memory, and doctors primarily see mild cases of impairment. Sedation is also a concern for Xanax users. People who take the mediation in large doses might experience severe sedation that can last for three to four days.
Choosing to use a rehab program to treat a Xanax addiction helps ensure that you don't have to worry about the medication's long-term effects. For more facts about Xanax and how to help a Xanax addict, call (800) 943-0566.
Lasting health effects of Xanax
Chronic use or abuse of sedatives such as Xanax is associated with:
- Depression (source)
- Psychotic experiences (source)
- Aggressive and impulsive behavior (source) (source 2)
- Delirious states
- Cognitive deficits (source) (source 2) (source 3)
Xanax Abuse question 3
Xanax Abuse Treatment
People suffering from Xanax addictions have the option to use inpatient or outpatient treatment programs. It is important that you review what every program has to offer. Then, choose the program that has the best chance of helping you succeed.
Inpatient treatment programs give you a stable and temptation-free environment for your recovery. Centers have around-the-clock care. The medical staff will help you cope with your withdrawal symptoms and may administer medication to make the symptoms subside. A typical day in an inpatient facility could include group therapy sessions, individual therapy sessions and educational lectures.
Xanax Abuse question 4
Outpatient treatment programs give you more freedom, and there are two different options. The daily check-in program requires you to check in with a drug abuse counselor every day, while the day treatment program requires you to be at the center for eight hours each day. Meanwhile, you will be attending therapy sessions and possibly educational lectures about addiction and recovery.
If you need help determining what type of treatment program is right for you, call (800) 943-0566.
Xanax Abuse question 5
Google Trends: Searches for "Xanax"
Over the past decade, searches for Xanax have largely been concentrated in southern states like Mississippi and Louisiana. From 2004 to 2008, there was an 89% increase in benzodiazepine-related ER visits.
Treatment facility admissions for Xanax
United States, admissions for treatment, age 12+
From 2003 to 2012, the number of substance abuse treatment admissions relating to tranquilizers such as Xanax grew steadily, and in 2012, Xanax itself comprised slightly more than half of these admissions.
Xanax-related emergency room visits by people seeking detox services
Many people now seek rehab and detox services for an addiction to Xanax: from 2007 to 2009, the number of emergency room visits by people looking to detox from Xanax tripled.
How many people used tranquilizers like Xanax non-medically in the last year?
In 2013, over 5 million people in the US said they had abused tranquilizers such as Xanax over the past year, down from 6 million in 2013.
How many people used tranquilizers like Xanax non-medically in the last month?
In the US, the number of people reporting that they had abused tranquilizers such as Xanax in the past month declined from 2.1 million to 1.7 million.
Average cost of Xanax
$14-23 for 30 0.5mg alprazolam tablets (source)
Prescriptions of Xanax and other alprazolam-containing drugs by year
Drugs containing alprazolam, the generic name for Xanax, are among the most commonly prescribed in the US: over 47 million prescriptions were issued in 2011, up from 37 million in 2006.
Xanax addiction is a widespread problem and affects the lives of numerous adults. Because the addiction develops over time, it may take some time before you even realize that you have a problem. According to the 2011 Treatment Episode Data Set Report, 60,200 people obtaining drug abuse treatment were addicted to benzodiazepines. This showed a drastic increase from the 22,400 people who sought treatment for benzo addictions in 1998.
Videos on Xanax and other benzodiazepines
Legislation and policymaking involving Xanax
- Tennessee has passed legislation prohibiting benzodiazepines such as Xanax from being dispensed in any greater than a 30-day supply. (source)
- Ireland is planning strict controls on benzodiazepines such as Xanax to reduce abuse and illicit trade of these drugs. (source)
Xanax Abuse question 6
Teen Xanax Abuse
Xanax abuse is not only a problem among adults; teenagers have prescription medication addictions as well. According to the 2011 Monitoring the Future survey, 7.4 percent of teenagers report using prescription drugs for non-medical purposes in the past year. While this includes other prescription drugs, Xanax seems to be a quite popular prescription drug abused by teens.
Resources, Articles and More Information
It is important to learn all that you can about your addiction and how it affects your body. Below are some related articles and websites that contain facts about Xanax.