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  • Long-Term Side Effects of Zolpidem Abuse

    What Is Zolpidem Used For? Zolpidem is a hypnotic, or sleep-promoting substance found in some prescription insomnia medications, including the sleeping pill Ambien. 1 As a sedative-hypnotic substance, zolpidem use can impart a sense of euphoria and ...

    ... , these reactions are dangerous for the user. Adverse Ambien Side Effects Ambien side effects range from mildly unpleasant to medically dangerous. Some common short-term side effects include, but are not limited to: 1,2 ... continue reading
  • Zolpidem Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Treatment Programs

    What Is Zolpidem? Zolpidem tartrate is a sedative-hypnotic agent found in many prescription sleep aid drugs used to treat insomnia. 1 The most widely known brand name formulation of zolpidem in the U.S. is Ambien. The pharmacological effects of ...

    ... addiction , and zolpidem users may find themselves addicted after long-term use/misuse of the drug. 6,7 Those with a ... following articles: “The Ambien Effect” Effects of Ambien Use How to Help an Ambien Addict To join the ... continue reading
  • Snorting Ambien Side Effects, Dangers, Overdose, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Ambien Used For? The sleep aid Ambien (generic name: zolpidem ) is a prescription medication used in the treatment of insomnia in adults. 1 It works by slowing down brain activity to help users fall and stay asleep. Zolpidem is similar in ...

    ... Please contact us free at . Ambien Side Effects Ambien has many side effects that may present in those who take ... like in-facility , outpatient , and longer-term residential treatment , the individual will participate ... continue reading
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  • Ambien Overdose Symptoms, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Treatment

    What Is Ambien Used For? Ambien—also known by the generic name zolpidem—is a non-benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic medication frequently prescribed to people who suffer from insomnia. Ambien works by slowing certain brain activity, encouraging ...

    ... someone you care about experiences these side effects, do not drive or operate machinery. If ... long-term damage or death. Ambien Overdose Risk Factors Individuals who are over the age of 65 are at increased risk of Ambien ... continue reading
  • Concurrent Alcohol and Ambien Abuse

    Ambien is the brand name for the sedative-hypnotic (i.e. sleep aid) drug, zolpidem. It is a central nervous system depressant, meaning that it slows down brain activity. Ambien is available in both immediate and extended release formulations. Drugs ...

    ... Ambien addict now. Combined Effects of Ambien and Alcohol Abuse Along with the detrimental short-term effects of Ambien abuse , there are several long-term ... , with the added sedative effect from Ambien, the dangers can be ... continue reading
  • Diazepam Abuse Side Effects, Overdose, and Addiction Treatment

    Diazepam is the generic name for Valium . It is one of many benzodiazepine substances that affect the central nervous system (CNS) by amplifying the depressant effects of GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, to subsequently decrease brain activity. ...

    ... , and prescription sleep aids (e.g. Ambien). Valium Side Effects In a dose-dependent manner, diazepam use ... Delusions. Nightmares. Sleeping problems. Effects of Diazepam Addiction Long-term abuse of diazepam can have ... continue reading
  • 5 Scary Side Effects of Ambien Sleeping Pills

    We've all been there—you can't sleep, and you're left tossing and turning in your bed. You know that getting a good night's sleep is one of the best ways to take care of yourself, but you can't seem to shut your eyes. It's debatable what's leading ...

    ... a cost. Here's a look at five possible side effects of Ambien you'll want to consider before use. 4,5 Increases ... .” Using Ambien for longer-than-recommended durations of time and, especially, misusing Ambien by taking ... continue reading
  • Ambien: Sweet Dreams or Total Nightmare?

    Kate bolted out of bed at the sound of her doorbell. It was 3am; she couldn't imagine who would be at the door. She rushed to the foyer to find her best friend, Nicole, standing on her porch, dressed in her PJs. In a crazed, trance-like state, ...

    ... and a half-conscious state can create very dangerous situations for Ambien users. Dreaming of Better Sleep… Despite these dangerous side effects, Ambien has remained one of the top-prescribed medications in the country ... continue reading
  • Drugs A-Z

    What Is Acamprosate? Acamprosate is thought to help recovering alcoholics stay sober by balancing inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmission. Acamprosate may be combined with behavioral therapy to decrease a person's chances of relapse and ...

    ... in capsule or pill form. Learn about the long-term effects of ecstasy use . What Is Fentanyl? Fentanyl ... somewhat supplanted by non-benzodiazepine hypnotic drugs such as Ambien. What Is Hash? Hashish , often referred to ... continue reading
  • Addiction Self-Assessment Quizzes for Drugs and Alcohol

    Use the following self-assessment quizzes to better understand common signs, symptoms, and behavioral changes related to substance misuse and addiction. The questions used in the following self-assessments are based on the diagnostic criteria ...

    ... potential heroin misuse. Ambien Addiction Self-Assessment Quiz This 5-minute Ambien addiction self-assessment quiz ... a dissociative anesthetic that may have hallucinogenic effects. While this assessment does not replace a ... continue reading
  • Overdosing on Sleep Medication Is a Big Problem

    According to a recent survey , 69 percent of primary care patients complain of insomnia and other sleep issues. To solve the problem, doctors often prescribe sleeping pills or hypnotic medications. However, many people end up using these drugs for ...

    ... meant to treat short-term bouts of insomnia. Brand names include Ambien , Ambien CR, Edular, Intermezzo, ... powerful chemicals to do one thing has knock-on effects elsewhere.” One safe and alternate solution for sleep ... continue reading
  • Methadone Maintenance Clinics: Everything You Need to Know

    If you're addicted to opiates, a methadone clinic can provide ongoing medication maintenance to help you quit them. Committing to a methadone maintenance program for at least 1 year will likely change your life for the better and help you commit to ...

    ... , barbiturates, and sleep medications (e.g. Ambien). Remember, the staff members at methadone clinics are ... treatment on the day of your initial assessment, as long as you're eligible. Your initial dosage will not ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Tussionex Addict

    Tussionex is a combination of hydrocodone, an opioid painkiller and cough suppressant, and chlorpheniramine, an antihistamine which eases allergy symptoms 1 . As a cough medicine, Tussionex is frequently prescribed to both children and adults. It is ...

    ... majority of time getting Tussionex, using it, or recovering from its effects. Frequently failing to cut back or stop using the drug. ... Patients often transition into a longer-term recovery program to continue receiving ... continue reading
  • Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms, Detox, and Addiction Treatment Programs

    Marijuana (cannabis, weed, grass, hashish) is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States. According to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an estimated 8.4% of all Americans over the age of 12 (22.2 million people) had used ...

    ... will develop a marijuana use disorder , a medical term that includes marijuana abuse, dependence, and addiction. 3 ... longer than that of most other drugs because the main chemical that produces marijuana's effects ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Codeine Addict

    Helping someone overcome an addiction is sometimes an arduous process, and recovery won't happen overnight. Addiction treatment takes time and often imposes stresses on both the abuser and the people they love. While it may prove difficult, ...

    ... for those with long-standing codeine abuse history to experience hallucinations and delusions . This can be a scary side effect for many, ... Abuse ACTIQ Adderall Alprazolam Ambien Ativan Barbiturates Benzodiazepines ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Vicodin Addict

    Help for Vicodin Addiction Vicodin is one of the many brand names for the combination of acetaminophen and hydrocodone . Hydrocodone is an opioid used to treat moderate and severe pain , as well as being a treatment for coughs. The acetaminophen is ...

    ... than prescribed? Do you need to take more and more to feel the effects of the drug (a sign of tolerance)? Have you ever referred to ... Abuse ACTIQ Adderall Alprazolam Ambien Ativan Barbiturates Benzodiazepines Clonazepam ... continue reading
  • Getting Help for Xanax Addiction: Xanax Addiction Treatment

    What Is Xanax Used For? Xanax—also known by its generic name alprazolam —is a benzodiazepine that comes in either tablet or capsule form. It's used to manage anxiety and panic disorders. Sometimes called “purple footballs,” “bars,” or ...

    ... you may begin taking the drug and discover that you no longer feel the effects as strongly as you did when you first began using it ... Abuse ACTIQ Adderall Alprazolam Ambien Ativan Barbiturates Benzodiazepines Clonazepam ... continue reading
  • How to Help Someone With Alcohol Addiction

    In the United States, alcohol use is highly prevalent. According to the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, around 138 million people, or 50% of those people aged 12 and older, reported prior month use of alcohol. 1 You may be concerned ...

    ... treatment for an adequate length of time is critical to long-term recovery, with longer stays in treatment associated with better outcomes. 9 How ... is and its effects: ACTIQ Adderall Alprazolam Ambien Ativan Barbiturates ... continue reading
  • Alcohol Misuse and Addiction: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment

    What Is Alcohol Misuse? According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), alcohol is the most commonly used and misused substance in the United States. 1 Those who misuse alcohol are not necessarily addicted or ...

    ... s effects may include: 2,5,16 Nausea. Vomiting. Headaches. Slurred speech. Impaired judgment. Anxiety . Insomnia. Trouble concentrating. Memory loss. Problems breathing. The risk of significant personal harm or long-term ... continue reading
  • How to Help Someone With Adderall Addiction

    Help for Adderall Addicts Adderall is the brand name for a drug that contains two active ingredients: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine . These ingredients work to stimulate and speed up the body. Doctors use this drug in the treatment of ...

    ... common in those who: Take the medication for longer than the doctor prescribes. Increase their dosages without ... mixed with alcohol , as it reduces the perceived effects of alcohol. This leads to increased alcohol intake, ... continue reading
  • Ways of Helping Someone With Drug or Alcohol Addiction

    Seeking Drug Addiction Help If you have a loved one who is struggling with drug or alcohol addiction, it can be difficult to watch them. You may be wondering how to help them with their substance abuse issues. They might be ready to quit and ...

    ... or act angry. Enable the person. What Are the Effects of Addiction on Family And Friends? Alcohol and drug ... 1 adult who has a substance use disorder. 10 The long-term impact of alcohol and drug abuse on family members can ... continue reading
  • Common Street Names for Drugs

    People actively misusing legal or illicit substances use slang terms for many reasons—ranging from avoiding detection by law enforcement to ensuring privacy in written and verbal communication. If you suspect that someone you love is misusing ...

    ... identify. Many slang terms are derived from: The color, shape, or consistency of the drug. The effects the drug provides. ... Rophies Sleeping Pills Prescription sleep aids like Ambien , Lunesta, and Sonata: Forget-Me Pill ... continue reading
  • Risk of Counterfeit and Laced Drugs

    Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health found that approximately 27 million people aged 12 and older were current illicit drug users. This figure amounts to 1 in every 10 people having used illegal drugs in the past month. With ...

    ... or fake, you may take more to feel the desired effects, which increases your risk of overdose . The popular party ... cites an incident in which people ordered drugs like Ambien , Xanax, Lexapro, and Ativan over the Internet ... continue reading
  • How to Help an Opana Addict

    How to Approach an Opana Addict Opana is the brand name for oxymorphone, a semi-synthetic opioid painkiller . Over the past decade, increased availability of painkillers has fueled an epidemic of opioid abuse around the world. In the US, an ...

    ... to stop using drugs (e.g. physical and psychological effects). The cost of treatment. That treatment hasn't worked ... reward centers of the brain. The combined effect of activation on opioid receptors and heightened ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Tramadol Addict

    Help for Tramadol Addiction If you have been struggling with an addiction to tramadol, or you know someone who has, finding the proper treatment program is essential. Treatment for addiction can restore your quality of life. Regardless of how long ...

    ... Tramadol Addictive Tramadol History and Statistics Tramadol Long-Term Side Effects Tramadol Overdose Tramadol Withdrawal How to Help ... Abuse ACTIQ Adderall Alprazolam Ambien Ativan Barbiturates Benzodiazepines Clonazepam ... continue reading
  • How to Help Someone With Valium Addiction

    How to Help Someone Addicted to Valium If you are addicted to Valium—a sedative-hypnotic drug—you don't have to fight your addiction alone. Treatment programs give people with addictions all the support they need to recover. Regardless of how ...

    ... CRAFT may help families and individuals find long-term healing. Valium Addiction Treatment Valium addiction ... is taken for a long period of time. To learn more about the dangerous effects attributed to Valium abuse ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Painkillers Addict

    Help for Painkiller Addicts Painkillers are routinely prescribed in the United States for the management of pain , but not all of them are addictive. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often prescribed for the treatment of mild to ...

    ... are only intended to be used on a short-term basis and as directed. When these drugs are ... numerous signs of addiction, but as with all drugs, the effects of painkiller use narrow down to a central definition: You are ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Methadone Addict

    Help for Methadone Addicts Methadone is an opioid drug; however, it is beneficial in the treatment of heroin dependence and other forms of opiate abuse. While it is regularly used in the management of opioid dependence, methadone itself is ...

    ... a longer-acting, relatively less potent opiate, it's unable to elicit quite as intense an effect profile ... ? If you keep taking the drug regardless of its negative effects on your life, you need immediate help as you may be ... continue reading
  • 4 Long-Term Effects of Smoking Marijuana

    4 states—Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington—and Washington D.C. have legalized marijuana. With these changes in policy, a big question on everyone's mind is, what are the long term effects of marijuana use? How does marijuana use affect ...

    ... young people and their marijuana use through adulthood (NIDA, 2016). Not only will this study examine the long-term effects of marijuana and THC, but it will provide insight on how the drug affects an adolescent's brain ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Diazepam Abuse—Short-Term and Long-Term Effects

    Diazepam is a benzodiazepine commonly prescribed under the brand name Valium. This substance depresses the central nervous system (CNS) to manage: 1,2 Anxiety. Muscle spasms. Seizures. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Is Diazepam Harmful? Despite ...

    ... . Prescription painkillers . Barbiturates . Certain cold or cough medications, like dextromethorphan (DXM) . Long-Term Effects of Diazepam Abuse Diazepam can contribute to numerous physical and mental symptoms over the ... continue reading
  • Vyvanse Side Effects, Short-Term and Long-Term Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Vyvanse Used For? Vyvanse is a brand name for the medication lisdexamfetamine that is prescribed to treat Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and binge-eating disorders. 1,2 Vyvanse belongs to a class of medicines known as ...

    ... abuse include: 5,6,7 Malnutrition. Stunted height and weight in children. Paranoia. Hostility. Psychosis. Effects of long-term abuse may vary depending on the method of administration. Intravenous users are at risk for ... continue reading
  • Understanding the Effects of Long Term Drug Abuse on the Brain

    Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease, and it can cause you to compulsively seek out drugs even though you're aware of the harmful results taking them can cause. Initially, your choice to take drugs is voluntary. So, if someone offers you drugs, ...

    ... referred to as a tolerance, and the danger and effects of drug abuse that leads many addicts to hospitalization ... same feeling as the first time. The brain undergoes long-term changes during drug abuse . If the brain has ... continue reading
  • The Side Effects of Xanax: Pill Use and Short-Term and Long-Term Effects

    What Is Xanax Used For? Xanax (generic name: alprazolam) is a powerful benzodiazepine drug that is used to treat anxiety and panic disorders by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain. 1,2 The medication comes in the form of a pill that quickly ...

    ... risk of adverse side effects and benzodiazepine overdose . What Are the Long-Term Effects of Xanax Use? When ... frequency of use to achieve the same or similar effect that the substance had on you when you began taking ... continue reading
  • Kratom Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Kratom? Kratom ( Mitragyna speciosa ) is a tree-like plant from Southeast Asia that belongs to the same family of plants as coffee and gardenias. Kratom has been used as an herbal remedy in Thailand and neighboring countries for hundreds of ...

    ... on the central nervous system and Krypton use has been blamed for several deaths in Sweden. Long-Term Effects of Kratom Use Judging by research done on chronic, high-dose kratom users in Thailand, there are several ... continue reading
  • Effects of Cocaine Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment Programs

    Cocaine is a Schedule II illegal stimulant drug that is highly addictive. It is often used recreationally, and there is a range of dangers associated with the use of cocaine. This page will talk about: What cocaine is and how it is used. Cocaine's ...

    ... aren't working and increasing the risk of overdose or organ damage. 2,6 Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Use Long-term side effects of cocaine can be wide-ranging and harmful, impacting physical and mental health in ... continue reading
  • Effects of Peyote Abuse: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Peyote Used For? Peyote (or mescaline) belongs to a class of drugs known as hallucinogens. Mescaline is the active hallucinogenic ingredient in peyote, which is a small, spineless cactus. 1 The top, or crown, of the peyote cactus has ...

    ... . Muscle weakness. Impaired motor skills and coordination. Loss of appetite. Nausea or vomiting. Sleep difficulties. The long-term effects of peyote use on the body are not well known and require more research. This drug ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Dextroamphetamine Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Dextroamphetamine? Dextroamphetamine is a prescription stimulant used in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Dextroamphetamine is commonly found under the brand names Dexedrine and ProCentra, as ...

    ... combined with other substances. Long-Term Effects of Abusing Dextroamphetamine Long-term use of this substance can ... effect of chronic abuse is psychosis that is “clinically indistinguishable from schizophrenia.” Long-term ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Demerol Use: Short-Term Effects, Long-Term Effects and Treatment

    What Is Demerol Used For? Demerol is a prescription opioid painkiller with effects similar to those of the illicit opiate drug heroin, including the production of a pleasant, euphoric state among those who use it. Demerol is a branded formulation of ...

    ... . Short-Term Effects of Demerol Use As a broad class of drugs, opiates have an analgesic—or painkilling—effect on the ... Seizures. Long-Term Effects of Demerol Abuse Abusing Demerol may lead to serious long-term effects on ... continue reading
  • Effects of Hashish Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Hashish? Hashish comes mainly from the flowers (as well as the leaves and stems) of the cannabis plant. The active ingredient in hash is the same as the active ingredient in marijuana, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, the ...

    ... attacks, confusion, and a sense of a loss of control. An inability to make sound decisions. Long-Term Effects of Abusing Hashish Individuals who chronically use or abuse hashish or other cannabis products may have issues ... continue reading
  • Long-Term Alcohol and Drug Rehab Programs

    Alcohol and drug abuse can be challenging to overcome on your own. Many people seek treatment to help them stop the cycle of substance use and start the path to recovery. Finding the appropriate long-term drug rehab center for your needs may be a ...

    ... facilities across the country. If you (or someone you care about) is struggling and you think you may benefit from a long-term program, AAC is here to help. You can call us free at to locate a rehab near you. You can ... continue reading
  • Short-Term Effects, Long-Term Effects, and Side Effects of DMT Misuse

    Is DMT Harmful? DMT (dimethyltryptamine) is a hallucinogenic compound found naturally in a variety of plant species and produced endogenously in the human brain. Although the brain produces it naturally, the compound itself is still a Schedule 1 ...

    ... ). Coma and/or respiratory arrest (reported in high doses). Long-Term Effects of DMT Abuse More research needs to be done in order to determine the long-term negative effects of DMT abuse. As of now, research has not ... continue reading
  • Effects of Psilocybin Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    Is Psilocybin Harmful? Psilocybin is a naturally occurring fungal alkaloid—a chemical compound that is found in more than 100 species of mushrooms (also known as magic mushrooms or shrooms). 1 When ingested, psilocybin is metabolized into a ...

    ... reported to develop even after a single use of psilocybin, the risks of experiencing these adverse effects may be increased with long-term use: 1,2 Drug-induced psychosis, a condition in which a person's thoughts become ... continue reading
  • What Are Hallucinogens? Short- and Long-Term Side Effects and Treatment

    Hallucinogens are drugs that alter the user's thinking processes and perception in a manner that leads to significant distortions of reality. 1 To many, the influence of these drugs represents experiences of new and even expanded consciousness and, ...

    ... use doesn't appear to cause tolerance and there is little evidence surrounding the long-term effects of ayahuasca use. The tea doesn't appear to cause any lasting physical or mental health problems . 15 PCP Phencyclidine ... continue reading
  • Effects of Desoxyn Abuse: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Desoxyn Used For? Desoxyn is a prescription drug that is indicated to treat two conditions: 1,2 Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children 6 and older. Exogenous obesity (obesity due to overeating) in individuals 12 years ...

    ... . Auditory, visual, and tactile hallucinations. Violence. Extreme weight loss. Stroke. Heart attack. Death. Long-Term Effects on the Brain Long-term Desoxyn use can affect the way the brain functions . As one of its ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Adderall Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Adderall Used For? Adderall is a form of amphetamine prescribed for the treatment of: 1 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Narcolepsy. It is available in 2 forms : immediate release and extended release. 1 Both forms are ...

    ... Short-Term Effects When used for short periods as prescribed by a physician, Adderall has the positive effect of ... Paranoia. Long-Term Effects Of Adderall Use Chronic abuse of Adderall may result in effects such as ... continue reading
  • Barbiturates Side Effects: Short-Term, Long-Term, and Addiction Treatment

    What Are Barbiturates Used For? Barbiturates are members of a broad class of drugs called sedatives that have historically been prescribed for the treatment of anxiety, insomnia, and seizures. However, prolonged use at increasing doses may have ...

    ... barbiturates have side effect profiles. Chronic abuse of barbiturates can produce a number of adverse effects, such as ... due to respiratory suppression. Long-Term Effects of Barbiturates Long-term use and abuse of ... continue reading
  • Effects of Benzodiazepine Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    Are Benzodiazepines Harmful? Benzodiazepines, or “benzos,” are drugs prescribed to help control anxiety and seizure disorders. They are central nervous depressants, which means that they slow brain activity. Taken in small doses over short ...

    ... , such as assault or burglary. While these long-term effects do not occur in all users, they are ... it takes greater amounts of the drug to achieve the same effect as a smaller dose previously did. This tolerance can occur ... continue reading
  • Effects of Spice Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    Is Spice Harmful? “Spice” (synthetic marijuana) has grown in popularity in recent years. Synthetic marijuana is sold under a variety of names other than “Spice,” including: K2. Skunk. Moon rocks. Potpourri. Substances like Spice and ...

    ... . Myocardial ischemia. Vomiting. Hallucinations. Paranoia. Severe anxiety . Panic attacks. Aggression. Long-Term Effects of Spice Use The long-term effects of Spice use are largely unknown due to the drug's status as a ... continue reading
  • Effects of Lortab Use—Short-Term, Long-Term, and Side Effects

    What Is Lortab Used For? Lortab is the combination of hydrocodone —an opiate used to manage pain—and acetaminophen , an over-the-counter analgesic and antipyretic (fever reducer) that augments the pain-relieving effects of hydrocodone . Lortab ...

    ... situation can occur with the acetaminophen in Lortab as well. Lortab Long-Term Effects In addition to the potentially damaging health effects of both hydrocodone and acetaminophen, a Lortab addiction can bring about ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Ritalin Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Ritalin Used For? Ritalin (generic name: methylphenidate) is a stimulant prescribed to reduce the effects of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It is also sometimes prescribed for the ...

    ... . Respiratory depression. Chest pain. Raised or lowered blood pressure. Long-Term Effects of Ritalin Use The long-term effects of methylphenidate use may include: Disorientation and apathy. Delusions, hallucinations ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Dilaudid Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects and Treatment

    Dilaudid Uses Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is an opioid analgesic prescribed to relieve pain. It is available in hospital settings as an injectable solution, or it may be prescribed in either an oral solution or tablet form. Its use is frequently ...

    ... problems, as well as social and legal problems in one's life. Some of the many recognized long-term effects of abusing Dilaudid include: Infections and diseases from needle sharing (HIV, hepatitis, etc.). Track marks on ... continue reading
  • What Does Acid Do to You? Short-Term, Long-Term, and Side Effects of Acid (LSD)

    What Is LSD (Acid)? D-lysergic acid diethylamide, better known as LSD or “acid,” is a hallucinogenic drug made from lysergic acid, a natural chemical found in a fungus that grows on rye called Claviceps purpurea . LSD was first created in 1938 ...

    ... negative effect on other aspects of a user's life. The distressing effects of a bad trip normally ease when the drug wears off. However, they can persist for weeks or months in some users. 2 These long-term side effects ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Alprazolam Use—Short-Term, Long-Term and Side Effects

    Is Alprazolam Harmful? Alprazolam (trade name: Xanax ) is a sedative drug in the benzodiazepine class, indicated for the management of some forms of anxiety and panic disorders. The substance—like all benzodiazepines—has central nervous system ...

    ... an overview of the growing Xanax epidemic in the US. Credit: Newsy Science Long-Term Effects of Alprazolam Use One serious long-term effect of alprazolam use is the possibility—if not inevitability—of physical dependence ... continue reading
  • Effects of Hydromorphone Abuse: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Hydromorphone Used For? Hydromorphone (brand names: Dilaudid, Exalgo) is a powerful semi-synthetic opioid painkiller used in both hospital settings and as part of a long-term treatment regimen for significant pain in opioid-tolerant ...

    ... While the drug has some inherent dangers (possible side effects) even when used as directed, the risk of harm ... Hydromorphone Addiction Arguably, the most damaging long-term effect of hydromorphone abuse is the development ... continue reading
  • Effects of Flakka Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    Is Flakka Harmful? Flakka is a street drug with origins in South Florida. One of the newer chemicals in the booming category of synthetic or designer drugs, Flakka is typically made from a synthetic version of an amphetamine-like stimulant in the ...

    ... of Flakka can rival those of some of the strongest crystal meth and cocaine . Long-Term Effects of Flakka Use Long-term effects of Flakka use are not yet published. Flakka is one of the more recent synthetic drugs ... continue reading
  • Effects of Ultram Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    Ultram (trade name: tramadol ) is an opiate analgesic typically prescribed for pain that is moderate to moderately severe. When introduced, it was regarded as having a very low potential for addiction; however, its incidence of abuse and dependency ...

    ... Ultram addiction , which indicates continual cravings for the drug and opioid withdrawal symptoms when not using. Long-term effects of abuse and addiction to Ultram also follow the path of any addiction when it comes to ... continue reading
  • Effects of Phenobarbital Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Phenobarbital Used For? Phenobarbital, marketed under the trade names Luminal and Solfoton, is a barbiturate that is typically prescribed for patients suffering from seizures, tics or repetitive motor disorders, and Tourette's syndrome. It ...

    ... pre-existing depressive episodes and thoughts of suicide in some users. Long-Term Side Effects of Phenobarbital Abuse As for the adverse long-term effects of phenobarbital abuse, addiction as a whole can ultimately be ... continue reading
  • Effects of Crystal Meth Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Methamphetamine Used For? Methamphetamine is a highly addictive stimulant that can have long-lasting effects on the body. This is a man-made substance that—with the advent of other more efficacious prescription stimulants—now has limited ...

    ... the severity of any dependency that may be present. Methamphetamine assessment Test Long-Term Effects of Crystal Meth Use When taken over a long period of time, crystal meth can cause severe physical and psychological ... continue reading
  • Effects of Stimulant Drugs: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Are Stimulants Used For? Stimulants are a class of substances that increase certain types of cell signaling and amplify various physiologic processes throughout the brain and body. In particular, many types of stimulant drugs are associated ...

    ... the ugly truth behind euphoric stimulant highs. Stimulant Dependence If the prospect of incurring the above long-term health effects isn't already bad enough, a chronic stimulant user is also at high risk of developing ... continue reading
  • Effects of Bath Salts Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    Are Bath Salts Harmful? The term “bath salts” refers to a family of designer recreational drugs that contain one or more synthetic chemicals related to cathinone —a stimulant found in the khat plant with effects similar to those of amphetamine ...

    ... overlapping addiction profiles for bath salts and other stimulants. Long-Term Effects of Bath Salts Use The long-term effects of bath salts include many serious side effects that can result in serious injury or death. In ... continue reading
  • Effects of Methoxetamine Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    Is MXE Harmful? MXE, also known as methoxetamine, is a substance with similar chemical properties to ketamine and phencyclidine (PCP) , two illicit drugs known for their hallucinogenic and dissociative properties. 1 MXE is an odorless, white powder ...

    ... Nausea. Vomiting. Long-Term Effects of Abusing MXE Unfortunately, the long-term negative effects of MXE use ... an effect with the same amount of a drug or needing larger amounts in order to achieve the desired effects). ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Vicodin Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Vicodin Used For? Vicodin is an prescription painkiller medication that is comprised of two substances: Hydrocodone . Acetaminophen . Hydrocodone is an opiate drug that works as a pain reliever and is useful in managing multiple levels of ...

    ... overdose is also markedly increased when the drug is mixed with alcohol or other intoxicating substances. Long-Term Effects of Vicodin Use Long-term Vicodin use has the ability to make people overlook its negative side ... continue reading
  • Effects of Alcohol Use: Short-Term, Long-Term, Side Effects, and Treatment

    While alcohol is widely used in the United States, it can have an array of harmful effects. A 2019 survey reported that 85.6% of Americans aged 18 and over had consumed alcohol at some time in their life, nearly 70% of people had consumed alcohol ...

    ... -term effects of alcohol on the body and brain, the long-term effects of alcohol on the body and brain, effects ... , domestic violence, or sexual assault. One common side effect of alcohol is a hangover. This is a cluster ... continue reading
  • Effects of Roxicodone Addiction

    Roxicodone (“Roxy”) is one available brand version of oxycodone—a powerful semi-synthetic opioid painkiller. 1,2 The medicinal effect of opioids like oxycodone is brought on by a change in the way the brain and body respond to pain. Rather ...

    ... program today. Oxy's Short-Term Effects The primary short-term effect of Roxicodone, like other prescription opioids ... abstinence syndrome). There is also evidence linking long-term opioid abuse to brain damage. 7 The ... continue reading
  • Hash Side Effects, Symptoms of Abuse, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Hashish? Hashish is a product extracted from the trichomes (fine hair-like outgrowths) of the cannabis plant, as well as from the flowers and fragments of leaves and stems. Hashish is typically sold in blocks of solid resinous preparations, ...

    ... motivation. Impaired ability to pay attention. Delusional thoughts. Hallucinations. Learn more about the effects of hashish use . Long-Term Effects of Hash Abuse Using hash over an extended period of time may produce a ... continue reading
  • Steroid Abuse Side Effects, Signs, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is a Steroid? Steroids are lifesavers in many situations. For example, corticosteroids open up the lungs to allow for increased breathing during asthma attacks. However, there are different types of steroids. Some steroids can be incredibly ...

    ... lead to increased body hair and menstrual irregularities . It can also permanently deepen the voice. Long-term effects of steroid use for both sexes include increases in cholesterol and elevated blood pressure . Steroid ... continue reading
  • Effects of Smoking Marijuana While Pregnant and How to Quit Weed Smoking Weed

    Effects of Marijuana on a Developing Fetus Although marijuana is one of the most widely used illicit drugs, there is limited data on the prevalence of marijuana use among pregnant women. One report estimated marijuana use during pregnancy to be ...

    ... that marijuana use during pregnancy can alter the course of normal brain development, 9 the long-term effects of human intrauterine exposure to marijuana is poorly understood. 10 The active ingredient in marijuana ... continue reading
  • OxyContin Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is OxyContin Used For? OxyContin is a branded formulation of the powerful opioid painkiller oxycodone . It is prescribed to manage cases of moderate-to-severe pain. When taken as directed, it is a safe and effective medication, and it has ...

    ... progressed from opiate painkiller abuse to devastating heroin addictions . Credit: Reveal Long-Term Effects of OxyContin Use There are various long-term effects of OxyContin use . According to the DSM-5, the following ... continue reading
  • MXE Drug Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is MXE? Methoxetamine—also known as MXE—is a drug similar to ketamine and known for its hallucinogenic and dissociative properties. 1 MXE (sometimes called “Mexxy,” “M-ket,” “Special M,” or “legal ketamine”) is commonly sold ...

    ... cystitis, leading to severe bladder damage. MXE abuse may also lead to negative life consequences. Possible long-term effects of MXE use include: Isolation from family and friends. Problems in relationships. Legal issues ... continue reading
  • Spice Abuse Signs, Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Spice? “Spice” is a term commonly used to refer to a blend of dried plant material that is laced with a synthetic cannabinoid. It is also regularly referred to as “synthetic marijuana.” Other names include “K2,” “Moon Rocks,” ...

    ... teen is abusing this drug, take the time to talk with them about the risks and potential long-term effects of Spice. Spice Abuse Treatment Types Treatment associated with the abuse of Spice includes medications and other ... continue reading
  • Tussionex Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Treatment

    What Is Tussionex? Tussionex is a prescription medication that includes a combination of chlorpheniramine—an antihistamine 1 —and the opioid painkiller hydrocodone . It is prescribed to treat respiratory symptoms—such as coughs—related to ...

    ... requiring more of the drug to achieve the desired effect or high. Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when Tussionex use is ... and make decisions. 6 Other potential long-term effects of Tussionex or Tussicaps abuse include: ... continue reading
  • DMT Drug Abuse Effects, Symptoms, and Treatment Programs

    What Is DMT? DMT (dimethyltryptamine) is a hallucinogen capable of inducing a psychedelic “trip,” which typically ranges from 30 to 45 minutes in duration. 1 DMT is a Schedule 1 drug under the Controlled Substance Act and has no recognized ...

    ... of addiction to DMT is still not known and more research needs to be conducted to fully determine the long-term effects of use. Unlike other hallucinogens , DMT does not appear to produce physical tolerance in the body ... continue reading
  • Opana Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Opana Used For? Opana is the trade name for the prescription medication oxymorphone—a semi-synthetic opioid painkiller . In various formulations, oxymorphone has been available on the U.S. pharmaceutical market since 1959. In 2006, the FDA ...

    ... in “doctor shopping” to obtain more of the drug. Effects of Opana Abuse Opana Abuse Treatment Chronic use of Opana ... difference in treating your addiction over the long term. While receiving opioid addiction treatment at ... continue reading
  • Effect of Drugs on the Kidneys: How Do Drugs Damage the Kidneys?

    Chronic drug and alcohol misuse can lead to severe kidney damage or failure. The damage is not always direct; some substances may indirectly cause harm to the kidneys via biologic events triggered outside of the renal system itself. These secondary ...

    ... itself. These secondary nephrotoxic effects are often a result of ... Effects of Painkillers on the Kidneys Some opioid painkillers —such as Vicodin and Percocet —contain acetaminophen, commonly marketed as Tylenol. Long-term ... continue reading
  • Soma Abuse Signs, Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Soma Used For? Soma is the trade name for carisoprodol , a muscle relaxant that is prescribed for the treatment of muscle pain and spasms . Soma is often abused for its sedating effects on the user, and the addictive properties of this drug ...

    ... and spasms . Soma is often abused for its sedating effects on the user, and the addictive properties of this ... is typically similar to that of other dugs. Long-term abusers of Soma and/or other drugs often: Continually ... continue reading
  • Roxy Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Roxicodone Used For? Roxicodone (often called “roxies,” “roxy,” or “blues”) is one of the brand names for oxycodone —a powerful opioid prescription painkiller. Roxicodone is prescribed to alleviate pain that cannot be managed ...

    ... semi-synthetic opiate derived from morphine, 2 Roxicodone produces effects similar to those of heroin (e.g. euphoria and ... day. About 25% of people prescribed opioids long-term for non-cancer pain will become addicted to ... continue reading
  • Dextromethorphan (DXM) Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Dextromethorphan Used For? What Is DXM? Dextromethorphan (DXM or DM) is a cough suppressant and opioid derivative used in more than 100 over-the-counter medicines. Dextromethorphan is safe for ingestion and not habit-forming when taken as ...

    ... . Coma. Learn more about the side effects of dextromethorphan use . Dextromethorphan Withdrawal Symptoms Typically, someone who has been using dextromethorphan long-term and suddenly quits will experience withdrawal ... continue reading
  • Naltrexone Side Effects, Use in Addiction Treatment, and Rehab Programs

    For those struggling with alcohol or opioid addiction, what's commonly referred to as MAT—short for medication-assisted treatment or medication for addiction treatment—can help people quit drinking and using drugs to maintain long-term sobriety. ...

    ... quit drinking and using drugs to maintain long-term sobriety. 1 This evidence-based treatment ... while taking naltrexone, some of the reinforcing or euphoric effects of these substances will be diminished. This mechanism is ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Addiction Side Effects, Symptoms, Withdrawal, and Treatment

    Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug that comes in the form of a white powder which is commonly snorted, smoked, or injected. 1 Its popularity as a recreational substance is in part due to its perceived positive effects on mood, ...

    ... neurological changes that affect their lives. Long-term cocaine use is associated with deficits in ... another drug and the user is not aware). 11 Dangerous effects can occur due to polysubstance use. Mixing cocaine with ... continue reading
  • Crystal Meth and Pregnancy | Effects of Smoking Meth While Pregnant

    As methamphetamine use continues to rise, so do treatment and hospital admissions. In 2012, meth ranked first in drug-related treatment admissions in Hawaii and San Diego. 4 Females have also been found to start using meth at a younger age and in ...

    ... that meth is harmful to a developing fetus. 9 Effects of Methamphetamine on Pregnant Women Methamphetamine is a dangerous ... groups can help ensure a woman's long-term recovery success. Contingency management . This is ... continue reading
  • Gabapentin Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, Overdose, & Treatment

    What Is Gabapentin Neurontin? Gabapentin Neurontin is an anticonvulsant that comes in a capsule, tablet, and oral solution. It is used to manage certain seizure disorders, as well as the neuropathic pain phenomenon known as post-herpetic neuralgia ...

    ... of interest. Irritability. Other Gabapentin Side Effects Other gabapentin side effects—which may intensify when you take too ... options available, including: Detox : After long-term or heavy use of gabapentin, the body ... continue reading
  • Tramadol Addiction Symptoms, Side Effects, and Treatment

    Tramadol is an opioid analgesic medication prescribed for pain relief. 1 When it is used as prescribed, tramadol can be effective in managing moderate-to-moderately severe pain. 1 Like other prescription opioid painkillers, tramadol can be easily ...

    ... dependence can still occur, particularly if it is used for long periods of time. 3 With long-term tramadol use, a person's brain can get used to its effects. This is known as tolerance. As a person develops tolerance ... continue reading
  • 25 Harmful Effects of Morphine

    Morphine is an effective pain reliever. It's administered frequently by healthcare professionals. It's prescribed to manage moderate to severe pain after an accident, post-surgery, or for a chronic condition. It's accepted for common use throughout ...

    ... like a positive side effect, it is generally a sign of poor health conditions. Effects That Can Be Lethal ... can be deadly. Additional Reading: Understanding the Effects of Long Term Drug Abuse on the Brain How to Get Help ... continue reading
  • Snorting Adderall: Side Effects and Addiction Treatment

    What Does Adderall Do? Adderall is a prescription stimulant used and abused for its ability to increase energy and mental focus, as well as for its potential to elicit pleasurable feelings at high enough doses. 1 It is prescribed for the treatment ...

    ... and young adults. While Adderall provides users with pleasurable short-term effects similar to those of cocaine, the risk for overdose, addiction, and the long-term consequences of snorting Adderall show that doing so is ... continue reading
  • Naltrexone for Addiction Treatment: Side Effects and Rehabilitation

    Successful addiction treatment can be life-changing, and medication for addiction treatment (MAT) is an effective tool that can promote both abstinence and long-term recovery. Naltrexone is one medication in the MAT armamentarium that is highly ...

    ... today, there are no identified health risks associated with long-term use of naltrexone. 1 Naltrexone Precautions To avoid a heightened risk of adverse effects while taking naltrexone, you should not drink alcohol, take ... continue reading
  • Benzodiazepine Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    Benzodiazepines (benzos) are commonly prescribed medications in the United States. In 2017, there were over 120 million benzodiazepine prescriptions dispensed throughout the country. 1 Benzos belong to a larger group of medications known as ...

    ... concerns , and any history of addiction . Long-term use of benzodiazepines, using higher doses than prescribed ... of the substance to achieve the desired effect, or less effects from the substance even though a person ... continue reading
  • Bath Salts Abuse Side Effects, Symptoms, and Addiction Treatment

    What Are Bath Salts Used For? The drugs widely sold as bath salts and under other similar names are alleged to produce dramatic effects in their users. Perhaps one of the most famous incidents of apparent bath salts abuse involved a spate of ...

    ... Effects of Bath Salts Abuse Long-term abuse of bath salts appears to result in effects similar to those of amphetamines . The side effects ... uncommon. Ultimately, the most dangerous side effect of bath salts use appears to ... continue reading
  • PCP Abuse Symptoms, Side Effects, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is PCP? PCP is phencyclidine. Similar to ketamine, it is a dissociative anesthetic that causes: Hallucinations. Out-of-body experiences. Delusions. Irrationality. The DEA has PCP listed as a Schedule II drug, which means it has a high potential ...

    ... more of the drug to achieve the same effects, the risks of long-term damage are heightened. It has been reported ... it can be planned and timed for maximum effect. Find Phencyclidine Abuse Treatment Programs The Council on ... continue reading
  • Magic Mushroom Abuse Side Effects, Symptoms, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Psilocybin/Magic Mushrooms? Psilocybin is a psychoactive substance contained in over 100 species of mushrooms. A number of these mushroom species produce other psychoactive substances, which act as hallucinogens in a similar manner to ...

    ... research is necessary to investigate these suggested medicinal uses of psilocybin. Short-Term Effects of Magic Mushrooms The short-term effects of psilocybin mushrooms usually appear within 20 to 90 minutes of ingestion ... continue reading
  • Stimulant Drug Abuse: Side Effects and Addiction Treatment

    Stimulants—both illicit and prescription—are known to increase energy and alertness. Prescription stimulants can offer therapeutic benefits when used as prescribed. However, both prescription and illicit stimulants have a high propensity for ...

    ... use or misuse is short- or long-term. The range of adverse health consequences can impact the heart, brain , and teeth. 1,4,6 Some of the effects that can be experienced even with short-term use may include: 1,2,4 ... continue reading
  • Effects of Alcohol and Drugs on the Male and Female Reproductive Systems

    How Do Drugs Affect the Reproductive System? Substance misuse can negatively impact the reproductive health of both sexes in several ways. It may contribute to serious health problems, such as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), infertility, and ...

    ... there is no safe level of drinking during pregnancy. 11 Drinking alcohol while pregnant can lead to serious long-term effects on infants. Alcohol use during the early stages of pregnancy—even before a woman is aware that ... continue reading
  • Crystal Meth Abuse Side Effects, Symptoms, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Crystal Meth Used For? Crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) is a powerful central nervous stimulant with highly addictive properties . Crystal meth is the illicit, crystalline form of methamphetamine. Legally manufactured methamphetamine ...

    ... . Seizures. Respiratory disease. Heart disease. Cardiac arrest. Stroke. Death. Other potential long-term health effects of crystal meth abuse include: Microvascular hemorrhage. Eye damage. Vision impairment. Markedly ... continue reading
  • What Is Crack Cocaine? Side Effects, Crack Withdrawal, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is Crack Cocaine? Crack cocaine is an addictive stimulant drug that is the rock crystal form of powdered cocaine. 1,2,5 Crack cocaine is a more potent form of cocaine that is processed so that it can be smoked, which provides an immediate high. ...

    ... , and a sense of grandiosity. 2,8 There are a range of physical and mental health effects associated with short-term and long-term crack cocaine use, including: 2,6,8,10 Abnormal heart rhythms. Anxiety or panic attacks ... continue reading
  • Barbiturate Abuse Side Effects, Symptoms, and Addiction Treatment

    What Are Barbiturates Used For? Barbiturates are sedative-hypnotic drugs that were once commonly used as sedatives or anti-anxiety medications. A physician must prescribe barbiturates; otherwise, their use is considered illicit. Among their limited ...

    ... or drowsy). Slurred speech. Lack of coordination (users may fall over frequently). Confusion. Long-Term Barbiturate Side Effects A person who is abusing barbiturates will exhibit signs that are similar in presentation to ... continue reading
  • Acid Drug Abuse Side Effects, Symptoms, and Addiction Treatment

    What Is LSD or Acid? D-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD, acid, blotter) belongs to a group of drugs known as hallucinogens. Like other hallucinogens such as peyote (mescaline) and psilocybin (magic mushrooms) , LSD produces images, sounds, and other ...

    ... at to learn about available treatment options. There are many resources out there to treat the short- and long-term effects of using LSD and help you start on the path of recovery. LSD Addiction Treatment Levels of Care ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of ACTIQ Abuse

    ACTIQ is a brand name for fentanyl, an extremely powerful opioid painkiller that is used only for severe pain such as breakthrough cancer pain 1 . Fentanyl is available in a number of formulations and delivery methods, including 2,3,4 : Tablets and ...

    ... levels of this drug (and/or repeated administration) before the antidote takes effect 2 . Long-Term Effects of Abuse In the long term, someone abusing ACTIQ could see an increase in severity and frequency of appearance ... continue reading
  • 5 Psychological Side Effects of Percocet

    Percocet is a combination of acetaminophen and oxycodone, landing this medication in a family of drugs known as opioids . They're commonly prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain and work by blocking the pain signals sent to your brain. Percocet ...

    ... , nausea, headache, dizziness and dry mouth. Danger Ahead: Side Effects of Percocet Long-term use or abuse of Percocet has many adverse side effects . Among them are serious psychological problems that can include ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Klonopin Use, Overdose and Addiction Treatment

    Klonopin —known commonly by its generic name clonazepam —is a prescription drug commonly prescribed to manage panic, anxiety and seizure disorders. Klonopin belongs to the benzodiazepine class of drugs—a broad group of central nervous system ...

    ... seek emergency assistance immediately. Klonopin's Long-Term Effects As use of Klonopin continues, the ... order to experience the drug's intended effects. Tolerance is a natural effect of continued use of medication; however, ... continue reading
  • Peyote Drug Addiction Symptoms, Side Effects, and Treatment Types

    What Is Peyote Used For? Peyote (“buttons,” “mesc,” “cactus”) is a cactus plant consumed for its hallucinogenic properties and ability to alter a user's thoughts, feelings, and perceptions. 1 The top of the cactus plant that protrudes ...

    ... exaggerate the effects of drugs to scare teens, which often has the reverse effect. Providing ... can lead to changes in the brain that can have long-term effects on motivation, memory, learning, judgment, and impulse control ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Opana Use

    Is Opana Harmful? Opana is a prescription opioid pain-reliever containing the active ingredient oxymorphone. Oxymorphone is a semi-synthetic opioid agonist, meaning it binds to the opioid receptors in your brain to elicit its effects. You may have ...

    ... in turn, suffer lasting effects of depriving your brain of oxygen such as difficulties with attention and memory. The common side effect of constipation may also be harmful to the body over the long-term and can lead to ... continue reading
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