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  • Cocaine Effects on the Body: Short-Term & Side Effects

    What is Cocaine? Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive substance. Cocaine hydrochloride remains a schedule II controlled substance, as it has some legal therapeutic application as a pain reliever and vasoconstrictor, useful in association with ...

    ... of ingesting cocaine alters the immediate side effects, but it also leads to different long-term effects: Snorting can ... periods without the drug. The most common effect of cocaine withdrawal is a “crash.” A crash usually ... continue reading
  • Snorting Cocaine

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with highly addictive properties that is derived from the coca plant 1 . Also known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow,” cocaine is a white, crystal-like powder that provides a euphoric high. Cocaine is ingested in a ...

    ... Side Effects of Snorting Cocaine Cocaine use can cause a range of short-term physical and emotional side effects. These effects may be intensified when cocaine is combined with other drugs. Common side effects of cocaine ... continue reading
  • Using Cocaine While Breastfeeding

    Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive stimulant that is easily absorbed into the blood stream. It has a high milk to plasma ratio, meaning it a significant amount of the drug may pass from a mother's blood into breast milk 1 . Cocaine is the ...

    ... the system 1 . This means that long after a mother stops feeling the effects of cocaine, it may still be in her breast ... 7 , 8 . Breastfeeding may also have long-term benefits for the child. Some studies suggest that ... continue reading
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  • How to Help a Cocaine Addict

    Help for Cocaine Addicts If you're battling an addiction to cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2013, there were 1.5 million current cocaine users in the US. It's ...

    ... cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2013, there were 1.5 million current cocaine ... . Effects of Cocaine Addiction Long-term cocaine use ... continue reading
  • Why Is Cocaine so Addictive?

    Cocaine comes from the coca bush, which grows primarily in South America. This addictive stimulant is also known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow” and is sold on the streets as a fine, white powder. In a crystallized, free base form, it is ...

    ... will require more and more over time to achieve the same effect—a phenomenon known as tolerance. Effects of Cocaine Short-Term Effects Racing thoughts. Temporary surge of energy. Bizarre or erratic behaviors. Disturbed ... continue reading
  • Can You Get Addicted to Cocaine After the First Use?

    Drugs like cocaine have reputation for being extremely addictive but still many people will want to try them “just once.” It's easy to wonder, “Just how addictive is cocaine (really)?” How Addictive is Cocaine? Cocaine is a very addictive ...

    ... to feel similar effects. This ramping up of cocaine use behavior over ... cocaine? Answer these questions before you do. What do I have to lose? What do I hope to gain? Am I weighing my long-term goals against my short-term ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Withdrawal

    According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), nearly 5 million people 12 and older abused cocaine within the year prior to the 2012 survey. Cocaine abuse is associated with numerous risks that include, but are not limited to 1 : Increased ...

    ... cardiac issues. Death. The damage caused by cocaine and its associated effects can be seen in the number of emergency ... should the drug no longer be used 4 . Is Cocaine Withdrawal Dangerous? Cocaine withdrawal does not have ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Addiction

    Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug in the form of a white powder that is commonly snorted, smoked, and injected. 1,5,6 Its popularity as a recreational substance is in part due to its perceived positive effects on mood, motivation, and ...

    ... changes that affect their lives. Long-term use is also associated with deficits ... Cocaine For more information, see the following articles: Effects of Cocaine Use Concurrent Alcohol and Cocaine Abuse Crack Cocaine's Effect ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Use During Pregnancy

    Cocaine usage during pregnancy has the potential to harm both mother and baby, and the effects may be long-lasting. According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), roughly 1,000 pregnant women reported using cocaine in the past ...

    ... that the use of a stimulant like cocaine was associated with 2.2 times greater risk of stillbirth . 7 The trauma of experiencing a stillbirth can have long-term psychological effects on a mother and the family. Studies ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Overdose : Signs and Symptoms

    Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Overdose When a person abuses cocaine, their body experiences a number of sensations and physiologic changes, all relating back to its strong stimulant effects. These effects can spiral out of control when a person uses ...

    ... is also a major risk factor for overdose. When used with sedating or depressant drugs, cocaine's stimulant effects may seem diminished, leading the user to more easily ingest toxic levels of each substance without ... continue reading
  • Related results

  • Side Effects of Librium Use

    Librium , which is a brand name formulation of chlordiazepoxide, belongs to a class of sedative medications known as benzodiazepines . Librium has been widely used as a treatment for anxiety and for managing the symptoms of alcohol and other ...

    ... side effects may occur even with appropriate prescription use of Librium. However, misusing or abusing Librium will increase the risk of experiencing these harmful effects, as well as other complications. Long-Term ... effect ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Zolpidem Abuse

    Is Zolpidem Harmful? Zolpidem is a hypnotic, or sleep-promoting substance, found in some prescription insomnia medications, including the sleeping pill Ambien 1 . As a sedative-hypnotic substance, zolpidem can impart a sense of euphoria and ...

    ... -blown addiction 3, 4 . Zolpidem's Short-Term Effects ... Long-Term Effects of Abusing Zolpidem When taken over long periods of time, zolpidem's effects can take their toll on the brain. Beyond the short-term side effects ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Diazepam Abuse

    Diazepam is a benzodiazepine commonly prescribed under the brand name Valium. This substance depresses the central nervous system (CNS) to manage 1,2 : Anxiety. Muscle spasms. Seizures. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Is Diazepam Harmful? Despite ...

    ... opioid painkillers) or to counteract the side effects of other drugs (e.g., cocaine, amphetamines) 2 . Abusing multiple ... medications, like dextromethorphan (DXM) . Long-Term Effects of Abuse At high doses, diazepam ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of DMT Use

    Is DMT Harmful? DMT (dimethyltryptamine) is a hallucinogenic compound found naturally in a variety of plant species and produced endogenously in the human brain. Although the brain produces it naturally, the compound itself is still a Schedule 1 ...

    ... divinities or other mystical beings). Side Effects Physiological side effects of DMT may include 1,2 ... . Long-Term Effects of Abusing DMT More research needs to be done in order to determine the long-term adverse effects of ... continue reading
  • Snorting Xanax (Alprazolam): Side Effects & Dangers

    What Does Snorting Xanax Do? Xanax (generic name: alprazolam) is a prescription sedative medication that falls into the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines, which are commonly prescribed for the management of anxiety. 1, 2 While taking Xanax as ...

    ... the risk of death. 1 Long-term Effects of Snorting Xanax Xanax's pleasurable effects on the brain may lead users ... be the case. A study performed on the effect of diazepam (another benzodiazepine) on animals showed no ... continue reading
  • Long-Term Effects of Molly

    Overview of Ecstasy Effects Ecstasy is the more common street name for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine—a highly addictive, illicit drug also known as MDMA , or “Molly.” This drug shares chemical structural similarities with both amphetamine ...

    ... or brain swelling due to water retention. 8 Long-Term Effects Because it enhances the release and activity of ... MDMA in a similar way to the way they self-administer cocaine, although to a lesser degree. 8 MDMA use may ... continue reading
  • A Closer Look at the History and Use of Cocaine

    Cocaine is a popular CNS (central nervous system) stimulant that is naturally derived from the cocoa plant, which is most commonly grown in South America's Andean region. Though its proper, chemical name is benzoylmethyl ecgonine (C17H21NO4), users ...

    ... effects of cocaine are varied and depend on both the dosage and the person using it. These may include insomnia, paranoia, anxiety, increased body temperature, faster heart rate and nausea/vomiting. Long-term users who ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Crack Use

    Is Crack Harmful? Since it first appeared on the illicit drug scene during the 1980s, crack cocaine has solidified its reputation as one of the most addictive substances available on the street. According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, ...

    ... Cocaine's Effect on Brain. Long-Term Effects of Crack In addition to negative short-term effects, long-term crack cocaine ... users experience a problem that abusers refer to as “coke bugs” or “crack bugs.” This is a type ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Ketamine Use

    Is Ketamine Harmful? “It's easy to get ketamine abuse wrong because of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so it's easy to accidentally overdose.” Like its sister drug CP, ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic, ...

    ... it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so it's easy ... side or into the recovery position if possible to prevent this from happening. Promptly call 911 to get emergency medical assistance. Long-Term Effects ... continue reading
  • When Does Medical Marijuana Use Morph into Full-Blown Addiction?

    In more US states, marijuana is becoming legalized and socially accepted as treatment for a range of illnesses. But, like many medicines, it can lead to misuse and dependence. So, how do you know where to draw the line? Relief Turns to Habit Joseph, ...

    ... use can impair short-term memory, judgment, thinking and driving, and long-term use has been linked to ... longer to set in. He also expressed concern about the drug not being labeled with warnings of potential side effects ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Addiction: Have Scientists Finally Found a Cure?

    The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports an estimated 1.5 million Americans use cocaine. In 2015, our nation saw more than 6,700 cocaine-related deaths. Research indicates around 40 percent of drug-related emergency department visits involve ...

    ... FDA-approved medications available for treating cocaine dependency. Attempts to develop an effective form of cocaine-related MAT have been unsuccessful. Issues with side effects, potential for abuse, and method of ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Bath Salts Use

    Are Bath Salts Harmful? The term “bath salts” refers to a family of designer recreational drugs that contain one or more synthetic chemicals related to cathinone -a stimulant found in the khat plant, with effects similar to amphetamine. The name ...

    ... are quite similar in nature. Additionally, like cocaine, bath salts are frequently crystalline in appearance, ... . Long-Term Effects of Bath Salts The long-term effects of bath salts include many serious side effects that ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Adderall Use

    Is Adderall Harmful? Adderall is a form of amphetamine prescribed for the treatment of: 1 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Narcolepsy. It is available in 2 forms : immediate release and extended release. 1 Both forms are suitable for ...

    ... Adderall Short-Term Effects When used for short periods as prescribed by a physician, it has the positive effect of ... If you or someone you care about is feeling these side effects, it may be time to get help . Concerns ... continue reading
  • What Is Crack Cocaine?

    Crack cocaine is an addictive stimulant drug that is the rock crystal form of powdered cocaine. 1, 2, 5 Crack cocaine is a more potent form of cocaine that is processed so that it can be smoked, which provides an immediate high. 5 The name ...

    ... of physical and mental health effects associated with short-term and long-term crack cocaine use, including: 2, 6 ... ease withdrawal side effects and prevent future relapses. 13 Common crack cocaine withdrawal symptoms ... continue reading
  • Effects of Stimulant Drugs

    Are Stimulants Harmful? Stimulants are a class of substances that increase certain types of cell signaling and amplify various physiologic processes throughout the brain and body. In particular, many types of stimulant drugs are associated with ...

    ... associated with ongoing use should not be ignored. Psychological Side Effects The psychological effects are also troubling for many long-term users 2 : Hallucinations. Delusions. Persistent anxiety. Paranoia. Depression ... continue reading
  • What Does Acid do to You? The Effects of LSD (Acid)

    What is LSD (Acid)? D-lysergic acid diethylamide, better known as LSD or “acid,” is a hallucinogenic drug made from lysergic acid, a natural chemical found in a fungus that grows on rye called Claviceps purpurea . LSD was first created in 1938 ...

    ... , LSD can also have physical risks and both short term and long term side effects. LSD is generally considered to be less harmful than other drugs like alcohol , heroin , and cocaine , and overdoses are rare. 2 ,3.4 5 ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Steroid Use

    Are Steroids Harmful? Some steroids can be incredibly harmful to those who take them. Conversely, some types are used to help people with inflammatory conditions like chronic bronchitis, but those are categorized as corticosteroids . They are not ...

    ... effect of long-term use. This “chronic overdose” can have extreme detrimental effects to your health, both physical and mental. Video: How Steroids Affect Sperm Count Credit: Howcast Long-Term Effects Many of the side ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Methoxetamine Use

    Is MXE Harmful? MXE, also known as methoxetamine, is a substance with similar chemical properties to ketamine and phencyclidine (PCP) , two illicit drugs known for their hallucinogenic and dissociative properties 1 . MXE is an odorless, white powder ...

    ... long-term use can have mounting negative effects on the body. Side Effects In addition to the intoxicating short-term effects ... . Developing a tolerance (experiencing less of an effect with the same amount of the drug or ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Klonopin Use

    Klonopin, known commonly by its generic name clonazepam, is a prescription drug commonly prescribed to manage panic, anxiety and seizure disorders. Klonopin belongs to the benzodiazepine class of drugs—a broad group of central nervous system ...

    ... side effects as well as potentially fatal overdose. Side Effects Common Side Effects Common side effects ... , seek emergency assistance immediately. Klonopin's Long-Term Effects As use of Klonopin continues, the user ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Tussionex Abuse

    Tussionex, a prescription cough medicine, contains a mixture of hydrocodone (an opioid pain reliever) and chlorpheniramine (an antihistamine). In 2008, the FDA issued an alert regarding the dangers of misusing Tussionex, stating that abusing it can ...

    ... of the drug taken to achieve the desired effect. The repeated increase in doses of Tussionex used ... long-term maintenance and may be given in combination with naloxone (as Suboxone). Naltrexone: Blocks the euphoric effects ... continue reading
  • What Are the Side Effects of Oxycodone?

    Is Oxycodone Dangerous? Oxycodone is a prescription opioid analgesic that is used to manage moderate to severe pain by changing the way that the brain responds to pain. 1 It is the primary active component in the commonly prescribed pharmaceutical ...

    ... swallowing Seizures Some of the most dangerous side effects of oxycodone use are associated with the ... slowing and overdose. 1 Long-Term Dangers Over time, oxycodone can have many different effects—both good and bad. ... continue reading
  • The Side Effects of Xanax: Pill Use and Short-Term and Long-Term Effects

    What Is Xanax? Xanax (generic name: alprazolam) is a powerful benzodiazepine drug that is used to treat anxiety and panic disorders by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain. 1,2 The medication comes in the form of a pill that quickly dissolves ...

    ... side effects and overdose. What Are the Long-Term Effects of Xanax Use? When people abuse a benzodiazepine for a long ... frequency of use to achieve the same or similar effect that the substance had on you when you began ... continue reading
  • 5 Scary Side Effects of Ambien Sleeping Pills

    We've all been there—you can't sleep, and you're left tossing and turning in your bed. You know that getting a good night's sleep is one of the best ways to take care of yourself, but you can't seem to shut your eyes. It's debatable what's leading ...

    ... come at a cost. Here's a look at five possible side effects of Ambien you'll want to consider before use. 4,5 ... and function “normally.” Using Ambien for longer-than-recommended durations of time and, especially, misusing ... continue reading
  • Disguising Danger: 7 Marijuana Edibles Side Effects Shockers

    Lots of the people who have tried marijuana have done so in the form of snacks like pot cookies or brownies. Since one of the effects of pot is an increased appetite, it's only natural that the “ganja-preneurs” are marketing more marijuana ...

    ... Several case reports involving kids who took edibles found that respiratory insufficiency can also be a major side effect in young children. They've Contributed to Tragedies Marijuana edibles have played a major role in ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Demerol Use

    Is Demerol Harmful? The use of Demerol and other prescription opioids is widespread. In 2012, 259 million prescriptions were written for painkillers, per the Centers for the Disease Control (CDC). The CDC estimates that enough prescriptions were ...

    ... and death. Short-Term Effects As a broad class of drugs, opiates have an analgesic, or painkilling, effect on the body ... someone else. Long-Term Effects of Abuse Abusing Demerol may lead to serious long-term effects on the ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Vyvanse

    Vyvanse is a brand name for the medication lisdexamfetamine that is prescribed to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and binge-eating disorders 1,2 . Vyvanse belongs to a class of medicines known as central nervous system (CNS) ...

    ... to develop an addiction, which is characterized by problematic use despite negative consequences. Some other possible long-term effects of Vyvanse abuse include 5,6,7 : Malnutrition. Stunted height and weight in children ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of ACTIQ Abuse

    ACTIQ is a brand name for fentanyl, an extremely powerful opioid painkiller that is used only for severe pain such as breakthrough cancer pain 1 . Fentanyl is available in a number of formulations and delivery methods, including 2,3,4 : Tablets and ...

    ... 6,7 . Side Effects People that use and abuse ACTIQ are at risk of many unwanted side effects, even if the ... repeated administration) before the antidote takes effect 2 . Long-Term Effects of Abuse ACTIQ has some unique ... continue reading
  • 5 Psychological Side Effects of Percocet

    Percocet is a combination of acetaminophen and oxycodone, landing this medication in a family of drugs known as opioids . They're commonly prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain and work by blocking the pain signals sent to your brain. Percocet ...

    ... are Endocet, Primiev, Roxicet, Magnacet and Xolox. Danger Ahead: Side Effects of Percocet Long-term use or abuse of Percocet has many adverse side effects. Among them are serious psychological problems that can include ... continue reading
  • Barbiturates Side Effects

    Are Barbiturates Harmful? Barbiturates are members of a broad class of drugs called sedatives that have historically been prescribed for the treatment of anxiety, insomnia, and seizures; however, prolonged use at increasing doses may have severe ...

    ... barbiturates have side effect profiles. Chronic abuse of barbiturates can produce a number of adverse effects, such ... . Barbiturate overdose can be fatal. Long-Term Effects Long-term use and abuse of barbiturates can lead ... continue reading
  • Understanding the Effects of Long Term Drug Abuse on the Brain

    Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease, and it can cause you to compulsively seek out drugs even though you're aware of the harmful results taking them can cause. Initially, your choice to take drugs is voluntary. So, if someone offers you drugs, ...

    ... referred to as a tolerance, and the danger and effects of drug abuse that leads many addicts to hospitalization ... same feeling as the first time. The brain undergoes long-term changes during drug abuse . If the brain has ... continue reading
  • The Damage Done: 6 Long-Term Reminders of Meth Abuse

    Methamphetamine is an extremely toxic and vile drug that produces an initial rush of euphoria and a massive boost of energy. After that first encounter, users can quickly find themselves chasing that same “good” feeling over and over again, but ...

    ... useless quest. Truth be told, the effects of long-term meth use are far from glamorous or ... term effects of meth abuse: Cognitive Damage Because meth use releases a surge of dopamine nearly four times the level that cocaine ... continue reading
  • Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of Kratom Use

    What Is Kratom? Kratom ( Mitragyna speciosa ) is a tree-like plant from Southeast Asia that belongs to the same family of plants as coffee and gardenias. Kratom has been used as an herbal remedy in Thailand and neighboring countries for hundreds of ...

    ... Judging by research done on chronic, high-dose kratom users in Thailand, there are several unusual long-term side effects of Kratom abuse, such as: Hyperpigmentation, or darkening of facial skin. Anorexia and weight loss ... continue reading
  • 4 Long-Term Effects of Smoking Marijuana

    4 states—Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington—and Washington D.C. have legalized marijuana. With these changes in policy, a big question on everyone's mind is, what are the long term effects of marijuana use? How does marijuana use affect ...

    ... young people and their marijuana use through adulthood (NIDA, 2016). Not only will this study examine the long-term effects of marijuana and THC, but it will provide insight on how the drug affects an adolescent's brain ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Alcohol Use

    Moderate Drinking vs. Alcohol Abuse It's true that many sources point to the health benefits of moderate alcohol consumption. The key word here is moderate. Some studies have shown a connection between light to moderate drinking and decreased heart ...

    ... Increased blood pressure. Rapid pulse. Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Heavy, long-term drinking can take a toll on ... I have to drink more than I once did to get the effect I want (i.e., tolerance). I continue to drink even ... continue reading
  • New Study Reveals Cocaine Robs You of Loss

    A new study has found that cocaine abuse affects brain circuits so drastically that some users can't even recognize personal loss in their lives. Researchers were able to conclude that the brain circuits responsible for predicting emotional loss ...

    ... to conclude that the brain circuits responsible for predicting emotional loss become severely impaired through long-term cocaine use. The findings were published in the most recent issue of the Journal of Neuroscience ... continue reading
  • Why Isn’t Anyone Talking About a Resurgence of Cocaine in the U.S.?

    According to the DEA's annual Drug Threat Assessment cocaine use is on the rise. It looks as if, while in the midst of an opioid epidemic, a lethal storm of cocaine has quietly made landfall in the US. Cocaine-related deaths spiked in 2006 at 7,500 ...

    ... over 6,700 in 2015. Coke Smugglers Do the Darnedest Things In 2016, 92 percent of cocaine seized in the U.S ... be fatal. Cocaine also elevates blood pressure, which can lead to stroke or other serious side effects. A single ... continue reading
  • Meet Cocaine and Her Wicked Step-Child, Crack

    What's the difference in cocaine and crack? If you're like a lot of people, you know there is a difference between the two…you just don't really know what that “difference” is. Let's take a look at what makes these two drugs similar, but ...

    ... they so have slightly different effects when used. Cocaine: Snorting powder cocaine results in a high that ... 5 minutes. The main difference in cocaine and crack is the length of the high. While coke can be felt up to two ... continue reading
  • Russian Roulette: The Hidden Dangers of Cutting Agents in Cocaine and Heroin

    In the United States, more than 47,000 people die from drug overdoses every year . To make matters worse, drug deaths have recently surpassed both automobile and firearm accidents as the leading cause of accidental death in the country. There's no ...

    ... “safe” street drug, and cutting agents are only adding to the danger. Death and Other Potential Side Effects of Cutting Agents in Cocaine and Heroin The impurities and additives in illegal drugs can result in dangerous ... continue reading
  • Your Brain on Drugs: Studying Cocaine's Effect on Blood Flow

    Stimulant drugs like cocaine can cause serious blood flow problems within the brain. When there is an insufficient flow of rich, oxygenated blood to the brain, it can result in aneurysm-like bleeding and strokes. Researchers have developed a new ...

    ... speeds. Cocaine on the Brain Doctors and researchers are always searching for better ways to understand drugs and their effects on ... and boost tissue engineering. Learn more about the risks and side effects of drug abuse . continue reading
  • Dangerous Additives: What's Really in Your Cocaine?

    Cocaine is one of the most lethal illegal substances. This can be explained by the extraordinary psychoactive and biological effects of the drug; cocaine is the single most powerful central nervous system stimulant. At high doses it can stop the ...

    ... high. This high wears off quickly, but the stimulating effects remain for a much longer period, causing an intense craving in the user. Crack cocaine can cause irregular or aggressive behavior, and has been linked ... continue reading
  • Concurrent Alcohol And Cocaine Abuse

    Concurrent Alcohol And Cocaine Abuse Cocaine is a profoundly addictive stimulant drug that produces euphoria, increased energy, and talkativeness. It is most often snorted or dissolved in water and injected into a vein. Due to the short duration of ...

    ... is unpredictable, and there is no safe way to use cocaine. Long-Term Effects If the use of cocaine along with alcohol continues long-term , it can have these effects: Loss of sense of smell. Nosebleeds. Chronically runny ... continue reading
  • Voices From Both Sides of the Medical Marijuana Debate

    About eight months ago, I moved to California from Texas - two states that have very different viewpoints when it comes to legalizing medical marijuana . The drug seems to be everywhere here, smoked by people walking across the street or consumed in ...

    ... use can impair cognitive ability and short-term memory Insufficient evidence to support medical marijuana ... Research Regardless of which side you fall on, there are potential dangers and side effects when using any pain- ... continue reading
  • The Effect of Drugs on the Kidneys

    Chronic drug and alcohol abuse can lead to severe kidney damage or failure. The damage is not always direct; some substances may indirectly cause harm to the kidneys via biologic events triggered outside of the renal system itself. These secondary ...

    ... is commonly seen in those who abuse cocaine, and it can lead to kidney failure ... Effect of Painkillers Some opioid painkillers, such as Vicodin and Percocet , contain acetaminophen, commonly marketed as Tylenol. Long-term ... continue reading
  • The Other Side of Suboxone

    It's become a commonly prescribed medical treatment for opioid addiction . In some cases, doctors prescribe Suboxone with the intention of stabilize those struggling with continued, compulsive abuse of illicit or prescription opioids to then, one ...

    ... In addition to these side effects, the abrupt discontinuation of buprenorphine could also lead to withdrawal. If a person has been taking this medication for a long period of time and they no longer receive it, they may ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Meth Use

    Is Meth Harmful? Meth, the abbreviated colloquialism for methamphetamine, is a wildly addictive and dangerous substance. Users can rapidly develop a dependency on its effects, which themselves exert a number of health risks. The illegal production ...

    ... with your teeth are not uncommon, and significant weight loss can occur . Short-term side effects may be temporary, but long-term side effects can cause irreversible damage to the body. Because it is addictive in nature ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Opioid Use

    Are Opioids Harmful? Opioids are a class of drugs that include prescription painkillers such as oxycodone (Oxycontin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), codeine , and morphine ; synthetic opioids including fentanyl ; and the illegal drug heroin . 1,2 ...

    ... . Hypoxia can lead to both short- and long-term psychological and neurological effects—including coma, permanent brain damage, and death. 3,5 In addition to these side effects, the misuse of prescription opioids may also ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Painkiller Use

    A painkiller can be any one of a number of drugs, from over-the-counter (OTC) medications like Tylenol, ibuprofen, and aspirin, to prescribed drugs like oxycodone , codeine , morphine , Vicodin , and hydrocodone . All painkillers carry risks—even ...

    ... lupus—as they can decrease inflammation, as well as reduce fever. 12 Long-term use of certain NSAIDs can lead to side effects including stomach problems, kidney problems, high blood pressure, fluid retention, and other ... continue reading
  • Researcher Gets $431,700 to Study the Effects of Meth on Wounds

    It's widely known that meth use can lead to a multitude of health problems: rotten teeth, memory loss, a weakened immune system. Nobody knows this better than Luis Martinez, microbiologist and associate professor of biomedical sciences at the New ...

    ... chance encounter shifted his focus to another well-known side effect of meth: skin lesions. While at a restaurant ... a step further and raise awareness about the devastating effects of meth use . He also hopes his findings ... continue reading
  • Effects of Drug Abuse on the Male and Female Reproductive Systems

    Substance abuse can negatively impact the reproductive health of both sexes in a number of ways and may contribute to serious problems like sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), infertility, and cancer . Women who use drugs and alcohol while ...

    ... in men 8 . Men who use marijuana and cocaine may experience changes in hormone levels that can ... . Drinking alcohol while pregnant can lead to serious long-term effects on infants. Alcohol use during the early stages of ... continue reading
  • Effects of Desoxyn Abuse

    Desoxyn is a prescription drug that is indicated to treat two conditions 1,2 : Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children 6 and older. Exogenous obesity (obesity due to overeating) in individuals 12 years old or older (on a ...

    ... for long periods are subjected to long-term suppression of growth 1 . Other effects of long-term use or ... use of the substance despite the risk of serious side effects. Decline in social functioning marked by isolation, ... continue reading
  • Effects of Hydromorphone Abuse

    Hydromorphone (brand names: Dilaudid, Exalgo) is a powerful semi-synthetic opioid painkiller used in both hospital settings and as part of a long-term treatment regimen for significant pain in opioid-tolerant individuals. Depending on the needs of ...

    ... . Long-Term Effects of Abuse The continued use and abuse of hydromorphone can culminate in a higher number of more intense side effects . For example, someone that experiences symptoms of anxiety as a side effect of ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Dilaudid Use

    Is Dilaudid Harmful? Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is an opioid analgesic prescribed to relieve pain. It is available in hospital settings as an injectable solution, or may be prescribed in either an oral solution or tablet form. Its use is frequently ...

    ... term basis, can result in many side effects. The most common side effects of hydromorphone include: Severe Side Effects Some more serious side effects ... who have quit using Dilaudid long enough for tolerance to subside, ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Percocet Use

    Is Percocet Harmful? When abused, Percocet can be quite harmful. Percocet is the brand name of a narcotic pain reliever containing a combination of oxycodone and acetaminophen (Tylenol) that is used to treat moderate to severe pain. The short-term ...

    ... Effects Quiz” question=”2″] Side Effects The side effects are generally similar to the side effects ... with chronic (long-term) pain since the 1990s. Both oxycodone and acetaminophen have long-term effects that need ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Lorazepam Use

    About Lorazepam Recovery from addiction is real. Take back your life today. Lorazepam is an anti-anxiety medication that promotes relaxation by tempering excitatory brain activity. Also marketed under the brand name Ativan , it is only available by ...

    ... long term use can cause problems. As such, many medical professionals advise tapering off gradually. Short Term Effects The primary short-term effect ... work more quickly. Side Effects Side Effects Dizziness. Muscular ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Vicodin Use

    Vicodin is an prescription painkiller medication that is comprised of two substances: Hydrocodone. Acetaminophen . Hydrocodone is an opiate drug that works as a pain reliever , useful in managing multiple levels of pain with similar efficacy to ...

    ... mixed with alcohol or other intoxicating substances. Long Term Effects of Vicodin In the long-term, Vicodin has the ability to make people overlook the negative side effects while only focusing on the observed positive ... continue reading
  • What Are the Effects of Ambien?

    Ambien is the brand name for zolpidem tartrate, a sedative-hypnotic. When you take Ambien correctly, it can make you feel relaxed, comfortable and sleepy. The United States Drug Enforcement Agency classifies the prescription drug Ambien as a ...

    ... Misuse of Ambien can cause dependence and other side effects. Those with severe insomnia are the only ones ... to feel the same effects that you did when you first took the drug. 2 Another long-term effect of Ambien is ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Alprazolam Use

    Is Alprazolam Harmful? Stop suffering. Learn how treatment can help. Alprazolam (trade name: Xanax) is a sedative drug in the benzodiazepine class, indicated for the management of some forms of anxiety and panic disorders. The substance - like all ...

    ... . Side Effects Using alprazolam can bring about a variety of side effects . Most alprazolam side effects are ... US. Credit: Newsy Science Long-term Effects of Alprazolam One serious long-term effect of alprazolam use is the ... continue reading
  • 25 Harmful Effects of Morphine

    Morphine is an effective pain reliever. It's administered frequently by healthcare professionals. It's prescribed to manage moderate to severe pain after an accident, post-surgery, or for a chronic condition. It's accepted for common use throughout ...

    ... seem like a positive side effect, it is generally a sign of poor health conditions. Effects That Can Be Lethal ... can be deadly. Additional Reading: Understanding the Effects of Long Term Drug Abuse on the Brain Talk to Us: ... continue reading
  • The Dangerous (and Deadly) Effects of Spice

    Natural ingredients, legal use, lower cost…it must be healthy, right? The deadly misconception above has led to a growing number of fatalities brought on by synthetic or “designer” drugs. Use of synthetic marijuana - sold under names like ...

    ... or psychotic symptoms produced by cannabis. Due to these characteristics, Spice can have long-term effects on the brain. Side effects of Spice can include: Hallucinations Vomiting Confusion and Paranoia Rapid heart rate ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Hashish Use

    What is Hashish? Hashish comes mainly from the flowers (as well as leaves and stems) of the cannabis plant. The active ingredient in hash is the same as the active ingredient in marijuana, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC); however, the ...

    ... behavioral inhibitions. Hash Side Effects Side Effects from Hashish Side effects from hashish is similar ... . An inability to make sound decisions. Long-Term Effects of Abusing Hashish Individuals who chronically use or ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Dextroamphetamine Use

    Dextroamphetamine is a prescription stimulant used in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Dextroamphetamine is commonly found under the brand names Dexedrine and ProCentra and a more recently approved ...

    ... 1-888-744-0069 today. Side Effects Dextroamphetamine has a wide array of potential side effects ranging from mild to life ... , or heart attack. Long-Term Effects of Abusing Dextroamphetamine Long-term use of this substance ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Opana Use

    Is Opana Harmful? Opana is a prescription opioid pain-reliever containing the active ingredient oxymorphone. Oxymorphone is a semi-synthetic opioid agonist, meaning it binds to the opioid receptors in your brain to elicit its effects. You may have ...

    ... in turn, suffer lasting effects of depriving your brain of oxygen such as difficulties with attention and memory. The common side effect of constipation may also be harmful to the body over the long-term and can lead to ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Benzodiazepine Use

    Are Benzodiazepines Harmful? Benzodiazepines, or “benzos,” are drugs prescribed to help control anxiety and seizure disorders. They are central nervous depressants, which means that they slow brain activity. Some commonly prescribed benzos ...

    ... to increased feelings of euphoria—for many, a desirable effect mediated, in part, by dopaminergic activity throughout the reward ... such as assault or burglary. While these long-term effects do not occur in all users, they ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Inhalant Use

    Are Inhalants Harmful? There are a huge number of inhalants available for abuse, and they're fairly easy to obtain. It's unsurprising that teens in particular are susceptible to inhalant abuse, simply because these compounds can be obtained from any ...

    ... What Is Huffing Freon? Credit: Howcast Side Effects The side effects are, again, what you'd ... mouth where the inhalant has blistered the skin. Long-Term Effects of Inhalants Like many drugs, inhalant abuse can result ... continue reading
  • The Effects of OxyContin Use

    Is OxyContin Harmful? OxyContin is an opiate that is often prescribed for moderate to strong post-surgical pain or more chronic pain situations. Prescription rates are high in the United States. The drug is comprised of oxycodone— a substance that ...

    ... a developing addiction. Side Effects Some common side effects of OxyContin abuse ... Long-Term Effects of OxyContin Opiates may have severe effects on the brain and body, and OxyContin is no exception. Long-term effects ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Subutex Use

    What Is Subutex? Subutex is one brand-name formulation of a medication known as buprenorphine. As a partial opioid agonist-antagonist, buprenorphine shares some properties with other opioid substances such as: Heroin. Oxycodone. Hydrocodone. ...

    ... is changed. Side effects from Subute ... effect can lead to negative physical and emotional ramifications like: Respiratory depression. Cardiovascular collapse. Death. Long-Term Effects of Subutex The long-term health effects ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Tramadol Use

    Tramadol is a synthetic opioid analgesic (painkiller) that is frequently prescribed to manage moderate to severe levels of pain—such as that experienced after surgery or in chronic conditions like arthritis. It is commonly marketed under one of ...

    ... times. Complex tasks may become more difficult with long-term use of tramadol, and users may present a danger to themselves or others when driving. The side effects of tolerance and dependence may ultimately lead to a ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Valium Use

    Is Valium Harmful? Valium, a popular sedative-hypnotic prescription drug , has numerous effects on the body, many of which can be dangerous when the drug is misused or abused. Valium (diazepam) is prescribed for sleeplessness, anxiety, muscle ...

    ... entire adult lives. Some of the most common side effects of Valium include: Dry mouth. Decreased respiratory ... vision. Confusion. Decreased memory consolidation. Valium Long-Term Effects Heavy use of Valium over an extended ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Marijuana Use

    Is Marijuana Harmful? Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in the United States. It is normally smoked as a joint or in a pipe and can also be smoked as a blunt. Marijuana can be mixed with food, brewed as tea or used in the form of ...

    ... like more information about marijuana use and side effects, call our 24-hour hotline at ... Effects of Marijuana Credit: Howcast Long-Term Effects of Marijuana The long-term effects of marijuana can lead to an adverse effect ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Heroin Use

    Is Heroin Harmful? Heroin is the name for a modified version of morphine that is a very addictive and illegal opioid drug . The drug is available on the illicit market in a number of different varieties, with purer product tending to occur in white ...

    ... system and takes action to counterbalance the effects. The side effects of heroin use include: Nausea and vomiting ... and death. Long Term Effects of Heroin Use There is a wide range of effects from long-term heroin use . ... continue reading
  • Effects of Crystal Meth Use and Abuse

    What is Methamphetamine? Methamphetamine is a highly addictive stimulant that can have long-lasting effects on your body. This is a man-made substance that, with the advent of other more efficacious prescription stimulants, now has limited ...

    ... meth will be hungry, thirsty, and fatigued due to the effects of the substance. This period can last up to 2 ... “ meth mouth .” One of the most serious long-term side outcomes of crystal meth, however, is sudden death from ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Ativan Use

    Is Ativan Harmful? Ativan (generic name: lorazepam) is classified as a benzodiazepine medication used primarily for short-term treatment of anxiety and seizure activity. It is sometimes used to manage intractable insomnia, and as a sedative for ...

    ... Long Term Effects Exaggerated Side Effects Taking Ativan for an extended period may result in certain long-term effects. Generally, these effects ... existing dementia. Tolerance A common long-term effect of Ativan use is the ... continue reading
  • Drug Abuse Effects

    Learn More About the Effects of Illicit Drugs Alcohol Bath Salts Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth DMT Ecstasy Flakka Kratom Hashish Heroin Inhalants LSD Ketamine Marijuana Meth Methoxetamine (MXE) Mushrooms Peyote PCP Spice Steroids Stimulants Long-term ...

    ... Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth DMT Ecstasy Flakka Kratom Hashish Heroin Inhalants LSD Ketamine Marijuana Meth Methoxetamine (MXE) Mushrooms Peyote PCP Spice Steroids Stimulants Long-term use of drugs can have major effects ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Flakka Use

    Is Flakka Harmful? Flakka is a street drug with origins in South Florida. One of the newer chemicals in the booming category of synthetic or designer drugs, Flakka is typically made from a synthetic version of an amphetamine-like stimulant in the ...

    ... breakdown and subsequent kidney damage. The immediate and long-term effects of Flakka can rival some of the strongest crystal meth and cocaine . Long-Term Effects Long-term effects are not yet published. Flakka is one of ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Spice Use

    Is Spice Harmful? “Spice” (synthetic marijuana) has grown in popularity in recent years. Synthetic marijuana is sold under a variety of names other than “Spice,” including: K2. Skunk. Moon rocks. Potpourri. Substances like Spice and K2 - ...

    ... is not natural and can have a number of dangerous side effects . It can also be addictive , and can produce ... anxiety. Panic attacks. Aggression. Long-Term Effects Long-term effects of synthetic marijuana use is largely ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Methadone Use

    Is Methadone Harmful? The treatment of opiate abuse often requires another opiate as a supportive measure when the patient stops taking the original drug. Ideally, it's a long-acting drug with a long half-life, and it should be easy to take. Often ...

    ... health and personal relationships. Other side effects include: Pinpoint pupils. Respiratory depression. Nausea. [quizBuddy quiz=”Methadone Effects” question=”4″] Long-Term Effects of Methadone Approximately 5,000 people ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Suboxone Use

    Overview of Suboxone The Suboxone Debate: Learn why use of Suboxone is a hotly contested issue. Suboxone is a combination drug comprised of two substances: 1,2 Buprenorphine—a partial opioid agonist with a “ceiling effect” that keeps effects ...

    ... it down. 1 Short-Term Effects Suboxone is considered a long-acting opioid because the effects can last for up to ... . Confusion. Nausea. Respiratory depression. Side Effects Side effects that may occur during a period ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Hydrocodone Use

    About Hydrocodone Hydrocodone is a prescription medication sold under multiple brand names, such as: Vicodin. Norco. Lortab. The aforementioned trade names are combinations of hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Other trade formulations also exist that ...

    ... it. Side Effects Long-term Effects of Hydrocodone Addiction may be one of the most dangerous long-term effects of ... more of the drug in order to get the same effect as your body becomes adjusted to the dose or frequency. ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Clonazepam Use

    What is Clonazepam? Clonazepam, commonly known by its brand name Klonopin, is a prescription medication commonly used for its anti-anxiety and anti-convulsant benefits. How Worried Should We Be About Benzos? This medication is part of a larger group ...

    ... of overdose. Long-Term Effects of Clonazepam Clonazepam is not generally recommended for long-term use because it ... stops taking clonazepam they will experience a rebound effect. This means that the problems that the ... continue reading
  • The Harmful Effects of Drugs and Alcohol

    It should come as no surprise that drugs and alcohol can have negative effects on your life. Although sometimes it may be difficult to imagine, the abuse of these substances can change everything from your body to your bank account. This can include ...

    ... side effects of abusing drugs, but how much do you really know? Understanding the full effects that ... drugs are making you feel better, they're actually causing long-term damage, and you're likely better off without it. So ... continue reading
  • Effects of Peyote Abuse

    Peyote (or mescaline) belongs to a class of drugs known as hallucinogens. Mescaline is the active hallucinogenic ingredient in peyote , which is a small, spineless cactus 1 . The top, or crown, of the peyote cactus has circular-shaped buttons that ...

    ... Effects of Peyote on the Body Peyote also has a strong effect on the body, similar to other hallucinogenic drugs. These physical effects ... or vomiting. Sleep difficulties. The long-term effects of peyote use on the body ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Psilocybin Use

    Is Psilocybin Harmful? Psilocybin is a compound that is naturally occurring fungal alkaloid—a chemical compound that is found in more than 100 species of mushrooms (also known as magic mushrooms or shrooms). 1 When ingested, psilocybin is ...

    ... reported to develop even after a single use of psilocybin, the risks of experiencing these adverse effects may be increased with long-term use: 1,2 Drug-induced psychosis, a condition in which a person's thoughts become ... continue reading
  • The Effects of PCP Use

    What Is PCP? PCP abbreviation for the powerful, dissociative sedative drug phencyclidine. PCP is found sold on the street in many forms including: White powder. Crystal. Capsules. Tablets. Liquid. The tablets can be found in multiple colors and, ...

    ... . “Flashback” phenomena. Continuous hallucinations and delusional thinking even when not using the substance. These long-term effects can be quite dangerous; case studies indicate that some of these reported symptoms may ... continue reading
  • From Snort to Synapse: We Map Out Cocaine's Trip in Your Brain

    The powder is perfectly lined on the table. With no straw handy, you roll up a Washington and seconds later, the snow is gone. Inhaled into your nostril, this stimulant drug has started a trip that will change your brain…forever. What does this ...

    ... result, your body feels effects from head to toe. Some of those effects include: Dilated pupils A ... have intently studied this coke trip under the microscope; they tell us a single dose of cocaine changes your brain's ... continue reading
  • Let’s Talk Truth: Exactly How Long Do Drugs Stay in Your System?

    If you throw back a beer on Friday night, it's out of your system by Monday morning. But, what about other drugs? Most drugs linger a bit longer than alcohol. In fact, some of them stick around for a long time. This slower processing can surprise ...

    ... . Coke-Laiden Pink Slip After six months of searching, Kevin finally landed a great job. He uses cocaine frequently ... he's in the clear, as long as he doesn't use cocaine at work. Cocaine stays in your system for 48 hours ... continue reading
  • 9 Mind-Blowing Facts About W-18

    Just when we thought things couldn't get any worse than fentanyl … The street-drug market has a new player - and it's even deadlier than previous killers. W-18 won't deliver a great high; it will, however, deliver death. Introducing W-18 Here are ...

    ... did no testing on humans. This means its potential negative effects on humans are mostly unknown - W-18 was only ever ... times more potent. It can also be cut with cocaine or other drugs in unknown amounts. Pills and powders ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Could Mess With Your Brain's Ability to Recognize Sadness and Fear

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with a reputation for making people more social, but in reality, it tends to make users paranoid and insufferable. And according to a new study , this may be in part because people who use cocaine are less capable of ...

    ... Researchers also found that the subjects who had taken cocaine had an increased heart rate and higher levels of ... even when they are no longer under the influence. “We know that cocaine is a powerful and addictive drug ... continue reading
  • Crack Cocaine’s Effect on the Brain (Simple Animation)

    “Crack is whack” - that much is widely understood and accepted. But, what exactly is crack? How is crack different from cocaine? Is it possible that crack gets a bad rap, or is it as lethal as it seems? AsapSCIENCE breaks down what we need to ...

    ... by mixing powder cocaine with a weak base, such as baking soda (Gahlinger, 2004). During this chemical reaction, the substance changes shape from a powder to a solid. The new solid resembles a rock, hence the term “crack ... continue reading
  • Women More Likely to Get Hooked on Cocaine - But Why?

    Women are generally more vulnerable to cocaine addiction than men, according to a recent study published in the journal Nature Communications. They're also more likely to use cocaine at an earlier age, take drugs in larger quantities, have greater ...

    ... levels in females affected not only the quantity of dopamine released to their brain in response to the cocaine, but also how long the dopamine stayed active in their brain cells. As a result, the pleasurable “high ... continue reading
  • Cocaine and the Ultimate Battle of Neurons

    Sean was ready to give up. His brother, Tony, seemed to be a lost cause. After years of cocaine use, Tony had been through three rehab programs and countless relapses. Each time, Sean hoped for the best, only to have his hopes crushed by cocaine . ...

    ... by the nicknames, the two neurons have opposite effects. The urge neurons promote feelings of reward and ... this urge. Once cocaine is used over a long period of time, the imbalance becomes sustained. Cocaine use takes over ... continue reading
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