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How Do Opiates Affect the Brain

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  • Why Are Prescription Opiates So Addictive?

    Prescription opiates - such as Vicodin , Percocet , and OxyContin - are narcotic medications used for pain management. These drugs are often referred to as “opioids,” which are synthetic and semi-synthetic derivatives of the active “opiate” ...

    ... department visits involving nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals involved prescription opiates. Addictive Properties of Prescription Opiates Prescription opiates affect the brain the same way morphine and heroin do. They ... continue reading
  • How to Help an Opiate Addict

    Help for Opiates Addicts Opiates are some of the most abused drugs in America, with prescription opiates accounting for up to 5.1 million cases of addiction. Around 210 million doses of opiates, including morphine , OxyContin and Vicodin , were ...

    ... the opium poppy. Effectively, all opiates affect the body in the same way. Opiates are prescribed for treating moderate to ... , meaning it blocks opioid receptors in the brain. This drug works to prevent opioid abuse by ... continue reading
  • Prescription Opioid Addiction

    Prescription opioids are medications to treat moderate to severe pain after surgery, an injury, or specific medical conditions such as cancer. 1 Prescription opioids have become increasingly accepted as treatment for other types of chronic pain, ...

    ... the body in a number of ways from mild side effects to long-term health effects. The way they affect the brain's reward circuit is particularly significant as it can cause a person to want to use them repeatedly, which ... continue reading
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  • Percocet Abuse

    Since the mid-1990s, rates of prescription drug abuse have skyrocketed. Today, the widespread abuse of prescription medication—whether it involves opioid painkillers, sedatives or stimulants—is being recognized as a serious national health ...

    ... morphine, Percocet affects the brain and the central nervous system, changing the way the brain perceives pain ... abuse and addiction to this prescription opiate. A major sign of opiate abuse is taking more of the ... continue reading
  • Morphine Abuse

    What Is Morphine? Morphine is the primary chemical component in opium. It is an opioid analgesic drug that is used to treat severe pain, and it is regarded as the gold standard of pain relievers. Use can create a high that includes feelings of ...

    ... and more to achieve the desired effect. Certain reinforcing brain patterns may develop as a person obsesses over the drug ... of drugs like morphine . Prescription opiate abuse has affected a huge portion of our population ... continue reading
  • Are Prescription Painkillers as Addictive as Heroin?

    The Link Between Painkillers and Heroin According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), in 2011, 4.2 million Americans aged 12 or over had used heroin at least once in their lives. Of these users, an estimated 23% will go on to become ...

    ... be prescribed. The active opioid/opiate molecules in both painkillers and heroin attach themselves to opioid receptors in the brain. This provides pain relief and affects the brain's reward pathways by triggering a large ... continue reading
  • Is Fentanyl Abuse More Deadly Than Heroin?

    Fentanyl, a drug previously unheard of by many, has become notorious in recent years due to the spike in overdose deaths from heroin laced with the potent prescription narcotic. It gained even more notoriety when the April 2016 death of iconic ...

    ... the pain signal sent from the body to the brain. In essence, opiate and opioid drugs don't make your pain go ... in the number of seizures 6 . Of those states affected, Florida and Ohio are of extreme concern due to sharp ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Fentanyl Addict

    Fentanyl is an opiate narcotic used to relieve severe pain, such as breakthrough cancer pain. It is extremely potent - 50-100 times more potent than morphine and 30-50 times more potent than heroin . Fentanyl is often mixed with heroin or cocaine ...

    ... addiction. Like other opiates, it interacts with the body's opiate receptors, which are the parts of the brain that help to ... Family educational programs, which helps those affected by the addicted family member, healing ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Hydrocodone Addict

    If an addiction to hydrocodone is consuming your life or the life of someone you care about, you're not alone. Help is available, and it isn't hard to find when you know where to look. How to Approach a Hydrocodone Addict The abuse of hydrocodone ...

    ... pain. The medication works by altering the way your brain and nervous system respond to pain. According to the ... body relies on hydrocodone to function correctly and it's affecting you in other areas of your life, you may ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Painkiller Use

    A painkiller can be any one of a number of drugs, from over-the-counter (OTC) medications like Tylenol, ibuprofen, and aspirin, to prescribed drugs like oxycodone , codeine , morphine , Vicodin , and hydrocodone . All painkillers carry risks—even ...

    ... the following: 2 Drowsiness. Mental fog. [ Nausea. Constipation. Dizziness. Respiratory depression. Opioids affect the part of the brain responsible for breathing, and one of the big threats opioid painkillers pose is ... continue reading
  • Snorting Vicodin

    Vicodin is the brand name for a prescription medication that is frequently used for the treatment of moderate to moderately severe pain. Vicodin is comprised of two active pain relievers 1 : Hydrocodone - an opioid pain reliever. Hydrocodone it is a ...

    ... Enforcement Administration (DEA) 3 . And young people are affected as well—the DEA reported that 5.3% of 12 ... proceeds to process the drug before it can act on the brain 5 . In most cases, snorting a drug will not provide ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Percocet Addict

    Help for Percocet Addicts If you're battling an addiction to Percocet (the combination of acetaminophen and oxycodone - an opiate-derived pain reliever ), you're not alone. According to the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, approximately ...

    ... (the combination of acetaminophen and oxycodone - an opiate-derived pain reliever ), you're not alone. According ... “I” statements to explain how their drug abuse has affected both of your lives; for example, “I feel ... continue reading
  • Effects of Hydromorphone Abuse

    Hydromorphone (brand names: Dilaudid, Exalgo) is a powerful semi-synthetic opioid painkiller used in both hospital settings and as part of a long-term treatment regimen for significant pain in opioid-tolerant individuals. Depending on the needs of ...

    ... hydromorphone, especially at high doses, can cause respiratory depression . When breathing is affected, less oxygen is available to the brain. Over time, the cumulative harm sustained during periods of reduced oxygen can ... continue reading
  • How to Help an Ultram Addict

    Substance abuse problems have the potential to negatively affect individuals, their families, and society as a whole. As addiction progresses, the sufferer's obsession with his preferred substance tends to outweigh his concern for the consequences ...

    ... relationships will usually suffer. Further, addiction affects one's ability to obtain and maintain ... binding to central nervous system opiate receptors to alter the perception of pain in the brain. Hear from others who ... continue reading
  • Opioid Addiction: Treatment and Rehab

    If you or a loved one abuses opioids, you should know that opioid addiction treatment can be a beneficial and potentially lifesaving intervention. 1 It can be challenging and uncomfortable to stop using opioids on your own. 2 Opioid rehab can help ...

    ... you want to know how to help someone with an opiate addiction, you should be aware of the options for ... agonist that works on the same opioid receptors in your brain as heroin, morphine, and other opioid pain medications. ... continue reading
  • Other matching results

  • The Effects of Hydrocodone Use

    About Hydrocodone Hydrocodone is a prescription medication sold under multiple brand names, such as: Vicodin. Norco. Lortab. The aforementioned trade names are combinations of hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Other trade formulations also exist that ...

    ... drugs, even in situations where initial use was done according to prescribed parameters. Opiates and Your Brain The brain's reward circuitry mentioned above has a lot to do with dopamine . Dopamine is a highly-desirable ... continue reading
  • Norco Abuse

    Norco is a prescription medication that combines hydrocodone and acetaminophen . It is prescribed for the relief of moderate to severe pain . Taking Norco in amounts exceeding prescribed doses, for lengths of time longer than recommended, or ...

    ... on prescriptions in order to curb abuse and dependency. Norco is a popular drug amongst opiate addicts because: It contains the opiate hydrocodone. It is relatively easy to obtain - for example, from friends, family, or ... continue reading
  • Oxycodone Abuse

    What Is Oxycodone? Oxycodone is a pain-relieving drug that is prescribed frequently to address moderate to severe pain. The substance is found alone and in combination with other pain relievers in a tablet form under several brand names including: ...

    ... to other legal and illegal opioids. Also, like other opiate and opioid drugs, oxycodone is capable of delivering a ... . Also, dopamine is associated with the brain's reward system—meaning that people experiencing this ... continue reading
  • Tramadol History and Statistics

    Tramadol (brand name: Ultram) is an oral, opioid pain-relieving drug that is marketed under a variety of of trade names - with Ultram and Ultracet being the most widely prescribed and recognized. Tramadol is most often prescribed to treat moderate ...

    ... two other neurotransmitter chemicals in the brain called norepinephrine and serotonin. Norepinephrine is ... to abuse tramadol . Overall, the problem of people abusing opiates and other pain relievers in the US is a major ... continue reading
  • Is Tramadol the New OxyContin?

    The epidemic of painkiller addiction is well known, and OxyContin (oxycodone) has arguably been the most notorious prescription opioid at the center of this public health emergency. Drugs like OxyContin have filled the news in recent years due to ...

    ... Most of these differences are due to the fact that tramadol not only activates opiate receptors but also increases the brain levels of two important neurotransmitters, serotonin and norepinephrine . Tramadol's actions on ... continue reading
  • How to Help an Oxycontin Addict

    OxyContin is a dangerous drug when not used properly, and it's easy to fall into the trap of addiction. Fortunately, there is help out there for anyone who is addicted to the substance, and it's never been easier to get help. How to Approach an ...

    ... in maintaining sobriety. Is OxyContin Addictive? Like all opiates, OxyContin is potentially addictive. OxyContin attaches itself to the opioid receptors in the brain, preventing GABA from being released. GABA controls ... continue reading
  • Hydrocodone Abuse

    About Hydrocodone Hydrocodone is an opioid analgesic (painkiller) drug - included in the formulation of many narcotic prescription painkillers that are most often prescribed to control moderate to severe pain. As an opiate drug, it is in the same ...

    ... the medication long enough, the person's body and brain can adapt to the presence of drug in their ... 2009, hydrocodone abuse remains high relative to the other opiates. In fact: The MTF survey found that lifetime abuse ... continue reading
  • The Effects of OxyContin Use

    Is OxyContin Harmful? OxyContin is an opiate that is often prescribed for moderate to strong post-surgical pain or more chronic pain situations. Prescription rates are high in the United States. The drug is comprised of oxycodone— a substance that ...

    ... medication. Pinpoint (constricted) pupils. Constipation (a telltale sign of opiate abuse). Long-Term Effects of OxyContin Opiates may have severe effects on the brain and body, and OxyContin is no exception. Long-term ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Vicodin Use

    Vicodin is an prescription painkiller medication that is comprised of two substances: Hydrocodone. Acetaminophen . Hydrocodone is an opiate drug that works as a pain reliever , useful in managing multiple levels of pain with similar efficacy to ...

    ... morphine and heroin. All opiate effects are achieved when the substance enters the body and connects to opioid receptors . These receptors are located throughout the body in areas like: The brain. The spinal cord. The ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Percocet Use

    Is Percocet Harmful? When abused, Percocet can be quite harmful. Percocet is the brand name of a narcotic pain reliever containing a combination of oxycodone and acetaminophen (Tylenol) that is used to treat moderate to severe pain. The short-term ...

    ... generally similar to the side effects for other opiate analgesics and may include: Nausea and vomiting. ... despite no medical need. Drug addiction is a disease that affects every aspect of a person's life and can occur in ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Morphine Use

    Morphine, an opiate narcotic painkiller , is a Schedule II controlled substance, which means it has a high potential for abuse. It can be a great option for patients in pain; however, when used recreationally or in inappropriately high doses, ...

    ... its potency, and its reinforcing actions with the brain's reward pathways, morphine has a very high potential ... term use of morphine is the development of addiction. Opiate addiction can ravage your life and that of your ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Morphine Addict

    With approximately 52 million people in the U.S. having used prescription drugs nonmedically in their lifetime, widespread addiction to drugs like morphine is increasingly becoming a problem. When someone begins to engage in abuse morphine , it's ...

    ... : Inpatient rehab centers . Outpatient treatment centers. It's important to consider that withdrawal from morphine and other opiates can be intense and impose stress on both the body and the psyche, so detoxing in a safe ... continue reading
  • Hydrocodone History and Statistics

    What Is Hydrocodone? Hydrocodone is powerful opiate drug that serves dual purposes when used as directed. It is both an effective cough suppressant and a pain reliever for moderate to severe pain. Studies show that hydrocodone is: More beneficial ...

    ... the late 1920s, officials in the United States were investigating methods to find substitutes for opiate-containing cough medicines that were leading to high levels of addiction. Researchers tested hundreds of substances ... continue reading
  • Oxycodone History and Statistics

    Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic, or 'painkiller' drug that is most often prescribed to control moderate to severe pain that cannot be treated with other medications. It is a semi-synthetic opiate that was first created in 1916 from thebaine, a ...

    ... be treated with other medications. It is a semi-synthetic opiate that was first created in 1916 from thebaine, a ... addiction. Like all opiates, it works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Tramadol Use

    Tramadol is a synthetic opioid analgesic (painkiller) that is frequently prescribed to manage moderate to severe levels of pain—such as that experienced after surgery or in chronic conditions like arthritis. It is commonly marketed under one of ...

    ... treatment and recovery today. First, like heroin, codeine, and all other opiate analgesics, tramadol binds to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord. These receptors are responsible for both the pain-relieving ... continue reading
  • Painkiller Detox and Withdrawal

    Prescription painkillers are opioid medications that manage pain and, furthermore, exhibit activity throughout the brain's pleasure centers. Their interaction with opioid receptors in the brain results in a down-modification of the sensations of ...

    ... might include: Methadone - A full opioid agonist administered orally or via injection, methadone activates the brain's opioid receptors similarly to the abused opioid drug in question. With a relatively metered onset of ... continue reading
  • Snorting Tramadol

    Tramadol is a medication prescribed to treat moderate to moderately severe pain in adults and, in its extended release forms, to manage certain chronic pain conditions. Similar to other pain medications like oxycodone, morphine, and hydrocodone, ...

    ... is then transported to the heart before it is spread to organs in the body, including the brain 6 . Once in the brain, the tramadol binds to opioid receptors 5 . As with many of the opioid painkillers, tramadol interacts ... continue reading
  • Tramadol Withdrawal

    Tramadol is an opioid medication that works to relieve moderately severe pain by changing the way that the brain and nervous system perceive and respond to pain 1,2 . The substance was prescribed more than 43 million times during 2013 according to ...

    ... relieve moderately severe pain by changing the way that the brain and nervous system perceive and respond to pain 1,2 ... to those associated with other types of opiate withdrawal. Tramadol withdrawal is often marked by ... continue reading
  • How to Help an Oxycodone Addict

    Oxycodone is an opioid pain reliever prescribed to people experiencing moderate or severe pain. Due to the drug's ability to act on the opioid receptors in the body (and for extended periods, with some formulations) oxycodone is a highly useful ...

    ... different. The substance attaches to tiny molecular structures throughout the brain and the body called opioid receptors . Once in place, ... Librium Lorazepam Methadone Opana Opiate Oxycodone Oxycontin Painkiller Percocet ... continue reading
  • Prescription Painkiller FAQ

    What are Prescription Painkillers? Prescription painkillers are opioid medications used to manage relatively severe pain (such as pain associated with surgical procedures or more chronic issues like cancer-related pain). 1, 2 They can be safe and ...

    ... above can have detrimental and potentially life-threatening consequences ranging from loss of consciousness to respiratory arrest, brain damage, and coma. 4 Can I Get Addicted Even if I Have a Prescription? Yes, you can ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of ACTIQ Abuse

    ACTIQ is a brand name for fentanyl, an extremely powerful opioid painkiller that is used only for severe pain such as breakthrough cancer pain 1 . Fentanyl is available in a number of formulations and delivery methods, including 2,3,4 : Tablets and ...

    ... 2 . Dopamine is present in areas of the brain involved in the regulation of emotion, movement, and motivation ... sedation. The increased levels of dopamine in the brain provide very strong feelings of pleasure and reward. ... continue reading
  • Tramadol Addiction

    Tramadol is an opioid analgesic medication prescribed for pain relief. 1 Used as prescribed, tramadol can be effective for managing moderate to moderately severe pain. 1 Like other prescription opioid painkillers, it has the potential for misuse, ...

    ... can still occur, particularly if used for longer periods of time. 3 With long-term tramadol use, a person's brain can get used to its effects; this is known as tolerance. As a person develops tolerance, they may begin to ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Tramadol Addict

    Help for Tramadol Addiction If you have been struggling with an addiction to tramadol , or you know someone who has, finding the proper treatment program is essential. Treatment for addiction can restore your quality of life. Regardless of how long ...

    ... by doctors to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain. The medication is considered an opiate agonist, which works by changing the way your brain and nervous system sense pain. It comes in tablet form and an extended ... continue reading
  • Vicodin Abuse

    What Is Vicodin? Physicians often prescribe Vicodin, a combination of hydrocodone (an opiate) and acetaminophen, for the relief of moderate to severe pain. It works by blocking pain receptors in the brain, but it also induces a sense of euphoria, ...

    ... often prescribe Vicodin, a combination of hydrocodone (an opiate) and acetaminophen, for the relief of moderate to severe pain. It works by blocking pain receptors in the brain, but it also induces a sense of euphoria ... continue reading
  • Snorting Hydrocodone

    Hydrocodone is an opioid substance used in many prescription medications to treat cough and pain. Hydrocodone is available in formulations of pure hydrocodone (Hysingla, Zohydro) or in combination with other pain relievers like ibuprofen ...

    ... the absorption of or release of a drug into the system to maximize the concentration of active substance in the brain is known as “dose dumping” 5 . Dose dumping is a dangerous phenomenon in terms of increasing the risk ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Opioid Use

    Are Opioids Harmful? Opioids are a class of drugs that include prescription painkillers such as oxycodone (Oxycontin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), codeine , and morphine ; synthetic opioids including fentanyl ; and the illegal drug heroin . 1,2 ...

    ... term psychological and neurological effects—including coma, permanent brain damage, and death. 3,5 In addition ... also lead to physical dependence and addiction. 4,6 Opiate abuse takes its toll on almost every major body ... continue reading
  • Opioid Painkiller Abuse

    The category of prescription painkillers covers a wide variety of opioid drugs, including morphine , codeine , oxycodone ( OxyContin , Percocet ), and hydrocodone ( Vicodin , Norco )—as controlled substances, each of these drugs have inherent ...

    ... a growing problem. Opioids are chemically related and interact with opioid receptors on nerve cells in the brain and nervous system to produce pleasurable effects and relieve pain. 1 Painkiller addiction doesn't have to ... continue reading
  • What Are the Side Effects of Oxycodone?

    Is Oxycodone Dangerous? Oxycodone is a prescription opioid analgesic that is used to manage moderate to severe pain by changing the way that the brain responds to pain. 1 It is the primary active component in the commonly prescribed pharmaceutical ...

    ... opioid analgesic that is used to manage moderate to severe pain by changing the way that the brain responds to pain. 1 It is the primary active component in the commonly prescribed pharmaceutical formulations OxyContin ... continue reading
  • Vicodin Addiction

    Vicodin addiction creates a variety of negative consequences for every person. The consequences of Vicodin use can be costly, both physically and emotionally. Like many other drugs of its kind, it is caused by the desire to enhance ones mood or at ...

    ... . Vicodin Addiction Treatment Vicodin Addiction Treatment starts with a thorough understanding of how the drug affects the addict and effects those around them. The misuse of Vicodin is particularly disturbing because ... continue reading
  • Signs & Symptoms of Hydromorphone Abuse

    Hydromorphone is a prescription medication used for the long-term treatment of moderate to severe pain that cannot be managed by other pain medicines or non-pharmacologic options. Hydromorphone is an opioid pain medication that is available as a(n) ...

    ... sleepiness. These results arise via the biomolecular interaction between hydromorphone and specific structures throughout the brain and spinal cord known as opioid receptors 5 . Once attached to the receptors, a ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Tussionex Abuse

    Tussionex, a prescription cough medicine, contains a mixture of hydrocodone (an opioid pain reliever) and chlorpheniramine (an antihistamine). In 2008, the FDA issued an alert regarding the dangers of misusing Tussionex, stating that abusing it can ...

    ... . People can develop tolerance to Tussionex after taking it over a period of time. As the human body and brain become accustomed to the presence of the medication, it may no longer be as effective at the same dose ... continue reading
  • Fentanyl Abuse

    What Is Fentanyl? Fentanyl is a synthetic opiate pain reliever. It's typically prescribed to patients for severe pain or injury , or after a patient has undergone surgery. It works quickly to eliminate any pain in the body. However, it can also be ...

    ... have been produced illicitly in labs to resemble fentanyl. Per a report by the CDC, those addicted to opiate painkillers are 40 times more likely to abuse or become dependent on heroin. Teen Fentanyl Abuse Teens are ... continue reading
  • Can You Overdose on Painkillers?

    Some of the most predominantly prescribed pain management medications are opioid analgesics (painkillers). These prescription drugs interact with opioid receptors throughout the brain, initiating a chain of events that ultimately brings pain relief ...

    ... management medications are opioid analgesics (painkillers). These prescription drugs interact with opioid receptors throughout the brain, initiating a chain of events that ultimately brings pain relief to the user. The ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Fentanyl Use

    Is Fentanyl Dangerous? Fentanyl may be administered through: Patches. Oral or nasal spray. Lollipops (a 'troche' or lozenge with a stick handle). Injection. Fentanyl is a potent, synthetic opioid analgesic - excellent for controlling serious pain, ...

    ... reserved for already opioid-tolerant patients (those already having grown tolerant to a therapeutic dose of some other opiate) . Any person who uses fentanyl and doesn't have an opioid tolerance is risking his health. In ... continue reading
  • OxyContin Abuse

    What Is OxyContin? OxyContin is a branded formulation of the powerful opioid painkiller , oxycodone. It is prescribed to manage cases of moderate to severe pain. When taken as directed, it is a safe and effective medication, and has proven ...

    ... : Suburban Junkies The following video tells the stories of teens and young adults who progressed from opiate painkiller abuse to devastating heroin addictions. Credit: Reveal Effects of OxyContin Abuse There are various ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Vicodin Addict

    Help for Vicodin Addiction Vicodin is one of the many brand names for the combination of acetaminophen and hydrocodone . Hydrocodone is an opioid used to treat moderate and severe pain , as well as a treatment for cough. The acetaminophen is a less ...

    ... Demerol Desoxyn Dextroamphetamine Dilaudid Fentanyl Hydrocodone Klonopin Librium Lorazepam Methadone Opana Opiate Oxycodone Oxycontin Painkiller Percocet Suboxone Subutex Tramadol Tussionex Valium Vicodin Xanax ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Demerol Use

    Is Demerol Harmful? The use of Demerol and other prescription opioids is widespread. In 2012, 259 million prescriptions were written for painkillers, per the Centers for the Disease Control (CDC). The CDC estimates that enough prescriptions were ...

    ... (inadequate oxygenation of blood and tissues). Brain damage. Psychological problems, such as anxiety and depression. Physical dependence. Addiction. Research has found that opiate users are more likely to experience ... continue reading
  • Codeine Abuse

    Overview of Codeine Abuse Codeine is an opiate drug often found in prescription-strength cough syrups, or in a combination formulation with various other analgesics (for example, with acetaminophen - under the brand name Tylenol 3). It is used ...

    ... help with a codeine addiction, call to learn about opiate recovery options. Effects of Codeine Abuse There are many ... . The resulting decrease in oxygenated blood to the brain and other vital organs can lead to seizures ... continue reading
  • The 5 Most Dangerous Painkiller Myths

    While painkiller use is widespread, there is a vast amount of false information surrounding them. Unfortunately, many people begin using opioid painkillers knowing little about them. Given few details about these drugs - how they work, when to take ...

    ... more than 2 million people in the US abused opiates . Many of these individuals exhibit behaviors or have mental ... not cure pain . Rather, they modify the way your brain perceives it. If your bad back is the source, ... continue reading
  • Lortab Abuse

    What Is Lortab? Lortab is a brand name for the drug hydrocodone. Lortab is a semi-synthetic opiate that, in large does, produces similar effects to that of OxyContin . Taken repeatedly, it can result in dependence and addiction. Initially, ...

    ... have abused or misused Lortab. Consider these other alarming statistics: Lortab and drugs in the same category (opiates) are some of the most prescribed and abused drugs in the U.S. More than 200 prescription medications ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Lortab Use

    Lortab is the combination of hydrocodone , an opiate used to manage pain, and acetaminophen , an over-the-counter analgesic and antipyretic (fever reducer) that augments the pain-relieving effects of the hydrocodone. Lortab is prescribed in pill ...

    ... more and more of the drug to achieve the same high. It's important to note that the phenomenon of opiate tolerance is so pervasive, that you can become tolerant to Lortab, even if you are taking your Lortab as prescribed ... continue reading
  • Ultram Abuse

    What Is Ultram? Ultram, the trade name for tramadol, is a synthetic opiate pain reliever prescribed for moderate to severe pain. It can be habit-forming and can produce unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ultram's potential for abuse has been ...

    ... Ultram is rising, with many users taking excessive doses in order to simulate the euphoric effects of other stronger opiates . Signs and Symptoms While many abuse Ultram to produce euphoric effects, there are a number of ... continue reading
  • Roxy Drug Abuse

    Roxicodone (often called “roxies”, “roxys” or “blues”) is one of the brand names for oxycodone, a powerful opioid prescription painkiller. Roxicodone is prescribed to alleviate pain that cannot be managed by non-opioid pain relievers. As ...

    ... is prescribed to alleviate pain that cannot be managed by non-opioid pain relievers. As a potent semi-synthetic opiate derived from morphine 2 , Roxicodone produces effects similar to those of heroin (e.g., euphoria and ... continue reading
  • Tussionex Abuse

    Tussionex is a prescription medication that includes a combination of chlorpheniramine, an antihistamine 1 , and the opioid painkiller hydrocodone . It is prescribed to treat respiratory symptoms, such as coughs, related to allergies or colds 1 . ...

    ... 7 . Additionally, studies suggest that long-term opioid use can cause deterioration of the brain's white matter 7 . The white matter affects a person's ability to regulate behavior, manage stress, and make decisions 6 . ... continue reading
  • Dilaudid Abuse

    Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is a prescription opioid prescribed for the relief of pain. It may be prescribed as a liquid, tablet, rectal suppository, or injectable solution. In 2014, an estimated 4.3 million people used narcotic pain relievers such as ...

    ... The euphoric high is similar to that of heroin and other opiates. Abuse of the drug can be dangerous and potentially fatal. ... to stop using, as the body and brain become accustomed to daily functioning with the support ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Tussionex Addict

    Tussionex is a combination of hydrocodone, an opioid painkiller and cough suppressant, and chlorpheniramine, an antihistamine which eases allergy symptoms 1 . As a cough medicine, Tussionex is frequently prescribed to both children and adults. It is ...

    ... around them as well. Your mental and physical health may be negatively affected by your loved one's addiction. However, you are not alone. Many ... Librium Lorazepam Methadone Opana Opiate Oxycodone Oxycontin Painkiller ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Norco Use

    Norco is a combination of acetaminophen and hydrocodone - an opiate pain medication. It is intended to relieve moderate to severe pain. Because Norco contains the narcotic hydrocodone, it can be addictive and should be used with caution. Is Norco ...

    ... intended to treat a specific condition (in this case: pain). Half of 2014 U.S. drug deaths were caused by opiates. Read our blog, Dying to Get High, to learn more. Side Effects Side effects of Norco are varied and depend ... continue reading
  • Using Painkillers When Pregnant

    Prescription painkillers, or opioids, are commonly used to treat pain. Opioid painkillers include drugs such as hydrocodone (Vicodin), oxycodone (OxyContin), codeine, and morphine. In addition to their inclusion in the many opioid analgesic ...

    ... continues on how taking painkillers when pregnant may affect the fetus. While there isn't conclusive ... Spina bifida Hydrocephaly (excessive fluid in the baby's brain) Glaucoma Gastroschisis (a hole in the abdominal wall ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Dextromethorphan Use

    Dextromethorphan (DXM or DM) is commonly used to suppress coughing. You'll find it in a number of cough syrups and in cold medications (both over-the-counter and prescription). It is also sold on the street under several different names, including: ...

    ... effects of DXM use tend to come when users intentionally combine DXM with other drug s such as stimulants, opiates and/or alcohol . For example, mixing DXM with amphetamines or cocaine can cause a dangerous rise in blood ... continue reading
  • Demerol Abuse

    Demerol, also known by the street name “demmies” and the generic name meperidine , is a prescription opioid painkiller. Demerol is used to treat relatively severe pain and is available in liquid or tablet form. As a schedule II prescription ...

    ... needles). Permanent brain damage due to hypoxia (insufficient oxygen to the brain). Potentially fatal respiratory ... are safer than illegal “hard” drugs, like the opiate heroin , or cocaine. An article in the Journal of ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Painkillers Addict

    Help for Painkiller Addicts Painkillers are routinely prescribed in the United States for the management of pain , but not all of them are addictive. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often prescribed for the treatment of mild to ...

    ... likelihood of addiction. For example, many opiate painkillers like oxycodone (OxyContin) and codeine ... characterized by compulsive use despite the knowledge that it's affecting your life in a myriad of negative ways. To ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Methylphenidate Use

    Methylphenidate (brand names: Ritalin, Concerta) is a stimulant prescribed for Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy. Stimulants, like Ritalin, are one of the three most commonly abused ...

    ... to any other drug, can lead to a number of personality and lifestyle changes that can dramatically affect the life of a user and his loved ones. These effects include: Dramatic mood shifts. Depression. Decreased ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Dilaudid Use

    Is Dilaudid Harmful? Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is an opioid analgesic prescribed to relieve pain. It is available in hospital settings as an injectable solution, or may be prescribed in either an oral solution or tablet form. Its use is frequently ...

    ... pupils. Dilated, non-reactive pupils indicating brain injury from lack of oxygen. Bradycardia ... -term maintenance plan against opiate addiction. Buprenorphine also treats withdrawal symptoms and opiate cravings. It is often ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Methylphenidate Addict

    Methylphenidate abuse is increasingly prevalent and can be an extremely hard habit to kick. Helping someone with an addiction can take time and several attempts. However, with the help and support of loved ones along with the right treatment, ...

    ... the activity of neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. When someone is diagnosed with ADHD, they are prescribed ... Librium Lorazepam Methadone Opana Opiate Oxycodone Oxycontin Painkiller Percocet ... continue reading
  • How to Help an Opana Addict

    How to Approach an Opana Addict Opana is the brand name for oxymorphone, a semi-synthetic opioid painkiller . Over the past decade, increased availability of painkillers has fueled an epidemic of opioid abuse around the world. In the US, an ...

    ... triggering of dopamine release in the reward centers of the brain. The combined effect of activation on opioid receptors and ... Klonopin Librium Lorazepam Methadone Opana Opiate Oxycodone Oxycontin Painkiller Percocet ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Norco Addict

    Help for Norco Addicts Hear from others who have loved ones facing addiction. Norco is an opiate prescription medication commonly used to provide relief from moderate to severe symptoms of pain, such as that which accompanies dental work or surgery. ...

    ... have loved ones facing addiction. Norco is an opiate prescription medication commonly used to provide relief from moderate ... both. Call Our Hotline Today Recovery from opiate addiction is not easily done alone. There are ... continue reading
  • Dealing with Roxicodone Addiction

    The risk of addiction is not limited to the use of illicit substances like heroin or cocaine. Legal drugs have the potential to cause devastating addiction, as well, even if they were initially legitimately prescribed. The Substance Abuse and Mental ...

    ... try and determine their level of use and how it may be affecting them. Look for 2 : The amount of Roxicodone consumed. How ... the release of a neurotransmitter in the brain called dopamine . Dopamine is associated with ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Codeine Addict

    Helping someone overcome an addiction is sometimes an arduous process, and recovery won't happen overnight. Addiction treatment takes time and often imposes stresses on both the abuser and the ones they love. While it may prove difficult, ...

    ... Risk When Addiction Specialists Not Part of Care . Medline Plus. Is Codeine Addictive? Codeine is an opiate narcotic pain reliever. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has classified it as a Schedule II substance , ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Ultram Use

    Ultram (trade name: tramadol ) is an opiate analgesic typically prescribed for pain that is moderate to moderately severe. When introduced, it was regarded as having a very low potential for addiction; however, its instance of abuse and dependency ...

    ... Ultram Dangerous? Tramadol was initially hailed as a safer pain treatment option - less potent than more typical opiate painkillers and, as a result, having a lower abuse potential. However, the longer the drug is on the ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Opana Use

    Is Opana Harmful? Opana is a prescription opioid pain-reliever containing the active ingredient oxymorphone. Oxymorphone is a semi-synthetic opioid agonist, meaning it binds to the opioid receptors in your brain to elicit its effects. You may have ...

    ... treatment and are no longer addicted. Long-term Opana abuse can also lead to detrimental changes in both your brain and your body in that it may eventually interfere with you body's natural ability to manage pain and ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Dextromethorphan Addict

    DXM is often abused for the euphoric effects that it can elicit when taken in larger-than-recommended doses. Because dextromethorphan is found in cough syrup and other cold and cough medicine formulations, it can frequently be found on the shelves ...

    ... Demerol Desoxyn Dextroamphetamine Dilaudid Fentanyl Hydrocodone Klonopin Librium Lorazepam Methadone Opana Opiate Oxycodone Oxycontin Painkiller Percocet Suboxone Subutex Tramadol Tussionex Valium Vicodin Xanax ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Loved One with a Dilaudid Addiction

    How to Approach an Addict Helping a loved one with a Dilaudid addiction can be incredibly challenging. It is important to be supportive and helpful without enabling your loved one to continue using. Some tips from the National Council on Alcoholism ...

    ... and abstinent environment. There are many maintenance medications such as methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone prescribed for opiate addiction that may be used to assist with detoxification or to prevent relapse on a ... continue reading
  • Opana Abuse

    Opana is the trade name for the prescription medication, oxymorphone, a semi-synthetic opioid painkiller. In various formulations, oxymorphone has been available on the US pharmaceutical market since 1959. In 2006, the FDA approved two new ...

    ... Opana, learn how to find help . Street Names Due to its potency, Opana is a highly sought-after opiate of abuse and sold under various street names , including: Blue heaven. Blues. Mrs. O. New blues. Octagons. Pink ... continue reading
  • Methylphenidate Abuse

    Methylphenidate is a psycho-stimulant drug that works on the central nervous system. It is frequently prescribed as a treatment for ADHD and ADD under the brand names of Ritalin and Concerta. Methylphenidate Abuse: An Introduction Methylphenidate ...

    ... to a study by the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, long-term methylphenidate use can cause serious brain injury. The DEA has labeled methylphenidate a Schedule II drug , meaning is has “a high potential ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Demerol Addict

    If you suspect that a loved one is abusing Demerol or you know someone who is trying to quit using, there are ways that you can help. How to Approach an Addict It is important to understand how to address the situation in a supportive manner. Here ...

    ... pleasurable effects that may promote misuse and abuse. It subdues pain and creates a euphoric feeling in the brain. With continued use, however, these effects are dulled by the development of tolerance and many users may ... continue reading
  • Actiq (Fentanyl) Lollipop Abuse

    Actiq is a brand name for the opioid drug fentanyl. 3 Actiq comes as a lozenge on a handle (like a lollipop) and the fentanyl is quickly absorbed through the oral mucosa (along with fentanyl that is swallowed being slowly absorbed through the ...

    Actiq is a brand name for the opioid drug fentanyl. 3 Actiq comes as a lozenge on a handle (like a lollipop) and the fentanyl is quickly absorbed through the oral mucosa (along with fentanyl that is swallowed being ... continue reading
  • Opioid Epidemic Coming for the Elderly

    How Common is Opioid Abuse in the Elderly? Close your eyes and imagine an opioid addict. Who do you see? Would you think of a young, poor male injecting heroin and obsessing over how they will need to score their next hit to satisfy their compulsive ...

    How Common is Opioid Abuse in the Elderly? Close your eyes and imagine an opioid addict. Who do you see? Would you think of a young, poor male injecting heroin and obsessing over how they will need to score their next ... continue reading
  • Related results

  • This Is Your Brain on Drugs

    Read Time: 20 minutes Readers of a certain age might remember the public service announcements from the late 1980s showing a frying egg with the tagline: “This is your brain on drugs.” Although these commercials were effective at delivering the ...

    ... signaling. Medications and illicit drugs that affect the brain alter neurotransmitter signaling in several different ways: Imitating neurotransmitters —Drugs like opiates and marijuana have chemical structures that are ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Opiates on the Body

    Share on Twitter Share on Facebook They're potent, they're dangerous - and they could be in your medicine cabinet. In 2012, 259 million prescriptions for painkillers, such as Vicodin , OxyContin , and Opana, were written in the U.S. When used ...

    ... arrest can deprive the brain and body tissues of oxygen. This can easily prove fatal, or result in debilitating organ system injury. The Effects of Opiates on the Digestive System Opiates affect the muscles of the ... continue reading
  • Prescription Opiates: As Addictive as Heroin?

    According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, more than 21.5 million Americans aged 12 and older met the criteria for substance use disorder in 2014. Of these, 1.9 million were addicted to prescription opiate pain medications and 586,000 ...

    ... continuing to use despite harmful consequences in order to avoid these withdrawal symptoms. 2,3 Prescription opiates affect the brain in the same way heroin does , only the dosage is considered lower and the means of ... continue reading
  • How Does Ibogaine Treat Opiate Addiction?

    Holly started using heroin when she was 18 - at 26, she was at the end of the line. Her whole life revolved around getting high. In the past, she had tried 12-step programs, counseling, in-patient rehab, and even drug-assisted therapy…it seemed ...

    ... from a West African plant. She knew it affects the brain in some way to help with heroin addiction. ... and effective alternative for opiate addiction treatment . Additional Reading: Outlook on Opiate Abuse: There's Good ... continue reading
  • 6 Facts You Need to Know About Opiate Withdrawal

    The United States has the highest rate of opioid use per capita in the world. As a nation, we consume 80% of the world's opioid supply. 1 In 2014, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health found that 1.9 million people aged 12 or older had a ...

    ... receptors in the body which are associated with the brain's system of reward. It is well known that long ... person. The length of opiate withdrawal depends on several factors. Withdrawal will be affected by the half life of ... continue reading
  • This Is How Alcohol Affects Your Brain (Simple Animation)

    We pop the champagne to celebrate a momentous occasion. We sip whiskey to soothe the pain of a disappointing loss. We order a glass of wine to ease the awkwardness of a first date. And we cheers tequila shots while catching up with an old friend ...

    ... we turn to booze? We can all agree that alcohol changes the way that we feel. But what is actually going on in the brain that makes us feel a certain way? AsapSCIENCE tackles this hot topic in their short animation, Your ... continue reading
  • How Concerned Should We Be About Opiates?

    Opiates are a group of drugs that manage pain by depressing the central nervous system (CNS). There are two different kinds of opiates: natural and synthetic. Natural opiates come from the dried “milk” of the poppy plant and include opium, ...

    ... are found in certain areas of the human body. Those areas include the brain, spinal cord and gastrointestinal tract. When opiate substances are introduced to the body, they attach to opioid receptors. Once attached ... continue reading
  • Concurrent Alcohol and Opiate Abuse

    Prescription opiates are effective in the treatment of pain, but they have the potential to be addictive and, in fact, many people are struggling with an opiate painkiller addiction. In fact, according to the National Institutes of Health, opioids ...

    ... one without the other. You increase the dose of your opiate medication with your doctor due to a higher tolerance to ... tolerance. Coma. Permanent brain damage. Find out how to help an opiate addict by calling our helpline ... continue reading
  • Your Brain on Drugs: Studying Cocaine's Effect on Blood Flow

    Stimulant drugs like cocaine can cause serious blood flow problems within the brain. When there is an insufficient flow of rich, oxygenated blood to the brain, it can result in aneurysm-like bleeding and strokes. Researchers have developed a new ...

    ... and his team of neural experts were able to observe exactly how cocaine use affects the tiny blood vessels in a mouse's brain. Cocaine causes the brain to receive a decreased flow of blood, no matter the frequency of use ... continue reading
  • Opiate Relapse

    Opiate abuse and addiction has become an epidemic with a vast impact on the health and welfare of individuals and societies worldwide 1 . The statistics provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse offer a snapshot of the epidemic that helps to ...

    ... feelings then become the reinforcing triggers for an addiction relapse . 4 Unfortunately, chronic use of opiates create changes in the brain that can lead to both dependence and addiction 4 . A little-known fact is that ... continue reading
  • Opiate Addiction Withdrawal

    Opiates sometimes interchangeably referred to as opioids and narcotics, are a broad class of drugs. They are widely used legally and abused illicitly and include many substances that are synthesized from a handful of opiate precursors found in the ...

    ... substance is called physical dependence 4 . As part of this adaptation, the brain will begin to register less of a dopamine response when the opiate is used like it did initially. The person will need to consume higher ... continue reading
  • Opiates, Overdose and Permanent Brain Damage

    Permanent brain damage due to an opiate overdose is a very real, life-altering consequence of opiate abuse . The dramatic increase of opiate-related deaths is now demanding public attention, but the consequence of permanent brain damage remains ...

    ... , it is essential to understand the risks involved with an overdose. How An Overdose Causes Brain Damage Opiates and opioids (heroin, morphine, OxyContin, Fentanyl) are depressants, meaning the drugs slow down your ... continue reading
  • Let's Talk Dirty: Opiates, Addiction and Constipation

    Although opioids are effective pain relievers, they can do a number on your health and overall body systems. One of the most negatively affected body systems is your gastric system. What's more, long-term use or addiction to opiates can paralyze ...

    ... on your health and overall body systems. One of the most negatively affected body systems is your gastric system. What's more, long-term use or addiction to opiates can paralyze your gut and force stomach contents to sit ... continue reading
  • Mars vs. Venus: How Does Gender Affect Prescription Drugs?

    When the book Men are from Mars; Women are from Venus hit book shelves back in 1992, it was a huge hit. By highlighting the differences in men and women, the book's theory is still solidly ingrained in our culture. Though gender equality has come a ...

    ... responses, we now know how and why these drugs affect genders differently. The Quest for Sleep A prime ... studies have indicated that, if women become addicted to opiate painkillers , they are more likely to relapse. Women ... continue reading
  • Legalizing Marijuana Decreases Fatal Opiate Overdoses, Study Shows

    According to the American Academy of Pain Medicine, more than 100 million Americans suffer from chronic pain. In an effort to relieve that constant pain, the number of opiate prescriptions has nearly doubled over the last decade. Today, opiates like ...

    ... epidemic.” As experts scramble to come up with a plan that combats the nation's dependence on opiates , a new study published last week in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine indicates medical marijuana might be the ... continue reading
  • Here’s What Happened While Everyone Else Was Focused on Opiate Abuse

    With the opioid epidemic sweeping the nation, heroin and painkiller abuse have been in the spotlight for treatment providers and law enforcement. While all eyes have been focused on this front, we may have ignored another battle that needs greater ...

    ... binge on the drug for days without eating or sleeping, causing paranoid and aggressive behavior. Unlike opioids, which affect the user's breathing and can cause instant overdose and death , meth has a lower potential for ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Could Mess With Your Brain's Ability to Recognize Sadness and Fear

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with a reputation for making people more social but, in reality, it tends to make users paranoid and insufferable. And according to a new study , this may be in part because people who use cocaine are less capable of ...

    ... the Schedule I drug, even just once, may affect your ability to recognize other people's negative emotions, ... . “There are many mental illnesses in which our brains' ability to recognise the emotions of others are impaired ... continue reading
  • You’ve Gotta Dig In: Brain Health and Drug Abuse

    While battling chemical dependency , your brain is robbed of a lot of its essential nutrients - and that causes damage. By eating the right “brain power” foods, you can repair this damage and prevent further deterioration. Mood, memory, ...

    ... and prevent further deterioration. Mood, memory, decision-making, impulse control and behaviors are all affected by how well the brain functions. A healthy diet is necessary to restore proper chemical balance. What Your ... continue reading
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