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American Addiction Centers National Rehabs Directory

Drugs A-Z

What Is Acamprosate?

Acamprosate is thought to help recovering alcoholics stay sober by balancing inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmission. Acamprosate may be combined with behavioral therapy to decrease a person’s chances of relapse and continued drinking.

What Is Actiq?

Actiq is the brand name for a transmucosal lozenge formulation of fentanyl—a powerful opioid painkiller. Pharmaceutical fentanyl is indicated for breakthrough cancer pain in patients whose pain is not relieved by less potent opioids or other medications.

What Is Adderall?

Adderall is a medication used to manage Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). As an amphetamine stimulant, Adderall has known abuse liability and should be used in accordance with a prescription from a medical professional. Read about finding help for Adderall abuse.

What Is Alcohol?

Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant substance with widespread use. Alcohol consumption is associated with a number of mental and physical pathologies and contributes significantly to national health care costs. Find out more about the long- and short-term effects of alcohol use, alcohol detox and withdrawal, and how to get help here.

What Is Alprazolam?

Alprazolam is a medication used to treat anxiety and panic disorders. This medication decreases levels of abnormal excitement in the brain, but it has the potential for abuse and the development of significant physiologic dependence. Find out more about the harmful effects of alprazolam use and how to help an alprazolam addict here.

What Is Ambien?

Ambien is a brand name of the drug zolpidem. It is commonly used as a short-term treatment for insomnia. Learn about the side effects of Ambien use and snorting Ambien.

What Is Amobarbital?

Amobarbital is a barbiturate previously manufactured under the brand name Amytal. Prior to the discontinuation of this product, Amytal was widely abused.

What Are Amphetamines?

Amphetamines are psychostimulant drugs. They increase the activity of certain neurotransmitters—such as dopamine and norepinephrine—by increasing their synaptic release and inhibiting reuptake. Amphetamines are prescribed for several conditions, but they are also common agents of illicit or nonmedical misuse. Learn about the effects of amphetamine use and how to help an amphetamine addict.

What Is Amytal?

Amytal was a previously available trade name formulation for a barbiturate sedative (amobarbital) used to treat sleeping disorders like insomnia. This widely abused pharmaceutical product was discontinued in the 1980s.

What Is Anexsia?

Anexsia is one of the several brand names used for the combination of acetaminophen and hydrocodone. This narcotic drug is available in varying strengths and is used for the relief of moderate-to-severe pain.

What Is Antabuse?

Antabuse is a brand name of the drug disulfiram, which inhibits the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase—an enzyme in the metabolic pathway for alcohol breakdown. It is used to discourage continued drinking by causing sensitivity to alcohol. Antabuse is a possible treatment for cocaine dependence.

What Is Ativan?

Ativan is a brand name for lorazepam, which is a benzodiazepine used in the treatment of anxiety, seizures, and insomnia. It decreases excitatory signals in the brain for relaxation. Find help for Ativan dependence and get information about the side effects of Ativan use here.

What Is Avinza?

Avinza is a morphine sulfate extended-release capsule administered once a day. It is used to relieve moderate-to-severe chronic, long-term, noncancerous pain in adults requiring around-the-clock pain relief.

What Is Buprenorphine?

Buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist used for withdrawal management and maintenance treatment for opioid dependence. This medication-assisted treatment agent is available as a sublingual tablet or a long-acting implant (Probuphine). It is combined with naloxone in the combination opioid addiction treatment drug Suboxone.

What Is Butalbital?

Butalbital is a barbiturate in several analgesic combination drugs, along with aspirin or acetaminophen and, in some combos, with caffeine or codeine.

What Is Butorphanol?

Butorphanol is a drug with both agonist and antagonist activity on mu opioid receptors and partial agonism on kappa opioid receptors. It is indicated for use for postoperative pain, obstetric/labor pain, and it may be used as an abortive treatment for infrequent migraines in people who don’t respond to other treatments. It may be administered as an injectable solution or as a metered dose nasal spray.

What Is Campral?

Campral is a brand name for acamprosate, a medicine sometimes used in conjunction with behavioral therapy to help with abstinence maintenance in people recovering from alcohol use disorder and compulsive drinking.

What Is Carisoprodol?

Carisoprodol is a muscle relaxant commonly prescribed for acute muscle pain as a result of injuries such as strains or sprains. Carisoprodol is available in several formulations intended for oral administration.

What Is Chlordiazepoxide?

Chlordiazepoxide is a long half-life benzodiazepine approved for use as an anxiolytic and to manage acute alcohol withdrawal. It is commonly referred to by one of its several, previously available trade names—Librium.

What Is Clonazepam?

Clonazepam is a relatively long-acting benzodiazepine sedative used to help control seizures. It also can be prescribed to alleviate panic attacks. This drug works by enhancing the activity of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA in the brain. Misuse of the drug is associated with dependence and addiction. Find out more about the harmful effects of Clonazepam addiction and symptoms of Clonazepam overdose.

What Is Clonidine?

Clonidine is an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist drug used as an antihypertensive for the treatment of high blood pressure. It is also approved for use in ADHD treatment. It has several off-label uses, including the management of menopausal hot flashes, dysmenorrhea, and opioid withdrawal symptoms, as well as smoking cessation. Clonidine is available as both an immediate- and extended-release tablet, as well as as a transdermal patch.

What Is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a Schedule II stimulant drug. It is associated with widespread illicit use and addiction and is responsible for a significant portion of emergency room visits. Three common routes of administration for cocaine are snorting, injecting, and smoking. Cocaine inhibits neuronal reuptake and thereby increases the activity of several catecholamine neurotransmitters, including dopamine, which underlies its exquisitely reinforcing, pleasurable effects. Learn more about the effects of cocaine use, cocaine withdrawal, and cocaine overdose symptoms.

What Is Codeine?

Codeine is a prescription opioid analgesic and antitussive agent. This narcotic suppresses coughing and works as a relatively mild opioid painkiller. It is included in several orally administered pharmaceutical preparations. Learn about the symptoms of codeine overdose.

What Is Concerta?

Concerta is a branded version of methylphenidate. This medication is widely used for the treatment of ADHD, but it is also approved for use in treating narcolepsy. It is an amphetamine-like stimulant and is available as an extended-release oral tablet. Learn about the effects of Concerta use.

What Is Crack Cocaine?

Crack is a freebase form of cocaine. Smoking the rock-like substance elicits a rapid-onset, intense high and is considered an even more addictive form of an already addictive substance. Crack cocaine’s effects include psychological effects like intense feelings of euphoria, increased energy, insomnia, paranoia, and more.

What Is Crystal Meth?

Crystal Meth is one of the street names for illicit methamphetamine. It is a powerful central nervous system stimulant with effects that can last from 6-12 hours depending on the method of use. Find out more about the harmful effects of crystal meth use and how to help a crystal meth addict here.

What Is Darvocet?

Darvocet is a combination of acetaminophen and propoxyphene. It is used to treat pain and reduce fevers. In large doses it can be harmful or fatal. This drug was removed from the United States market in November 2010 by FDA request.

What Is Darvon?

Darvon is a pharmaceutical-grade pain reliever that contains propoxyphene, caffeine, and aspirin. The FDA withdrew approval of this opioid in 2010 due to the dangers of propoxyphene, as it can have negative effects on the heart.

What Is Demerol?

Demerol is a brand name for meperidine, an opioid painkiller commonly used in hospital settings. This medication is used for pain that is moderate-to-severe. Demerol may be administered via injection or as an oral tablet. Learn about the effects of Demerol use.

What Is Depade?

Depade is a brand name for the opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone. Naltrexone is approved for use in treating both alcohol dependence and opioid dependence (post-detox).

What Is Desoxyn?

Desoxyn is a brand name for methamphetamine hydrochloride. It is a stimulant drug that causes appetite suppression and is sometimes used to treat obesity in patients who have had unsuccessful outcomes with other treatments. Desoxyn is also used to treat ADHD. Learn about the effects of Desoxyn.

What Is Dexedrine?

Dexedrine is a branded, extended-release formulation of the drug dextroamphetamine, which produces feelings of wakefulness, focus, decreased fatigue, and decreased appetite. It is approved for the treatment of narcolepsy and ADHD (in a pediatric population).

What Is Dextroamphetamine?

Dextroamphetamine is a psychostimulant drug found in a number of pharmaceutical formulations, such as Adderall (dextroamphetamine + amphetamine). Dextroamphetamine-containing drugs are used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy and are more rarely used off-label to treat treatment-resistant depression and exogenous obesity. Learn about the effects of dextroamphetamine.

What Is Dextromethorphan (DXM)?

Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a drug with antitussive properties and is commonly found in several cough and cold combination formulations. It is available in many over-the-counter cough syrups and tablets. It is sometimes misused at higher-than-recommended doses for its dissociative effects. Learn more about the effects of dextromethorphan and how to help a dextromethorphan addict.

What Is Di-Gesic?

Di-Gesic is the trade name for the analgesic dextropropoxyphene. It is an opioid used to treat mild pain. The medication is no longer used in Europe and the United States because it was linked to arrhythmias and fatal drug overdoses.

What Is Diazepam?

Diazepam is used to treat muscle spasms, anxiety disorder, and seizures. It is also prescribed to minimize the risk of agitation and seizures in the setting of acute alcohol withdrawal. Diazepam may be administered in several forms, including as an injectable solution, oral tablet, liquid concentrate, and PR gel. Learn about the side effects of diazepam use and how to treat diazepam addiction.

What Is Dilaudid?

Dilaudid is a brand name for the narcotic painkiller hydromorphone. Dilaudid is significantly more potent than morphine and is commonly used in hospital settings for the management of severe pain. Dilaudid may be administered as an injectable solution, as well as as an oral liquid or tablet. Learn about the effects of Dilaudid use.

What Is Disulfiram?

Disulfiram is a medication used to decrease continued drinking and help maintain abstinence in those with alcohol use disorder. It works to inhibit the function of aldehyde dehydrogenase (an enzyme controlling one of several metabolic steps in the breakdown of ethanol) and, by doing so, causes unpleasant effects when alcohol is consumed. These aversive effects include headaches, flushing, and increased heart rate. It comes in tablet form and is taken by mouth.

What Is Duragesic?

Duragesic is an extended-release, transdermal formulation of fentanyl. These fentanyl patches are available in several dose strengths and are intended for use in managing chronic and severe pain that does not lessen considerably with other narcotics. Intentional misuse of these patches increases a person’s risk of injury and drug overdose, as well as the development of addiction.

What Is Duramorph?

Duramorph is an injected form of morphine. It is a narcotic pain reliever typically given in a clinic or hospital to relieve relatively severe pain.

What Are Ecstasy and MDMA?

Ecstasy is the street name for the drug 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine, or MDMA. MDMA is a synthetic psychoactive drug that induces feelings of euphoria, increased energy, and emotional warmth in the user. It is commonly consumed orally in capsule or pill form. Learn about the long-term effects of ecstasy use.

What Is Fentanyl?

Fentanyl is a potent opioid pain medication used to treat severe or breakthrough pain. Pharmaceutical fentanyl is roughly 50 times more potent than heroin. It is often used in operating rooms, in intensive care units, and for the treatment of cancer pain. Illicit fentanyl production and abuse have been on the rise in recent years. Fentanyl use may significantly increase overdose risks, especially when it is surreptitiously mixed with street heroin and other drugs. Learn about the effects of fentanyl use and fentanyl overdose symptoms.

What Is Fioricet?

Fioricet is an analgesic combination of three active ingredients: caffeine, acetaminophen, and butalbital. It is prescribed for tension headaches. The butalbital component is a barbiturate—a class of drugs known for their abuse potential.

What Is Fiorinal?

Fiorinal is a medication that contains aspirin, caffeine, and butalbital. Butalbital is a barbiturate. Fiorinal is most commonly used to treat tension headaches and is sometimes used to treat migraines. Butalbital is habit-forming and can lead to dependency.

What Is Flunitrazepam?

In the U.S., flunitrazepam is an illicit sedative drug most commonly known as Rohypnol, roofies, or the date rape drug.

What Is GHB?

In pharmaceutical form, GHB—which is short for gamma hydroxybutyrate—is approved for use in treating narcolepsy-related cataplexy or excessive daytime sleepiness. Illicit forms of the drug may be found as an odorless powder or liquid. Though its mechanism of action isn’t fully understood, the drug acts as a CNS depressant and can result in profoundly intoxicated states when misused.

What Is Halcion?

Halcion is a brand name for triazolam, which is a benzodiazepine. This medication is approved for use as a short-term treatment for insomnia, though its use in this capacity has been somewhat supplanted by non-benzodiazepine hypnotic drugs such as Ambien.

What Is Hash?

Hashish, often referred to as hash, is a product of the cannabis plant. Prepared from compressed marijuana buds and cannabis resin, hash is commonly burned and inhaled. Levels of THC may be several times higher than those of unprocessed marijuana buds, resulting in more potent psychoactive effects when smoked. Learn about the effects of hash use.

What Is Heroin?

Heroin is an illicit drug known to induce feelings of intense relaxation and euphoria. It is an opioid derived from morphine, which is itself extracted from the opium poppy. Heroin can be injected, smoked, snorted, or taken orally. Heroin addiction takes a heavy toll on the user’s life. Find out more about heroin overdose, help for heroin dependence, and the side effects of heroin use.

What Is Hycodan?

Hycodan was a previously available brand name version of hydrocodone bibartate that was mixed with homatropine methylbromide. This drug is an opioid analgesic and antitussive that reduces coughing. Too much Hycodan can cause breathing difficulties.

What Is Hydrocodone?

Hydrocodone is a widely prescribed (and widely abused) opioid analgesic. It is commonly encountered in combination formulations with non-opioid analgesics such as acetaminophen. In its various forms, it is used to control pain and, less frequently, as a cough suppressant. It is available as a tablet and solution, both intended for oral use. Learn about the effects of hydrocodone use, hydrocodone overdose, and snorting hydrocodone.

What Is Hydromorphone?

Hydromorphone is a semisynthetic, morphine-derived opioid. Available as an oral tablet (in immediate- and extended-release formulations) as well as an injectable solution, hydromorphone is used for severe pain. It is commonly identified in branded form as Dilaudid.

What Are Inhalants?

The term “inhalants” is used to designate a variety of chemical compounds that are inhaled through the mouth or nose as a vapor or gas. It is a somewhat broad grouping of substances and includes several volatile solvents, gases, aerosol sprays, and nitrites. The effects of different inhalants include alcohol-like intoxication, sedation, and mild euphoria. Though toxicity varies by substance, chronic use of certain inhalants can be dangerous and debilitating. Find out more about the harmful effects of inhalant use and how to help an inhalant abuser here.

What Is Kadian?

Kadian is a brand name for the generic drug morphine sulfate. It is an extended-release capsule intended for oral administration and is used to relieve moderate-to-severe pain. Kadian is a narcotic pain reliever and opioid and misuse increases the risk of physiological dependence and addiction.

What Is Ketamine?

Ketamine was once widely used as a surgical/procedural sedative because, in contrast with PCP, it was associated with a much shorter and less frightening emergence delirium. The two drugs are similarly acting dissociative-anesthetic agents and in sufficient doses may cause people to dissociate from their surroundings and, even, their own bodies. In pharmaceutical form, ketamine remains a Schedule III drug with known medical utility. It is, however, frequently misused illicitly. Learn more about ketamine side effects and how to get help for ketamine addiction.

What Is Klonopin?

Klonopin is a branded formulation of clonazepam and is used to manage panic disorder and certain types of seizures. As with other benzodiazepine drugs, Klonopin works by decreasing excitatory signaling in the brain. Misuse of this drug can be dangerous and is associated with the development of significant physical dependence and addiction. Find help for Klonopin addiction and get information about the side effects of Klonopin use here.

What Is LSD?

LSD is the abbreviation for lysergic acid diethylamide. LSD, or acid, is a drug taken in relatively minuscule doses, but which is still capable of eliciting several profound psychological effects, including hallucinations. Though LSD is not associated with pronounced dependence in the same way that many other illicit abused substances are, its use can still be dangerous. It is most commonly taken orally on sugar cubes or blotter paper impregnated with an aqueous solution of the drug. Learn about treatment for LSD abuse.

What Is Librium?

Librium is a brand name for chlordiazepoxide, an anxiolytic medication commonly used to manage acute alcohol withdrawal. It reduces anxiety and agitation by depressing the central nervous system. Librium is classified as a benzodiazepine and, like other drugs in this class, it has abuse potential.

What Is Lorazepam?

Lorazepam is an anti-anxiety medication that works by increasing the actions of a neurotransmitter known as GABA. Also available as the brand name Ativan, lorazepam may be used to treat anxiety and seizures and is also indicated for use in certain instances for insomnia. It is sometimes used off-label to manage acute alcohol withdrawal and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. As with other benzodiazepine drugs, severe dependence may develop in association with chronic use and misuse of lorazepam. Find out more about the harmful effects of lorazepam use, lorazepam overdose symptoms, and the dangers of snorting lorazepam.

What Is Lortab?

Lortab is a brand name combination product that contains the drugs hydrocodone and acetaminophen. It is commonly given to patients to relieve moderate-to-severe pain. Common Lortab side effects include an upset stomach, nausea, and dizziness.

What Is Luminal?

Luminal is a brand name for the drug phenobarbital. This drug has sedative and hypnotic effects, but it is most commonly used as an anticonvulsant to treat seizures.

What Is MS Contin?

MS Contin is one of several branded formulations of morphine for oral use. It is available as an extended-release tablet and used to control moderate-to-severe pain.

What Is MSIR?

MSIR is in the immediate-release formulation of morphine sulfate. MSIR is intended for oral use.

What Is Marijuana?

Marijuana, also called cannabis or weed, is a psychoactive plant that is most commonly smoked, though chemical compounds in the plant may be incorporated into products that are consumed orally. The primary psychoactive compound in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol. In many states, marijuana has been legalized for some medical use, though it remains a Schedule I drug nationally. Weed addiction can take a heavy toll on the user’s quality of life. Learn about weed withdrawal symptoms and the side effects of weed use.

What Is Meperidine?

Meperidine is a synthetic narcotic pain reliever with analgesic potency similar to that of morphine. This medication was once widely used in hospital settings to treat pain that is considered moderate-to-severe, though its popularity as a painkiller has declined somewhat due to its associated seizure risks and pronounced abuse potential. It is available as an oral tablet and injectable solution under the trade name Demerol.

What Is Mescaline?

Mescaline, or 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine, is a naturally occurring psychedelic drug found in the peyote cactus. Mescaline use is associated with long, dream-like hallucinatory experiences and altered mood states. As with other classic hallucinogens like LSD, tolerance is built rapidly with repeated use. Though it is used in some religious ceremonies, mescaline remains a Schedule I substance in the United States.

What Is Methadone?

Methadone is a narcotic analgesic that is also used to treat opioid dependence. As an opioid receptor agonist medication, methadone helps stabilize people in acute opioid withdrawal, as well as maintain them throughout longer-term recovery. As a full opioid receptor agonist drug, methadone has significant abuse potential of its own, and as a long-acting opioid, methadone can become quite dangerous when misused. Find out more about the potentially harmful effects of methadone use and how to help a methadone addict here.

What Is Methamphetamine?

Methamphetamine is a highly addictive stimulant with a history of widespread abuse. Pharmaceutical methamphetamine continues to be prescribed—though less commonly than some other psychostimulant drugs such as Adderall and Ritalin—for the treatment of ADHD. Illicit forms of this powerful CNS stimulant are also referred to as speed, ice, crank, meth, and crystal.

What Is Methaqualone?

Methaqualone is the active component of the now-discontinued sedative pharmaceutical brand Quaalude. Quaaludes were initially marketed as a non-habit-forming substitute for barbiturates and, though they have somewhat different chemical properties, their use ultimately led to high rates of abuse. This sedative-hypnotic drug was highly sought after due to its ability to induce sleep and elicit euphoric feelings at higher doses.

What Is Methylphenidate?

Methylphenidate—most recognizably marketed as Ritalin—is a medication used to help manage ADHD and narcolepsy. It is a psychostimulant with reinforcing properties, especially when misused.

What Is Morphine?

Morphine is an opioid analgesic—often considered the archetypal painkiller. Morphine is an opiate alkaloid derived from opium poppies and has long been used to relieve pain. It is a widely used in hospitals and other clinical settings, but it also has the potential to be misused in order to elicit euphoric feelings, among other effects. Learn about morphine overdose and the dangers of snorting morphine.

What Are Mushrooms?

Mushrooms, often called Magic Mushrooms, contain psilocybin as their primary psychoactive compound. When consumed whole or brewed into tea, these hallucinogens can distort the senses, which can be pleasurable or terrifying depending on the situation. Learn more about mushroom side effects.

What Is Naltrexone?

Naltrexone is an opioid receptor antagonist used as part of a medication-assisted treatment regimen for alcohol or opioid dependence. Naltrexone is available as an oral tablet in its branded formulation Vivitrol, or as an extended-release injectable solution.

What Is Nembutal?

Nembutal is a brand name for pentobarbital sodium, which is a barbiturate drug. This medication is indicated for use in managing insomnia, but it can also be used as a sedative before surgery. Though oral forms of Nembutal were once on the market, it is currently available only as an injectable solution.

What Is Norco?

Norco is a prescription painkiller that contains both hydrocodone (an opioid analgesic) and acetaminophen (the active ingredient in Tylenol). This medication is used to treat moderate-to-severe pain. Learn about the effects of Norco use.

What Is OxyContin?

OxyContin is a branded formulation of oxycodone, a narcotic analgesic. Side effects include fatigue, dizziness, and fainting. It is available as an extended-release tablet, which is the target of much diversion and abuse. Find help for OxyContin abuse and get information about the side effects of OxyContin use here.

What Is Oxycodone?

Oxycodone is an opioid pain medication with a history of widespread diversion and misuse. Oxycodone overdose can be fatal. Overdose is made more likely when people attempt to bypass the extended-release mechanisms of certain formulations. Find out more about the harmful effects of Oxycodone use and how to help an Oxycodone addict here.

What Is PCP?

PCP, or phencyclidine, is a dissociative anesthetic drug similar to ketamine. Unlike ketamine, no pharmaceutical preparation of PCP exists anymore—all PCP use is illicit. PCP can be smoked, snorted, injected, or taken orally. Find help for PCP abuse and information about the side effects of PCP use.

What Is Palladone?

Palladone was a previously available, extended-release, oral capsule form of hydromorphone, an opioid painkiller.

What Is Pentobarbital?

Pentobarbital is a type of barbiturate that works to increase inhibitory tone in the central nervous system. Though rarely used, it is indicated for use as a hypnotic (i.e. sleeping aid) and for sedation before surgery.

What Is Percocet?

Percocet is a prescription painkiller combination of acetaminophen and oxycodone. This drug is used to manage moderate-to-severe pain and is a Schedule II controlled substance. Learn about the effects of Percocet use and the dangers of snorting Percocet.

What Is Percodan?

Percodan is a prescription medication that combines aspirin and oxycodone—the latter being an opioid painkiller used to treat moderate-to-severe pain.

What Is Peyote?

Peyote is a small spineless cactus with psychoactive properties when consumed. The primary hallucinogenic compound in peyote is mescaline, a phenethylamine hallucinogen that may elicit effects that vary somewhat from person to person. Indigenous Americans often used peyote for rituals.

What Is Phenobarbital?

Phenobarbital (trade name: Luminal) is a barbiturate. It is commonly used as an anticonvulsant to treat patients with seizures. It can also be used to treat those experiencing acute withdrawal from alcohol or benzodiazepines, though it may result in severe tremors and seizures. Learn about the effects of phenobarbital use.

What Is Quaalude?

Quaalude was a previously available brand name for the sedative-hypnotic drug methaqualone. It was once prescribed for insomnia and as a muscle relaxant. It gained popularity in the 1960s and 1970s as a recreational drug. It is currently a Schedule I drug in the United States. Pharmaceutical production ceased in the U.S. in the 1980s.

What Is Ritalin?

Ritalin is one of the trade names for the stimulant methylphenidate. It is commonly used for the treatment of ADHD and the sleep disorder narcolepsy. Ritalin is intended for oral use and is available as an immediate-release tablet and extended-release capsule (Ritalin LA). Learn about the effects of Ritalin use and the dangers of snorting Ritalin.

What Is Rohypnol?

Rohypnol is another name for the benzodiazepine drug flunitrazepam. As with other benzos, Rohypnol use may result in sedation and memory loss. Illicit use of this drug has been linked to sexual assaults, earning it a designation as a “date rape” drug. Flunitrazepam has never been approved for medical use in the U.S.

What Is Roxicodone?

Roxicodone is one brand name version of oxycodone, an opioid painkiller used to treat patients who suffer from moderate-to-severe pain. Learn about the effects of Roxicodone use and dealing with Roxicodone addiction.

What Is Ryzolt?

Ryzolt is a previously available brand formulation of tramadol, which is a prescription opioid analgesic. Ryzolt was an extended-release oral tablet.

What Is Secobarbital?

Secobarbital is a barbiturate that inhibits certain types of brain activity. Though increasingly rarely used, it is indicated for use are as a pre-surgery sedative and as a short-term insomnia treatment.

What Is Seconal?

Seconal is a brand name for secobarbital—a prescription barbiturate. It is approved for use as a procedural sedative and sleep aid, though it is rarely used for either. Seconal is available as an oral capsule.

What Is Soma?

Soma is a brand name for the drug carisoprodol, which is a muscle relaxant. It is used as treatment for acute musculoskeletal pain. One metabolite of the drug, meprobamate, is a sedative-anxiolytic which has historically been associated with cases of abuse and dependence. Learn about the effects of Soma use.

What Is Speed?

Speed is a slang term applied to illicit amphetamine and methamphetamine drug use. These drugs are central nervous system stimulants, and their misuse can result in a short-lived euphoric feeling, as well as several potentially dangerous physiological effects, such as increased heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing.

What Are Steroids?

Androgenic/anabolic steroids are a class of drugs used medically for conditions such as hypogonadism and to stimulate appetite following trauma, extensive surgery, or chronic illness. Though not reinforcing in the same way that many other drugs of abuse are, steroids are associated with compulsive patterns of use in certain populations. Find out more about the harmful effects of steroid use and how to help a steroid addict here.

What Is Sublimaze?

Sublimaze is an injectable version of fentanyl—a potent narcotic analgesic. It is commonly used in or after an operative setting, such as during anesthesia or in the recovery room.

What Is Suboxone?

Suboxone is an FDA-approved combination drug used as a stabilization and maintenance therapy for opioid use disorders. It contains the partial opioid receptor agonist buprenorphine and the opioid antagonist naloxone. Suboxone is administered as a dissolvable film placed on the cheek or under the tongue.

What Is Subutex?

Subutex is a brand-name sublingual tablet version of buprenorphine used to treat opioid dependence. Buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist drug and, though it is intended for use as a treatment for opioid use disorder, it is sometimes diverted and abused. Compulsive misuse of buprenorphine can be dangerous, so getting help for Subutex addiction is vital.

What Is Tramadol?

Tramadol is a prescription painkiller that is somewhat unique amongst opioid agonist drugs due to its serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibiting properties. Its primary use is for pain relief and it is administered in tablet form. Due to its atypical neurochemical effects, after consistent use, abrupt tramadol discontinuation is associated with a somewhat different side effect profile than that of many other opioid drugs. Learn about tramadol withdrawal and tramadol overdose.

What Is Triazolam?

Triazolam is a short-acting benzodiazepine marketed for the treatment of insomnia. Its use for this purpose has largely been supplanted by other, non-benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic sleep aids.

What Is Tussionex?

Tussionex is a prescription medication that contains a combination of hydrocodone and chlorpheniramine. The hydrocodone suppresses coughing, while the other active ingredient is an antihistamine. It is used to relieve symptoms of colds and the flu. Learn about the side effects of Tussionex use.

What Is Ultram?

Ultram is one of several brand formulations of tramadol, an atypical opioid analgesic. Tramadol is indicated for use for moderate-to-severe pain and, in extended-release form, for chronic pain. Ultram is available in tablet form. Learn about the effects of Ultram use.

What Is Valium?

Valium is the trade name for diazepam. In use for more than 50 years, Valium is the archetypal benzodiazepine drug and is used to treat anxiety, seizures, and muscle spasms. It is also used for procedural sedation and to manage acute alcohol withdrawal. Learn about the effects of Valium use, snorting Valium, and Valium overdose.

What Is Vicodin?

Vicodin is a branded formulation of acetaminophen and hydrocodone—the latter an opioid analgesic. This combination painkiller is available as an oral tablet and historically has been prescribed in 5mg, 7.5mg, and 10mg (hydrocodone) doses. Though intended for prescription use, Vicodin, like many prescription opioids, is a commonly diverted and misused drug. Find out more about the harmful effects of Vicodin use and how to help a Vicodin addict here.

What Is Vivitrol?

Vivitrol is a branded formulation of naltrexone—an opioid receptor antagonist used in the treatment of opioid and alcohol use disorders. It is available as an extended-release injectable suspension which is re-administered every 4 weeks. As part of a medication-assisted treatment regimen, Vivitrol is prescribed in conjunction with behavioral health interventions for patients recovering from drug or alcohol addiction.

What Is Xanax?

Xanax is the name brand of the generic drug alprazolam, which is a benzodiazepine. It is available as an immediate-release and extended-release (Xanax XR) tablet, and is prescribed for the short-term management of anxiety and panic disorder. Learn more about the effects of Xanax use.

What Is Xodol?

Xodol is a prescription painkiller formulated with a combination of an opioid (hydrocodone) and the analgesic/antipyretic acetaminophen. Xodol is indicated for use for moderate pain.

What Is Zolpidem?

Zolpidem is a sedative-hypnotic medication used in the treatment of insomnia. The drug is available in several formulations, including as both immediate- and extended-release tablets, sublingual dissolvable tabs, and a metered oral spray. Learn about the long-term side effects of zolpidem use and treating zolpidem dependence.

Additional Resources on Health Insurance Providers and Coverage Levels

Visit the links below to find out about your health insurance coverage levels, how to get your insurance company to pay for drug and alcohol rehab, and also how to pay if you don’t have insurance.

Recommended Drug and Alcohol Rehab-Related Articles

Whether you’re looking for a specific type of rehab treatment, substance-related info., or additional guides, below are some of our most popular and recommended resources.

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