Quantifying the Insane Alcohol Consumption of the U.S.
In the United States, more than half of adults over the age of 18 are regular drinkers, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Also, more than 13% of people over 18 identify themselves as infrequent drinkers. In 2010, almost 16,000 people died from alcohol-induced liver disease. There were more than 25,000 alcohol-induced deaths (including accidents and homicides). Looking at these statistics, it’s no wonder that some people believe alcohol abuse in the United States is out of control.
About 65% of Americans consider themselves drinkers, placing them at greater risk for diseases and accidents than nondrinkers. A number of regular drinkers are also alcoholics. However, there is one good sign: according to David J. Hanson, Ph.D., alcohol consumption in the United States is declining. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism reported that Americans aged 14 and over drank an average of 2.31 gallons of alcohol annually in 2007, compared to 2.75 gallons in 1980.
Alcohol Statistics and Demographics
If you break down alcohol consumption statistics by race and ethnicity, the heaviest drinkers in the United States are American Indians, Alaskan Natives, and Native Hawaiians. Statistically, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders drink the least. Among all groups, men are more likely to drink than women, and men are more likely to drink in large quantities.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) has a chart addressing a number of questions regarding alcohol use: How many American adults aged 18 and older drank alcohol in the past year? When they did imbibe, how much did they drink? According to the chart, almost 60% of women and more than 70% of men had a drink over the past year. Of these, more than 20% of women and more than 40% of men had more than 3 drinks per day. This drinking behavior would be considered alcoholic on many assessment tests.
On the same chart, almost 30% of women and men claimed to have 2 drinks per day. Depending on how much alcohol was in each of these drinks, this could be considered an alcohol addiction problem. When you add both sections together and apply common assessments, about half of American women would be considered alcoholic and more than 70% of men would be borderline or alcoholic.
A NIAAA study breaks down the statistics further. It focuses on how often women and men drink, providing a better idea of drinking rates and how often people drink heavily or binge drink. For instance, almost 2.5% of women and more than 5.5% of men claim to drink daily. Almost 2.5% of women and almost 5% of men claim to drink nearly every day. Almost 25% of all American women will have a drink this week, whereas more than 40% of men will do the same. Less than 40% of women and less than 30% of men claimed to have abstained from alcohol in the past year.
Another issue is determining how much alcohol actually is in what someone refers to generally as a “drink.” Per the NIAAA criteria, a standard drink is:
- 12 ounces of beer with a 5% alcohol content
- 5 ounces of wine with a 12% alcohol content
- 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits with a 40% alcohol content
Considering that just 1 stiff mixed drink with hard liquor could contain up to 3 standard “drinks” (if it totaled 4.5 ounces of 80 proof liquor, which is 40% alcohol), it’s no wonder that the United States has so many people who consider themselves to be drinking more than 2 or 3 drinks per day.
The NIAAA recommends that men have no more than 14 drinks (by their standard) per week and that women should have no more than 7 drinks per week. The aforementioned statistics show that this often isn’t the case in the United States.
How to Get Help for Alcohol Misuse
If you or someone you love is struggling with problem alcohol use, know that recovery is possible. Professional alcohol treatment programs can start anyone battling alcohol addiction on the path to recovery. You can contact an admissions navigator with American Addiction Centers (AAC) free at at any time, day or night, to learn more about alcohol addiction treatment options and rehab programs. You can also check your health insurance coverage using the form below, and there are free alcohol hotline numbers you can call.