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physical symptoms of cocaine withdrawal

  • Why Is Cocaine so Addictive?

    Cocaine comes from the coca bush, which grows primarily in South America. This addictive stimulant is also known as “coke,” “snow,” or ...

    ... anesthetic for minor surgical procedures. Repeated use of cocaine over time can lead to the development of tolerance, physical dependence, and symptoms of withdrawal during periods of non-use. Continued use in the ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Cocaine Use

    The Effects of Cocaine Use

    What is Cocaine? Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive substance. Cocaine hydrochloride remains a schedule II controlled substance, as it ...

    ... We didn't even have our licenses, but there we were, doing coke at each other's houses. The rest of my friends' moms went ... effect of cocaine withdrawal is a “crash.” A crash usually includes symptoms like: Fatigue ... Learn more

  • Can You Get Addicted to Cocaine After the First Use?

    Drugs like cocaine have reputations for being extremely addictive but still many people will want to try them “just once.” It's easy to wonder, ...

    ... almost guarantees some form of acute cocaine withdrawal at the point that the user hasn't used the drug for a while. To varying degrees, tolerance, physical dependence and withdrawal avoidance all contribute to the ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Withdrawal

    Cocaine Withdrawal

    According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), nearly 5 million people 12 and older abused cocaine within the year prior to the 2012 ...

    ... of dependence that foretells the onset of physical withdrawal symptoms should the drug no longer be used 4 . Is Cocaine Withdrawal Dangerous? Cocaine withdrawal does not have the same associated risks ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Codeine Use

    The Effects of Codeine Use

    Codeine abuse can develop into a full-fledged codeine addiction. Codeine is one of the many pharmaceuticals ...

    ... “high potential for abuse.” Like many opiates, withdrawal symptoms from codeine can be quite severe, keeping the ... drug causes dependence . Aside from the physical problems that codeine abuse, codeine addiction can ... Learn more

  • Snorting Cocaine

    Snorting Cocaine

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with highly addictive properties that is derived from the coca plant 1 . Also known as “coke,” “snow,” or ...

    ... Is Sniffing Coke If you suspect a friend or loved one is snorting cocaine, look for these physical signs: ... detox centers to monitor clients during the withdrawal process to reduce the likelihood of complications ... Learn more

  • How to Help a Cocaine Addict

    How to Help a Cocaine Addict

    Help for Cocaine Addicts If you're battling an addiction to cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the ...

    ... cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2013, there were 1.5 million current cocaine ... you through any withdrawal symptoms you might experience, ... Learn more

  • Cocaine History and Statistics

    Cocaine History and Statistics

    History Cocaine is a drug derived from the South American coca plant ( Erythoxylon coca ). It is a powerful stimulant and popular ...

    ... (9.7%) or Hispanics (11.6%). The Monitoring the Future survey of drug use in adolescents found the rate of cocaine use among high schools seniors has fallen over the last 15 years and stood at 2.6% in 2014, the lowest ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Relapse

    Cocaine Relapse

    According to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), approximately 913,000 Americans met the criteria for cocaine addiction as ...

    ... of reward, pleasure, and motivation in users. Because cocaine is highly addictive, many people relapse due to strong cravings and uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms 2 . What Is a Relapse? Relapse is defined ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Use During Pregnancy

    Cocaine Use During Pregnancy

    Cocaine usage during pregnancy has the potential to harm both mother and baby, and the effects may be long-lasting. According to the 2015 ...

    ... stimulant drugs, such as amphetamines and cocaine , is associated with increased odds of physical abuse of the child 14 . ... substance use. Reduced mental health symptoms. Improved birth outcomes. Employment. ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Abuse

    Cocaine Abuse

    Overview of Cocaine Abuse Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug ; its use-reinforcing high derives primarily from its actions on ...

    ... effects as well as to temporarily mitigate the negative effects of withdrawal. 3,4 Signs and Symptoms Typical signs and symptoms of current cocaine use include: 1,3,4,5,7 Increased agitation. Effusive ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Overdose : Signs and Symptoms

    Cocaine Overdose : Signs and Symptoms

    Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Overdose When a person abuses cocaine, their body experiences a number of sensations and physiologic changes, all ...

    ... a major risk factor for eventual overdose. What to Do in Case of Cocaine Overdose If you notice the signs and symptoms of cocaine overdose in yourself or someone else, call 911 right away to get emergency medical ... Learn more

  • Using Cocaine While Breastfeeding

    Using Cocaine While Breastfeeding

    Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive stimulant that is easily absorbed into the blood stream. It has a high milk to plasma ratio, meaning it ...

    ... of the drug will likely be higher in her milk than in her blood 1 .The “high” people get after using cocaine is relatively short, but it takes the body a long time to metabolize the drug and get it out of the system ... Learn more

  • Russian Roulette: The Hidden Dangers of Cutting Agents in Cocaine and Heroin

    In the United States, more than 47,000 people die from drug overdoses every year . To make matters worse, drug deaths have recently surpassed ...

    ... 1800s, the drugs look and impact people differently than they did then or even 30 years ago. In 1987, average cocaine was 80% pure; today, its purity is closer to 52%. Likewise, heroin hit a purity high of 58% in 1993 ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Addiction Hotline Numbers

    Call Now 1-888-744-0069 Who Answers? What is Cocaine Addiction? Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that can hook users with its rewarding ...

    ... to be in a crisis when you call), and others give referrals to therapists and other treatment programs. Cocaine addiction hotlines can point you in the direction of resources and support groups in your area. If you or ... Learn more

  • cocaine

    With this help of Google Trends, this unique analysis looks at the illicit trade, economics, and consumption of cocaine on a global scale. ...

    With this help of Google Trends, this unique analysis looks at the illicit trade, economics, and consumption of cocaine on a global scale. Learn more

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  • The Effects of Ritalin Use

    The Effects of Ritalin Use

    Is Ritalin Bad For You? Ritalin (generic name: methylphenidate) is a stimulant prescribed to reduce the effects of Attention Deficit ...

    ... under the following names: Kiddie coke. Diet coke. Poor man's cocaine. Skittles. Smarties. When ... to continue abusing the drug. Symptoms of withdrawal can include: Fatigue. Nightmares. Bouts ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Crack Use

    The Effects of Crack Use

    Is Crack Harmful? Since it first appeared on the illicit drug scene during the 1980s, crack cocaine has solidified its reputation as one of ...

    ... using it just once. Crack Withdrawal and Addiction Treatment Although withdrawal from crack specifically - and cocaine in general - does not cause as many physical symptoms as other recreational drugs, the ... Learn more

  • The Addiction Recovery Journey in 9 Steps

    The specifics of every person's addiction journey are different, but for most people, the path to recovery follows a similar trajectory: a ...

    ... 't exist. It's the stage of withdrawal after the immediate physical sensations have passed, and it can take many ... a couple of years in severe cases—though symptoms generally lessen significantly over time. Whether or not ... Learn more

  • Can You Get Addicted to Crystal Meth After the First Use?

    What is Crystal meth? Crystal meth is a powerful, synthetically made stimulant. It can be ingested orally, injected intravenously, snorted or ...

    ... for crystal meth is twelve times longer than for cocaine, meaning that meth acts on the brain for a ... be squashed by the desire to stave off the symptoms of withdrawal. Addiction has set in when the individual continues ... Learn more

  • Why Is Methamphetamine So Addictive?

    Why Is Methamphetamine So Addictive?

    Methamphetamine is a highly addictive chemically compounded stimulant. Similar in chemical structure to amphetamine, meth is widely and illicitly ...

    ... . Meth and cocaine : This combination puts additional stress on the heart and body, as cocaine is also a ... more protracted period of physical withdrawal begins. Common withdrawal symptoms include Severe depression. ... Learn more

  • 4 Physical Signs You're Addicted to Ritalin

    Ritalin is a stimulant drug used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy. It's ...

    ... know if you're addicted? Here's a look at four physical signs you're hooked: Sign #1 No Energy Kara couldn ... Are you or a loved one experiencing Ritalin withdrawal symptoms? All too often, people start using again ... Learn more

  • Ecstasy Abuse

    Ecstasy Abuse

    Ecstasy is an illegal, synthetic drug of abuse that usually is consumed in pill, tablet, or capsule form. The drug is somewhat unique amongst ...

    ... mixed into the tablets. Ecstasy can stimulate physical activity, which can lead to dehydration. If ... use, as well as the lasting mental health symptoms following withdrawal. It is theorized that some people seek out ... Learn more

  • Crystal Meth Abuse

    Crystal Meth Abuse

    What Is Crystal Meth? Street Names for Crystal Meth Crystal meth is known by many slang terms including: Glass. Blade. Crystal. ...

    ... with any number of symptoms: Increased physical activity. Increased blood pressure ... of the drug more positively than heroin or crack cocaine. Drug education regarding the dangers that come with abuse ... Learn more

  • The Scary Facts About Designer Drugs and Legal Highs

    The Scary Facts About Designer Drugs and Legal Highs

    Read Time: 30 minutes Introduction What Are Designer Drugs and Legal Highs? The terms “designer drugs” and “legal highs” are used ...

    ... more classically thought of “drugs of abuse,” such as cocaine and heroin, people may still begin to manifest signs of ... medical staff. Withdrawal from synthetic cannabinoids may result in physical symptoms similar to that ... Learn more

  • Why Is Crack So Addictive?

    Why Is Crack So Addictive?

    Crack is a very addictive substance due to its potency and the rapid high that results from its particular method of use. ...

    ... usually in a glass pipe - to achieve the desired crack cocaine high. In fact, the name “crack” refers to the ... a certain length of time. Certain characteristic withdrawal symptoms may occur as the body readjusts to the ... Learn more

  • Crack Abuse

    Crack Abuse

    Key Facts About Crack Abuse What Is Crack? What does crack look and smell like? If you're worried that your teenager is doing crack, ...

    ... . This is a controlled withdrawal from crack cocaine that is usually performed at a detox center. Doctors are able to monitor patients for severe physical symptoms of crack withdrawal. Patients may experience intense ... Learn more

  • Commonly Abused Drugs

    Commonly Abused Drugs

    Marijuana Abuse Though illegal to use or have possession of, marijuana is a commonly abused drug and many people are unaware of its ...

    ... , Valium abuse can lead to physical dependence which means that withdrawal will occur when the Valium abuse ... Rather, its primary objective is to relieve withdrawal symptoms while the patient adjusts to being drug ... Learn more

  • This Is Your Brain on Drugs

    This Is Your Brain on Drugs

    Read Time: 20 minutes Readers of a certain age might remember the public service announcements from the late 1980s showing a frying egg with ...

    ... reveal why even though someone who is high on cocaine acts very differently than someone who is abusing heroin, ... is referred to as a withdrawal syndrome. Many of the symptoms of withdrawal are caused by the same ... Learn more

  • If Old Drug Ads Told the Truth

    Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Through the late 19th century and mid-20th century, many of today's illicit drugs of abuse were ...

    ... for all nervous affections.” But as we've seen, cocaine's relationship to the brain is one of toxin rather than ... a quickly-building physical tolerance, which leads to severe symptoms of withdrawal even hours after ... Learn more

  • Drugs A-Z

    What is Acamprosate? Acamprosate is thought to help recovering alcoholics stay sober balancing inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmission. ...

    ... of menopausal hot flashes, dysmenorrhea, opioid withdrawal symptoms, and as a smoking cessation aid. ... and is associated with the development of significant physical dependence and addiction. Find help for Klonopin ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Bath Salts Use

    The Effects of Bath Salts Use

    Are Bath Salts Harmful? The term “bath salts” refers to a family of designer recreational drugs that contain one or more synthetic ...

    ... chemicals work similarly to other psychostimulants like cocaine and methamphetamine, which makes it likely that ... drug, without experiencing negative physical or psychological withdrawal symptoms. In cases of substance ... Learn more

  • Twelve of the Most Addictive Drugs

    Addiction affects millions of lives in the U.S. It is a chronic disease that frequently includes cycles of relapse and remission, and it is ...

    ... if they stop drinking they develop withdrawal symptoms. 16 Alcohol withdrawal can be life-threatening. 17 Cocaine/Crack Cocaine is a stimulant drug that causes dangerous physical effects such as euphoria, increased ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Addiction: Have Scientists Finally Found a Cure?

    Cocaine Addiction: Have Scientists Finally Found a Cure?

    The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports an estimated 1.5 million Americans use cocaine. In 2015, our nation saw more than 6,700 ...

    ... supply of the drug is needed to avoid withdrawal. If deprived of the drug, symptoms of cocaine withdrawal can include severe emotional and physical effects, such as: Fatigue Nervousness and Anxiety Depression ... Learn more

  • Effects of Stimulant Drugs

    Effects of Stimulant Drugs

    Are Stimulants Harmful? Any amount of stimulant abuse can cause damage to the user. Stimulants are a class of ...

    ... (including crystal meth). Cocaine (including crack cocaine). Depending on the drug ... 2 . Common symptoms of withdrawal from stimulants include 2 : Mental and physical exhaustion. Insomnia. ... Learn more

  • Drugs and Pregnancy

    Drugs and Pregnancy

    Using drugs or drinking alcohol while pregnant can create a number of health issues for both mother and child. An increased risk of stillbirth and ...

    ... spectrum disorders involve negative consequences affecting the physical, mental, and behavioral health of your ... be born with NAS, experiencing painful withdrawal symptoms after birth. Treatment for Drug Addiction ... Learn more

  • Long-Term Drug Addiction Effects

    Long-Term Drug Addiction Effects

    The longer an addiction lasts, the more stress and strain it puts on the individual. There is an overwhelming number of long-term physical and ...

    ... individual. There is an overwhelming number of long-term physical and emotional effects addiction can have that can easily ... part of their withdrawal syndromes. 4 Paranoia. Some drugs, like cocaine and marijuana, can ... Learn more

  • Mixing Alcohol with Drugs

    Mixing alcohol with prescription drugs or illicit drugs (known as polysubstance use), can have dangerous health effects that many people may not ...

    ... offering a safe, monitored environment to ease physical dependence from substances being used. 12 Medical ... can be provided to help manage withdrawal symptoms from certain substances including alcohol, benzodiazepines ... Learn more

  • Snorting Valium

    Snorting Valium

    Valium is a prescription sedative medication that falls into the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines 1 . Also available as generic diazepam, ...

    ... develop physical dependence and may experience severe and sometimes dangerous withdrawal symptoms when ... it may damage the nose in ways similar to cocaine. Trying to quit benzodiazepines like Valium can be challenging ... Learn more

  • Stimulant Withdrawal

    Stimulant Withdrawal

    Stimulants are substances that increase the activity of several neurotransmitter systems throughout the brain, and are capable of creating a state ...

    ... stops using stimulants, they may experience a series of unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Often, the physical and mental effects that present during detox and withdrawal resemble a near-opposite of the substance's primary ... Learn more

  • Why Are Prescription Stimulants So Addictive?

    Why Are Prescription Stimulants So Addictive?

    The prescription stimulants are very prevalent pharmaceutical agents, frequently used for the management of narcolepsy and Attention Deficit ...

    ... for an extended period of time, the body can develop a physical dependence on the drug. This means that the body doesn't ... people from abuse. The Withdrawal Process Withdrawal symptoms are variable and depend ... Learn more

  • OxyContin Abuse

    OxyContin Abuse

    What Is OxyContin? OxyContin is a branded formulation of the powerful opioid painkiller , oxycodone. It is prescribed to manage cases of ...

    ... of withdrawal symptoms when the user is unable to take OxyContin. These withdrawal symptoms may ... sometimes caused by OxyContin addiction or dependence: Physical Risks Associated with Method of Use Needle ... Learn more

  • Why Don’t We Have Addiction Vaccines?

    After three decades of research, people with addiction still have few medication options. While there are a handful of modestly effective ...

    ... Pennsylvania. 2 “You want it to take away withdrawal symptoms, you want it to reduce craving and you want ... nicotine and cocaine vaccines, patient compliance has been a key issue. If the physical and psychological ... Learn more

  • Side Effects of Zolpidem Abuse

    Side Effects of Zolpidem Abuse

    Is Zolpidem Harmful? Zolpidem is a hypnotic, or sleep-promoting substance, found in some prescription insomnia medications, including the ...

    ... drug, which can quickly escalate into a full-blown addiction 3, 4 . Zolpidem's Short-Term Effects ... they must continue taking the drug to avoid withdrawal symptoms. Dependence often goes hand in hand with addiction ... Learn more

  • Wellbutrin Abuse

    Wellbutrin Abuse

    Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Aplenzin, Zyban) is a drug that is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat depression, seasonal ...

    ... bupropion abuse as similar to that of stimulants such as cocaine or amphetamine 2,5,7 . In at least one case ... to the physical risk of abusing bupropion, some abusers have experienced symptoms of withdrawal when they ... Learn more

  • What Are Hallucinogens?

    What Are Hallucinogens?

    Hallucinogens are drugs that alter the user's thinking processes and perception in a manner that leads to significant distortions of reality 1 . ...

    ... to result in the development of physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms are uncommon 9 . DMT ... drinks 20 . It is often used in conjunction with cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamine, or MDMA (Ecstasy) 20 . ... Learn more

  • Demerol Abuse

    Demerol Abuse

    Demerol, also known by the street name “demmies” and the generic name meperidine , is a prescription opioid painkiller. Demerol is used to ...

    ... serious physical and psychological consequences. Symptoms of Demerol Withdrawal Demerol withdrawal can ... “hard” drugs, like the opiate heroin , or cocaine. An article in the Journal of Adolescent Health lists ... Learn more

  • Effects of Drug Abuse on the Male and Female Reproductive Systems

    Effects of Drug Abuse on the Male and Female Reproductive Systems

    Substance abuse can negatively impact the reproductive health of both sexes in a number of ways and may contribute to serious problems like ...

    ... women are generally more vulnerable to the long-term physical effects of drugs and alcohol compared to men 2 ... on the drugs their mothers take and go through withdrawal shortly after birth. This is common in infants ... Learn more

  • At Home Drug Detox Methods

    How Does Detoxing from Drugs Work? Detoxing from drugs can take place in a number of settings, and while it may be tempting to attempt it at ...

    ... in drugs such as heroin, Vicodin, cocaine, marijuana, alcohol, and other potentially dangerous ... and concurrent mental health symptoms. Your physical health/medical history. Previous withdrawal and detox attempts. ... Learn more

  • How to Treat Stimulant Addiction

    How to Treat Stimulant Addiction

    The stimulants are a broad class of substances that affect the nervous system in a way that leads to increased activity across a number of mental ...

    ... increased activity across a number of mental and physical processes—serving, in varying degrees, to boost ... becomes dependent on the substance, they will experience withdrawal symptoms if they are unable to use or are ... Learn more

  • Treatment for LSD Abuse

    Treatment for LSD Abuse

    Psychoactive substances, by definition, change the way people think and feel. Hallucinogens do this in a unique way, by altering the way that ...

    ... 't induce powerful physical cravings in the same way that drugs like heroin and cocaine will, the effects ... sustained use does not result in marked withdrawal symptoms like those commonly associated with physically ... Learn more

  • Medication-Assisted Treatment for Drug Abuse

    Medication-Assisted Treatment for Drug Abuse

    Many people believe that using medication in the treatment of substance use disorders is trading one addiction for another. However, according ...

    ... taking methadone would likely still experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms if methadone therapy were to suddenly ... of the brain's white matter integrity in cocaine-addicted patients 15 . While still in clinical trials ... Learn more

  • Top 10 Myths (and Realities) About Drug Addiction

    Top 10 Myths (and Realities) About Drug Addiction

    More than many other topics, addiction is surrounded by myths and misinformation. Substance abuse is a hugely emotional issue and opinions on the ...

    ... experience varied levels of physical and mental distress for a period. This is known as withdrawal and it can be ... symptoms of drug abuse. Myth #7: Only “Hard” Drugs are Dangerous Drugs like heroin , cocaine ... Learn more

  • Why Are Amphetamines So Addictive?

    Why Are Amphetamines So Addictive?

    Amphetamines are a class of synthetic drugs that similarly stimulate the central nervous system (CNS). They are prescribed for legitimate use ...

    ... those of cocaine. Through their ... physical or mental distress or lead to social/interpersonal problems. Craving amphetamines when not using them. Developing a tolerance to the drug. Experiencing withdrawal symptoms ... Learn more

  • Substance Abuse FAQs

    Substance Abuse FAQs

    What is addiction? There are a plethora of definitions for addiction, but all encompass the concept of a strong compulsion to engage in a ...

    ... the continuum. For example, someone presenting with 2-3 symptoms from the list seen above will typically be diagnostic ... , such as cocaine, depression is common withdrawal effect. While physical dependence is an ... Learn more

  • What Causes Addiction?

    “Whether or not we look at addiction as a “disease,” we can clearly see that changes in the brain do occur that promote continued use.” ...

    ... brain and also due to avoidance of withdrawal symptoms that present when dependence develops. The Brain ... Claim A: All or most people who use heroin or cocaine beyond a certain minimum amount become addicted. Claim B: ... Learn more

  • How to Help a Ritalin Addict

    How to Help a Ritalin Addict

    Help for Ritalin Addicts Ritalin (generic name: methylphenidate) is a highly addictive prescription stimulant medication used to treat ...

    ... addiction is not simply about recognizing the physical symptoms. Someone struggling with addiction may also ... of the body of the body from the drug. Withdrawal from stimulants like Ritalin can be very uncomfortable. A ... Learn more

  • Spice Abuse

    Spice Abuse

    What Is Spice? “Spice” is a term commonly used to refer to a blend of dried plant material that is laced with a synthetic cannabinoid. ...

    ... Symptoms of Use Symptoms of Spice abuse vary and can include physical and cognitive symptoms. Physical Signs and Symptoms ... schizophrenia-related symptoms. Users may also face a cohort of withdrawal symptoms, which may ... Learn more

  • Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome

    Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome

    What Is Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome? Post-acute-withdrawal syndrome (PAWS) refers to a constellation of symptoms experienced by some ...

    ... intense physical withdrawal symptoms have ... cocaine and amphetamine provide some of the clearest evidence that PAWS is a true medical condition, and not simply an extension of acute withdrawal. The psychological symptoms ... Learn more

  • PCP Abuse

    PCP Abuse

    What Is PCP? Street Names It has a variety of street names, including “Angel Dust”. In some cases, either nicotine or ...

    ... abuse and may lead to severe dependence (psychological or physical). It's usually sold as a white powder, although ... off the drug. Because PCP withdrawal can induce certain symptoms that can be dangerous such as ... Learn more

  • Drug Abuse Information and How Substance Abuse Starts

    Substance Abuse: An Introduction No matter how hopeless the situation seems, it is never too late to turn things around. ...

    ... drugs like heroin and cocaine are abused any time they ... symptoms that are both physical and behavioral, including: Sudden mood swings. Changes in normal behavior. Lack of hygiene and grooming. Withdrawal ... Learn more

  • Side Effects of Librium Use

    Side Effects of Librium Use

    Librium , which is a brand name formulation of chlordiazepoxide, belongs to a class of sedative medications known as benzodiazepines . ...

    ... : Self-manage symptoms of opioid or alcohol withdrawal . Come down from a cocaine high. Increase the ... , as well as other complications. Physical Side Effects Physical side effects may include 1, 5 ... Learn more

  • Heroin Overdose

    Heroin Overdose

    Heroin is one of the most common, addictive, and lethal drugs in the world. A morphine derivative, heroin is sold illegally in the form of white or ...

    ... response that somewhat opposes the effects of heroin. Because cocaine, for example, is a stimulant and heroin is ... or naltrexone to alleviate the more several withdrawal symptoms and cravings to reduce relapse risk. ... Learn more

  • Drug Overdose Signs and Symptoms

    Drug abuse always carries the risk of serious side effects, including overdose. Whether you abuse alcohol, an illegal drug such as cocaine, or ...

    ... possibly save a life. Signs and Symptoms of Drug Overdose The physical and psychological signs of a drug overdose ... program for help and support in managing withdrawal and reducing cravings at this early stage of ... Learn more

  • Snorting Adderall

    Snorting Adderall

    What is Adderall? Adderall is a prescription stimulant used and abused for its ability to increase energy and mental focus, as well as for its ...

    ... 3 . Both Adderall IR and XR can lead to physical dependence, tolerance, and addiction . Can Adderall be Snorted ... they will often experience a set of withdrawal symptoms that may make quitting extremely difficult. ... Learn more

  • Painkiller Detox and Withdrawal

    Painkiller Detox and Withdrawal

    Prescription painkillers are opioid medications that manage pain and, furthermore, exhibit activity throughout the brain's pleasure centers. Their ...

    ... physical dependency on opioid painkillers has set in, a withdrawal syndrome is frequently experienced when use of the drugs stops. The severity of withdrawal symptoms ... for heroin and cocaine overdose (Volkow, Frieden ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Flakka Use

    Is Flakka Harmful? Flakka is as potent as methamphetamine, yet with an even higher propensity for addiction development in those who ...

    ... Flakka can rival some of the strongest crystal meth and cocaine . Long-Term Effects Long-term effects are not ... environment where: A person's physical symptoms can be stabilized. Psychological issues can ... Learn more

  • A Closer Look at the History and Use of Cocaine

    Cocaine is a popular CNS (central nervous system) stimulant that is naturally derived from the cocoa plant, which is most commonly grown in ...

    ... is benzoylmethyl ecgonine (C17H21NO4), users refer to cocaine as coke, snow, blow, nose candy, dust, white lady, toot and ... is not believed to cause physical dependence, many people find cocaine to be highly addictive on ... Learn more

  • List of Street Names for Drugs

    List of Street Names for Drugs

    People actively abusing legal or illicit substances can get pretty creative when it comes to devising a list of slang terms—ranging from avoiding ...

    ... Blow Bump C Charlie Coke Snow Toot Coca Soda Cot - Back to List - Crack Crack Cocaine ... can sometimes elicit psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations ... Learn more

  • Rapper’s Shocking On-Stage Antics are Cause for Concern

    A Florida rapper by the name of “Stitches” has earned a name for himself as of late, but for all the wrong reasons. The joker-like face ...

    ... . In it, Stitches brags about his coke-dealing past and says things like “Better have my money when I come to collect” and “I love selling blow!” He also raps about selling cocaine to “pregnant b*tches” in another ... Learn more

  • From Snort to Synapse: We Map Out Cocaine's Trip in Your Brain

    The powder is perfectly lined on the table. With no straw handy, you roll up a Washington and seconds later, the snow is gone. Inhaled into your ...

    ... forever. What does this trip look like? Let's join the coke as it makes its way through your system. The Cocaine Trip Working its way around the mucus, cocaine finds its way to the blood vessels in your nose. And ... Learn more

  • Methylphenidate Abuse

    Methylphenidate Abuse

    Methylphenidate is a psycho-stimulant drug that works on the central nervous system. It is frequently prescribed as a treatment for ADHD ...

    ... effects of methylphenidate can mimic the effects of cocaine. There are many signs of methylphenidate abuse that ... and how long withdrawal symptoms will last. Some of the withdrawal symptoms of methylphenidate use ... Learn more

  • Drug Abuse and Cardiovascular Health Risks

    Drug Abuse and Cardiovascular Health Risks

    Both illicit and prescription drugs present many risks to individuals who abuse them. Drug abuse affects the brain in many ways that may lead to ...

    ... organ systems and influencing a decline in general physical health. The cardiovascular system is one system ... illicit and prescription drugs such as: Cocaine (coke, crack). Amphetamine (Adderall) and other ... Learn more

  • Meet Cocaine and Her Wicked Step-Child, Crack

    What's the difference in cocaine and crack? If you're like a lot of people, you know there is a difference between the two…you just don't ...

    ... physical forms, cocaine and crack are abused differently. Cocaine: Since it's a powder, cocaine ... 5 minutes. The main difference in cocaine and crack is the length of the high. While coke can be felt up to two hours ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Ketamine Use

    Is Ketamine Harmful? “It's easy to get ketamine abuse wrong because of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so ...

    ... of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so it's easy to accidentally ... to seek help. Detox doesn't have to result in withdrawal symptoms. If you find that you're in trouble with the ... Learn more

  • Why Isn’t Anyone Talking About a Resurgence of Cocaine in the U.S.?

    Why Isn’t Anyone Talking About a Resurgence of Cocaine in the U.S.?

    According to the DEA's annual Drug Threat Assessment cocaine use is on the rise. It looks as if, while in the midst of an opioid epidemic, a lethal ...

    ... these numbers have started to climb again, reaching over 6,700 in 2015. Coke Smugglers Do the Darnedest Things In 2016, 92 percent of cocaine seized in the U.S. came from Columbia, with the remainder originating in ... Learn more

  • Common Neurological Risks of Drug Abuse

    Common Neurological Risks of Drug Abuse

    While substance abuse may cause a user to feel a short-lived euphoria or impart a sense of temporary well-being, the adverse effects can be ...

    ... 5 . Traumatic brain injuries are often a result of a sudden blow to the head or an object piercing the brain through the skull ... which psychotic symptoms like paranoia get worse with continued cocaine use. ... Learn more

  • 30 Famous Athletes Who Have Battled Drug Addiction and Alcoholism

    1. Michael Phelps Eight-time Olympic gold medalist swimmer Michael Phelps has not only plunged into the water, but into drugs. In 2009, he lost ...

    ... the Boston Celtics, two days later died of a cocaine overdose . 11. Marcus Camby Toronto Raptor Marcus Camby ... struggled with drugs early on in his rookie season—”coke was the only bright spot in my future,” he ... Learn more

  • Before You Crank the Engine, Take a Deep Breath and Blow

    If you've ever been convicted of a drunk driving offense , you're probably more than familiar with a car breathalyzer (also known as an interlock ...

    If you've ever been convicted of a drunk driving offense , you're probably more than familiar with a car breathalyzer (also known as an interlock device). And though they can be a nuisance at times, it turns out they ... Learn more

  • Let’s Talk Truth: Exactly How Long Do Drugs Stay in Your System?

    If you throw back a beer on Friday night, it's out of your system by Monday morning. But, what about other drugs? Most drugs linger a bit longer ...

    ... Joe and his friends just played their last game. Coke-Laiden Pink Slip After six months of searching, Kevin finally landed a great job. He uses cocaine frequently, but managed to pass his employer's drug test ... Learn more

  • Five Reasons Spice is a Dangerous “Last Resort” Drug

    Spice is one of the newer drug is in town and its wreaking havoc among the homeless, military personnel, students, prisoners and those on probation ...

    ... minutes. Sadly, the onset of withdrawal symptoms occurs startlingly fast and can result ... little as $2 to score a “hit” of Spice. When users blow all their savings on “expensive” drugs like OxyContin or even heroin, the ... Learn more

  • Holiday Highs and Lows

    For many Americans, the end of the year brings images of happy families gathered around a Christmas tree, big dinners of turkey and stuffing, ...

    ... . Some individuals experience high amounts of chronic or temporary stress but choose not to drink. They may blow off steam in other ways, such as exercise. Others turn to alcohol when they become stressed. For those ... Learn more

  • I’m a Millionaire and I Need to Go to Rehab. Where Do I Go?

    You've realized you have an issue, whether it's a heroin or coke addiction or a sex addiction, so you need to find somewhere nice to attend ...

    You've realized you have an issue, whether it's a heroin or coke addiction or a sex addiction, so you need to find somewhere nice to attend rehab. Naturally, you want somewhere that's a little more exclusive to avoid ... Learn more

  • A Sober Bridesmaid Reflects on Her Sister’s Bachelorette Weekend

    “Is it really my job to wash the vomit out of your hair?” Jeana swore under her breath as her sister's drunk bridesmaids took turns puking. ...

    ... now, and it felt like she was waking up from a long sleep. She sipped on her sixth Diet Coke while the bridesmaids got progressively drunker. They were ordering shots and she couldn't help but be annoyed. Her sister ... Learn more

  • 8 Tips for Coming Out of the Addiction Closet

    To many, the term “alcoholic” carries a very negative connotation - one that implies being a loser or a failure. It's no mystery, then, why ...

    ... I was better equipped at admitting my drinking problem and prison experience to strangers. Tip 6: Cushion the Blow Chances are, your friends and family already know that you have a drinking problem. Maybe it was the ... Learn more

  • Drugs and Cancer Risk

    Drugs and Cancer Risk

    Despite the declines in the death rate over the last 20 years, cancer continues to be one of the most prevalent public health issues in the US. ...

    ... a tea. Khat has been linked to a number of physical and mental health problems including cancer of the mouth . It ... toxic and cancer-causing 16 . Cocaine . It is a common practice of cocaine dealers to add or mix in ... Learn more

  • History of Drug Abuse

    History of Drug Abuse

    History of Substance Abuse Rehabilitation As drugs have been abused for hundreds of years all over the world, their effects have ...

    ... to full-blown addiction and the bevy of side effects that come with it. As the physical and mental ... and these naturally became known as the Opium Wars. Cocaine was isolated in 1884 and quickly became yet another widespread ... Learn more

  • When Does Medical Marijuana Use Morph into Full-Blown Addiction?

    In more US states, marijuana is becoming legalized and socially accepted as treatment for a range of illnesses. But, like many medicines, it can ...

    ... pointed out that rates for marijuana dependency are much lower than for alcohol, cocaine, heroin or nicotine,that withdrawal symptoms are less severe, and that death from a pot overdose is nearly impossible. Mitchell ... Learn more

  • Symptoms and Signs of Substance Abuse

    Symptoms and Signs of Substance Abuse

    How to tell if Someone is Using Drugs Drug use affects people from all walks of life and all socioeconomic statuses. Whatever the reason a person ...

    ... the user even realizes it. 1 When a full-blown substance-use disorder (SUD) develops, it can be ... and symptoms. These may include physical or behavioral symptoms—most likely both. What are Physical Signs of ... Learn more

  • The 10 Most Insane Drug Addict Movie Characters

    Insanity is a hard thing to define, but there are a number of characters in films who are definitely nuts in some way. Here's a quick rundown: 1. ...

    ... drug deal. 2. Eddie Nash Eddie Nash was a cocaine trader in the film Wonderland. A kingpin of the Los ... film about the drug trade in Miami, and it's a coked-up Tony Montana who gets the insane label. Played by Al ... Learn more

  • 9 Mind-Blowing Facts About W-18

    Just when we thought things couldn't get any worse than fentanyl … The street-drug market has a new player - and it's even deadlier than ...

    ... need immediate medical attention.” Fatal Symptoms: The symptoms of W-18 exposure include ... is 100 times more potent. It can also be cut with cocaine or other drugs in unknown amounts. Pills and powders containing ... Learn more

  • Meth Abuse

    Meth Abuse

    Summary Methamphetamine is a psychostimulant often abused for the euphoric “high” it provides. Some signs of abuse include ...

    ... . Meth use can lead to many detrimental physical and mental effects over time. Some of ... even when not taking the drug. In addition to symptoms caused by the drug itself, methamphetamine users are ... Learn more

  • 5 NFL Players Who Tackled Their Addictions

    Drugs and alcohol have become a major part of NFL culture. From March 2013 to March 2014, NFL players were arrested 27 times on drug charges, and ...

    ... limit, which he attributed to “six Captain and Cokes.” Maualuga pleaded guilty and was assessed seven days ... painkillers by his senior year of college, but heroin, cocaine and alcohol were his primary drugs of choice. He ... Learn more

  • What It’s Like to Be an Alcoholic Woman

    Before the turn of the century, alcoholism was generally thought of as a “man's” problem. My, how things have changed… For years, ...

    ... faster than it did when they were younger. 8 Despite the physical and mental challenges, women aren't doomed to live out their lives as full-blown alcoholics. In fact, older women (and men) respond to treatment just ... Learn more

  • Drug Guide for Parents

    Drug Guide for Parents

    According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) 1 : 27 million people in the U.S. over age 12 abused ...

    ... substance that appears like dark pieces of wax 8 . Physical items to note: Heroin use involves a large amount of ... short in duration 8 . What crack cocaine does: Crack cocaine's effects will be felt just seconds ... Learn more

  • First Responders Worry About Accidental Fentanyl Exposure

    Fentanyl. It's known to be 50 times more potent than heroin, and a speck the size of a few grains of salt can kill. By now, you've probably ...

    ... into 2017 as street drugs like heroin and cocaine are unknowingly laced with fentanyl. Proceed With Caution ... accidentally comes in contact with his skin or the wind blows it in his face, he could have a serious problem ... Learn more

  • The Explosion of Hash Oil

    The Explosion of Hash Oil

    Much like any other area of our culture, the illicit drug market experiences trends in the rise and fall of new products, from crack cocaine to ...

    ... and fall of new products, from crack cocaine to OxyContin to methamphetamine . Drug manufacturers ... of marijuana is on the rise, interest in hash oil is blowing up - and unfortunately, so are the labs. Fair Use: ... Learn more

  • Can You Get Addicted to Crack After the First Use?

    Can You Get Addicted to Crack After the First Use?

    Crack, a solid, crystallized form of cocaine , is smoked and taken in through the lungs. Also called “freebase cocaine,” crack was first seen ...

    ... result in physical dependence , crack use - especially in binge fashion - can cause a deadly overdose . Overdosing on cocaine (“cocaine toxicity”) is indicated by the following symptoms: Sweating. Tremors ... Learn more

  • Crack History and Statistics

    Crack History and Statistics

    Crack cocaine is a highly addictive drug of abuse that has intense stimulant properties. Typically, the user will feel a rush of excitement ...

    ... . During this time, the US market was flooded with cocaine to the point that there was more of the drug ... drug on any level. Use only leads to problems with physical health, mental health, problems with the law, and loss ... Learn more

  • Stimulant Drug Abuse

    Stimulant Drug Abuse

    Stimulants, both illicit and prescription, are known to increase energy and alertness. Prescription stimulants can offer therapeutic benefits ...

    ... 12 and older showed that 5.5 million people reported using cocaine within the last year. In that same time period, 4. ... signs and symptoms of stimulant abuse. The side effects of stimulants on your physical health and ... Learn more

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NREMT
Ryan Kelley is a nationally registered Emergency Medical Technician and the former managing editor of the Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS). During his time at JEMS, Ryan developed Mobile Integrated Healthcare in Action, a series of in-depth articles on Community Paramedicine programs across the country that go beyond transporting patients to emergency rooms and connects specific patients, such as repeat system users, the homeless and others with behavioral health issues and substance use disorders, to definitive long-term care and treatment. In his current capacity as Medical Editor for American Addiction Centers, Ryan works to provide accurate, authoritative information to those seeking help for substance abuse and behavioral health issues.

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