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withdrawal syndrome of cocaine

  • Why Are Prescription Stimulants So Addictive?

    Why Are Prescription Stimulants So Addictive?

    The prescription stimulants are very prevalent pharmaceutical agents, frequently used for the management of narcolepsy and Attention Deficit ...

    ... that is very similar to illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine . Specifically, stimulants cause a buildup ... relapse as a response to the unpleasant withdrawal syndrome, as well as safeguard against dangerous ... Learn more

  • Prescription Drug Abuse Problem

    For some time now, the abuse of illicit substances such as marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine and heroin has been a persistent national problem. ...

    ... the abuse of illicit substances such as marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine and heroin has been a persistent national ... effect) , as well as a marked withdrawal syndrome should they be stopped. Both of these phenomena ... Learn more

  • Prescription Painkiller FAQ

    Prescription Painkiller FAQ

    Prescription painkillers are opioid medications used to manage pain of moderately high to very high severity (such as pain associated with surgical ...

    ... opioid abuse are as follows: Growing tolerance and increased risk of overdose. Acute opioid withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use. Sleep apnea. Falls and fractures. Sexual dysfunction. Perforated nasal ... Learn more

  • Concurrent Alcohol and Ambien Abuse

    Concurrent Alcohol and Ambien Abuse

    Ambien is the brand name for the sedative-hypnotic (i.e., sleep aid) drug, zolpidem. It is a central nervous system depressant, meaning that ...

    ... -health\/overview-alcohol-consumption\/alcohol-facts-and-statistics Bayard, M., & Mcintyre, J. (2004). Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome. American Family Physician, 69(6), 1443-1450. Retrieved February 17, 2016. "} Learn more

  • Concurrent Alcohol and Fentanyl Abuse

    Concurrent Alcohol and Fentanyl Abuse

    Alcohol and Fentanyl Abuse Alcohol and fentanyl are drugs of dependence that are dangerous and highly addictive. Frequent or long-term use ...

    ... steps to ending one's dependence on fentanyl and alcohol is to complete a period of detox and withdrawal. This process will alleviate the physical dependence by allowing the short-term effects of alcohol and fentanyl ... Learn more

  • Related results

  • The Effects of Crack Use

    The Effects of Crack Use

    Is Crack Harmful? Since it first appeared on the illicit drug scene during the 1980s, crack cocaine has solidified its reputation as one of ...

    ... tolerance. Severe, unpleasant withdrawal syndrome. Mood disorders including ... you or someone you love needs help addressing a problem with crack cocaine, you can call 1-888-744-0069 Who Answers? any time ... Learn more

  • Methylphenidate Abuse

    Methylphenidate Abuse

    Methylphenidate is a psycho-stimulant drug that works on the central nervous system. It is frequently prescribed as a treatment for ADHD ...

    ... intravenously, the effects of methylphenidate can mimic the effects of cocaine. There are many signs of methylphenidate abuse that may show ... and vomiting. OCD-like syndrome. Social withdrawal. Thoughts of suicide. ... Learn more

  • Crack Abuse

    Crack Abuse

    Key Facts About Crack Abuse What Is Crack? What does crack look and smell like? If you're worried that your teenager is doing crack, ...

    ... may experience what is known as a post-acute withdrawal syndrome , in which symptoms can extend well past the acute ... . (2013). Cocaine . National Institute on Drug Abuse. (n.d.). Cocaine (Coke, Crack) Facts ... Learn more

  • How to Help a Steroid Addict

    How to Help a Steroid Addict

    Help for Steroids Addicts People who are addicted to steroids may need professional help to stop taking the drug. While the dependency that ...

    ... serious steroid withdrawal symptoms may be managed. The anabolic steroid withdrawal syndrome may vary ... http:\/\/www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov\/pmc\/articles\/PMC2646607\/ Brower, K. J., Blow, F. C., Young, J. P., & Hill, E. M. ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Ketamine Use

    Is Ketamine Harmful? “It's easy to get ketamine abuse wrong because of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so ...

    ... of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so it's easy to accidentally overdose ... withdrawal syndrome. This minimizes the need for close medical supervision throughout a period of withdrawal ... Learn more

  • The Addiction Recovery Journey in 9 Steps

    The specifics of every person's addiction journey are different, but for most people, the path to recovery follows a similar trajectory: a ...

    ... . #4. Early Sobriety + PAWS Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS) is a controversial topic: some people ... every day than struggle to the corner store for a can of Coke, you'll start to reap the rewards in all areas of ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Withdrawal

    Cocaine Withdrawal

    According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), nearly 5 million people 12 and older abused cocaine within the year prior to the 2012 ...

    ... support the phenomenon of a protracted withdrawal syndrome - or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS) - for cocaine. To learn more, visit our page on Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome . Can Medications Help? Attempts ... Learn more

  • Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome

    Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome

    What Is Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome? Post-acute-withdrawal syndrome (PAWS) refers to a constellation of symptoms experienced by some ...

    ... post-withdrawal, protracted withdrawal, prolonged withdrawal syndrome, ... cocaine and amphetamine provide some of the clearest evidence that PAWS is a true medical condition, and not simply an extension of acute withdrawal ... Learn more

  • Drugs and Pregnancy

    Drugs and Pregnancy

    Using drugs or drinking alcohol while pregnant can create a number of health issues for both mother and child. An increased risk of stillbirth and ...

    ... on the fetus. 5 It is known that cocaine exaggerates the normal cardiovascular changes you experience during ... in-utero. 1 NAS is a postnatal withdrawal syndrome that impacts the infant with effects including ... Learn more

  • Drug Withdrawal

    What Is Drug Withdrawal? Withdrawal is the various symptoms that a person may experience if they suddenly stop using or abruptly reduce the ...

    ... Withdrawal Stimulant withdrawal involves withdrawing from drugs such as cocaine , ... ., Mcintyre, J., Hill, K.R., Woodside, J. (2004). Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome . Am Fam Physician, 69(6): 1443-1450. Miller, S. C ... Learn more

  • Effects of Drug Abuse on the Male and Female Reproductive Systems

    Effects of Drug Abuse on the Male and Female Reproductive Systems

    Substance abuse can negatively impact the reproductive health of both sexes in a number of ways and may contribute to serious problems like ...

    ... the drugs their mothers take and go through withdrawal shortly after birth. This is common in ... hours between the last drink and breastfeeding. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) — SIDS is the leading cause of infant ... Learn more

  • Snorting Tramadol

    Snorting Tramadol

    Tramadol is a medication prescribed to treat moderate to moderately severe pain in adults and, in its extended release forms, to manage certain ...

    ... they will often undergo a very uncomfortable withdrawal syndrome marked by 2 : Flu-like symptoms. ... Drug Abuse . National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). DrugFacts: Cocaine . Rosenbaum, C. D., Boyle, K. L., & ... Learn more

  • This Is Your Brain on Drugs

    This Is Your Brain on Drugs

    Read Time: 20 minutes Readers of a certain age might remember the public service announcements from the late 1980s showing a frying egg with ...

    ... reveal why even though someone who is high on cocaine acts very differently than someone who is abusing heroin ... years. These symptoms are known as post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS) and are thought to be caused by ... Learn more

  • Adderall Withdrawal

    Adderall Withdrawal

    Adderall, a branded formulation of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine , is a stimulant that doctors prescribe for the management of: Attention ...

    ... high similar to illicit stimulants like cocaine and methamphetamine . People also abuse Adderall ... amphetamine use may be associated with an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome—the severity of which will be relative to ... Learn more

  • Long-Term Drug Addiction Effects

    Long-Term Drug Addiction Effects

    The longer an addiction lasts, the more stress and strain it puts on the individual. There is an overwhelming number of long-term physical and ...

    ... drugs, like benzodiazepines, can bring about increased anxiety as part of their withdrawal syndromes. 4 Paranoia. Some drugs, like cocaine and marijuana, can cause feelings of paranoia that may amplify with long-term ... Learn more

  • Zoloft Use in Substance Abuse Treatment

    Zoloft Use in Substance Abuse Treatment

    Zoloft (sertraline hydrochloride) is a commonly prescribed antidepressant that belongs to a group of drugs called selective serotonin-reuptake ...

    ... of drug withdrawal . For instance, when people who have struggled with cocaine abuse go through withdrawal, it ... 6 Suicidality. Serotonin syndrome . Neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Hyponatremia (dangerously low ... Learn more

  • Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Symptoms and Getting Treatment

    Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Symptoms and Getting Treatment

    What Is Benzodiazepines? Benzodiazepines, or “benzos,” are central nervous system depressants commonly prescribed to manage a variety of ...

    ... withdrawal Heroin withdrawal Cocaine withdrawal Stimulant withdrawal Alcohol withdrawal Methadone withdrawal Marijuana withdrawal Suboxone withdrawal Adderall withdrawal ... withdrawal syndrome ... Learn more

  • Side Effects of Librium Use

    Side Effects of Librium Use

    Librium , which is a brand name formulation of chlordiazepoxide, belongs to a class of sedative medications known as benzodiazepines . ...

    ... managing the symptoms of alcohol and other sedative withdrawal syndromes 1, 2, 3, 4 . Benzodiazepines are ... symptoms of opioid or alcohol withdrawal . Come down from a cocaine high. Increase the euphoric high ... Learn more

  • Detox Types and Options

    Detox Types and Options

    Formal detox is often the first and one of the most important steps in the drug addiction recovery process, as a person may better benefit from ...

    ... Tremors Seizures Stimulants (e.g., cocaine, meth, Ritalin, Adderall): 1 ... its challenges. The potential for an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome presents perhaps the most prominent challenges associated with ... Learn more

  • Why Is Crack So Addictive?

    Why Is Crack So Addictive?

    Crack is a very addictive substance due to its potency and the rapid high that results from its particular method of use. ...

    ... in a glass pipe - to achieve the desired crack cocaine high. In fact, the name “crack” refers to ... ve developed a crack dependency will experience a stimulant withdrawal syndrome when the drug is no longer available, or ... Learn more

  • How to Treat Stimulant Addiction

    How to Treat Stimulant Addiction

    The stimulants are a broad class of substances that affect the nervous system in a way that leads to increased activity across a number of mental ...

    ... drugs that are encountered both predominantly illicitly (e.g., cocaine, crystal meth) as well as legally, in the case ... manage the acute withdrawal syndrome. If use has already ended, withdrawal symptoms should be ... Learn more

  • Painkiller Detox and Withdrawal

    Painkiller Detox and Withdrawal

    Prescription painkillers are opioid medications that manage pain and, furthermore, exhibit activity throughout the brain's pleasure centers. Their ...

    ... exceeding the combined death rates for heroin and cocaine overdose (Volkow, Frieden, Hyde & Cha, ... While it is possible to detox alone, the withdrawal syndrome can be sufficiently intense to trigger relapse even in ... Learn more

  • Effects of Stimulant Drugs

    Effects of Stimulant Drugs

    Are Stimulants Harmful? Any amount of stimulant abuse can cause damage to the user. Stimulants are a class of ...

    ... individuals may experience a stimulant withdrawal syndrome when use of the drug stops ... & Fineschi, V. (2012). Side effects of cocaine abuse: multiorgan toxicity and pathological consequences . Current Medicinal ... Learn more

  • Snorting Valium

    Snorting Valium

    Valium is a prescription sedative medication that falls into the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines 1 . Also available as generic diazepam, ...

    ... is important because the acute withdrawal syndrome often associated with quitting can pose ... of prescription drugs . National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). DrugFacts: Cocaine . Lofwall, M. R., Moody, D. E., Fang, W. ... Learn more

  • How to Help Someone with Alcohol Addiction

    How to Help Someone with Alcohol Addiction

    Most adults can moderately drink alcohol with little to no harm, with 86.3% of people 19 and older reporting they drank alcohol at some point in ...

    ... to consider when looking for treatment: Medical detox . The withdrawal syndrome from alcohol can be very dangerous, sometimes inducing seizures and ... Alcohol Bath Salts Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth ... Learn more

  • What Are Hallucinogens?

    What Are Hallucinogens?

    Hallucinogens are drugs that alter the user's thinking processes and perception in a manner that leads to significant distortions of reality 1 . ...

    ... 20 . It is often used in conjunction with cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamine, or MDMA (Ecstasy) 20 . ... withdrawal symptoms in some individuals, but insufficient research exists to support a ketamine withdrawal syndrome ... Learn more

  • Why Are Amphetamines So Addictive?

    Why Are Amphetamines So Addictive?

    Amphetamines are a class of synthetic drugs that similarly stimulate the central nervous system (CNS). They are prescribed for legitimate use ...

    ... stimulant effects that are similar to those of cocaine. Through their stimulant effects on various processes in ... Department of Health (2004). The amphetamine withdrawal syndrome . Models of intervention and care for ... Learn more

  • Substance Abuse FAQs

    Substance Abuse FAQs

    What is addiction? There are a plethora of definitions for addiction, but all encompass the concept of a strong compulsion to engage in a ...

    ... 2) decreased effects when using the same substance. Withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use or taking the drug to ... For stimulants, such as cocaine, depression is common withdrawal effect. While physical dependence ... Learn more

  • Private and Luxury Recovery Options

    Private and Luxury Recovery Options

    When considering inpatient treatment, there are generally 3 standard options: public inpatient rehab centers, private inpatient rehab centers, and ...

    ... treatment, particularly among people who abuse heroin and cocaine. The vouchers start at low values but increase ... your self-esteem. Music therapy : During withdrawal, music therapy is often used as a complementary ... Learn more

  • Snorting Heroin

    Snorting Heroin

    Heroin is a highly addictive Schedule I controlled drug. Heroin has a long history—it was first synthesized (as diacetylmorphine) in 1874 from ...

    ... as alcohol or cocaine. Some users alternate snorting lines of heroin and cocaine (“crisscrossing”) 1 ... you may find yourself facing a very uncomfortable withdrawal syndrome when you stop. Symptoms may begin relatively ... Learn more

  • Long-Term Effects of Molly

    Long-Term Effects of Molly

    Overview of Ecstasy Effects Ecstasy is the more common street name for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine—a highly addictive, illicit drug ...

    ... MDMA in a similar way to the way they self-administer cocaine, although to a lesser degree. 8 MDMA use may ... an uncomfortable withdrawal syndrome when not on the drug. Some MDMA users report withdrawal symptoms such ... Learn more

  • Side Effects of Diazepam Abuse

    Side Effects of Diazepam Abuse

    Diazepam is a benzodiazepine commonly prescribed under the brand name Valium. This substance depresses the central nervous system (CNS) to manage ...

    ... counteract the side effects of other drugs (e.g., cocaine, amphetamines) 2 . Abusing multiple substances in this way ... experience a withdrawal syndrome upon attempting to cease or reduce use. Withdrawal from sedatives ... Learn more

  • Over-the-Counter Drugs of Abuse

    Over-the-Counter Drugs of Abuse

    It is a common misconception that only illegal drugs are dangerous. There are many different over-the-counter (OTC) drugs with psychoactive, or ...

    ... but has been shown to cause physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use. Although safe when taken ... World Affects Same Parts of the Brain as Cocaine].” Lakartidningen51-52 (1998): 5878-883. Web. ... Learn more

  • Kratom Abuse

    Kratom Abuse

    What Is Kratom? Kratom is a tree-like plant that grows in Southeast Asia and is distantly related to coffee and gardenia plants. Street ...

    ... a kratom addiction may also experience withdrawal symptoms when the drug is stopped suddenly. The kratom withdrawal syndrome has been described as longer-lasting than withdrawal due to prescription opiates, such as ... Learn more

  • How to Help an Ativan Addict

    If you struggle with an addiction to a drug like Ativan , it is important to remember that you don't have to fight your battle alone . ...

    ... on the drug. When dependence takes hold, withdrawal symptoms can emerge when the user stops taking ... also used to treat insomnia, epilepsy and irritable bowel syndrome. According to MedlinePlus, a website designed by the U ... Learn more

  • How to Help an Ambien Addict

    How to Help an Ambien Addict

    Ambien is a brand name for zolpidem , a medication prescribed for the management of insomnia . A few other formulations of same medication with ...

    ... develop tolerance to its effects, and soon thereafter experience an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome when you haven't had the drug in a while. Tolerance ... Alcohol Bath Salts Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth ... Learn more

  • Meth and Pregnancy

    Meth and Pregnancy

    One study of meth-related emergency room visits found that more than 400,000 reproductive-aged women reported using meth in the prior ...

    ... alcohol consumption can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome , which is irreversible. Effects of ... who use cocaine). One study found that only 4% of babies exposed to meth were treated for withdrawal after birth ... Learn more

  • How to Help a Dextroamphetamine Addict

    How to Help a Dextroamphetamine Addict

    How to Approach an Addict If someone in your life is struggling with an addiction to dextroamphetamine, you may be experiencing a lot of ...

    ... Treatment Dextroamphetamine addiction involves a withdrawal syndrome that can include depression, ... Those for Amphetamine Dependence and Those for Cocaine Dependence .\u00a0Current Opinion in Psychiatry,\u00a022(3 ... Learn more

  • Flexeril Abuse

    Flexeril Abuse

    Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine) is a central nervous system (CNS) muscle relaxant commonly prescribed as short-term treatment for muscle injuries, ...

    ... pain. Cardiac arrest. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS), a life-threatening reaction ... addicted people who are at risk of experiencing troublesome withdrawal symptoms. In some cases, medications may be ... Learn more

  • Snorting Ambien

    Snorting Ambien

    The sleep-aid Ambien (generic name: zolpidem) is a prescription medication used in the treatment of insomnia in adults 1 . It works by slowing ...

    ... the acute sedative withdrawal syndrome. Successfully traversing the withdrawal process is difficult, ... . National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). DrugFacts: Cocaine . National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). What ... Learn more

  • Snorting Xanax (Alprazolam): Side Effects & Dangers

    What Does Snorting Xanax Do? Xanax (generic name: alprazolam) is a prescription sedative medication that falls into the class of drugs known as ...

    ... the risk of a severe acute withdrawal syndrome. Medically supervised detox is frequently encouraged ... people addicted to Xanax to also abuse alcohol, cocaine, and other prescription drugs. 8 Addiction treatment can ... Learn more

  • Prescription Opioid Addiction: What is Causing the Epidemic?

    Prescription Opioid Addiction: What is Causing the Epidemic?

    Read time: 30 minutes Prescription opioids are semi-synthetic medications that derive from the active opiate alkaloids found in the opium ...

    ... as acute opioid withdrawal syndrome. The dual duress of craving opioids and fearing withdrawal often leads to ... than use and abuse of illicit substances like cocaine . A surprising majority of college students ... Learn more

  • If Old Drug Ads Told the Truth

    Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Through the late 19th century and mid-20th century, many of today's illicit drugs of abuse were ...

    ... . Being a prescription drug doesn't necessarily imply safety. The phenomena of tolerance, painful withdrawal syndromes, chemical dependency, the development of compulsive drug seeking and drug using behavior all are part ... Learn more

  • How to Help an Inhalant Addict

    What is Inhalants Abuse? Inhalant abuse can be defined as the intentional inhalation of vapors through sniffing or huffing from chemical products ...

    ... brain may lead to sudden sniffing death syndrome, hallucinations, behavior changes, irregular heartbeat ... ., & Jarman, C. N. (2009). Inhalant withdrawal as a clinically significant feature of inhalant dependence disorder.\ ... Learn more

  • Snorting Cocaine

    Snorting Cocaine

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with highly addictive properties that is derived from the coca plant 1 . Also known as “coke,” “snow,” or ...

    ... known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow,” cocaine is a white, crystal-like powder that provides a euphoric high. Cocaine is ingested in ... centers to monitor clients during the withdrawal process to reduce the likelihood of ... Learn more

  • Why Is Cocaine so Addictive?

    Cocaine comes from the coca bush, which grows primarily in South America. This addictive stimulant is also known as “coke,” “snow,” or ...

    Cocaine comes from the coca bush, which grows primarily in South America. This addictive stimulant is also known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow” and is sold on the streets as a fine, white powder. In a crystallized, free ... Learn more

  • How to Help a Cocaine Addict

    How to Help a Cocaine Addict

    Help for Cocaine Addicts If you're battling an addiction to cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the ...

    ... cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2013, there were 1.5 million current cocaine ... you through any withdrawal symptoms you might experience ... Learn more

  • A Closer Look at the History and Use of Cocaine

    Cocaine is a popular CNS (central nervous system) stimulant that is naturally derived from the cocoa plant, which is most commonly grown in ...

    ... America's Andean region. Though its proper, chemical name is benzoylmethyl ecgonine (C17H21NO4), users refer to cocaine as coke, snow, blow, nose candy, dust, white lady, toot and a host of other names. The Basics of ... Learn more

  • Rapper’s Shocking On-Stage Antics are Cause for Concern

    A Florida rapper by the name of “Stitches” has earned a name for himself as of late, but for all the wrong reasons. The joker-like face ...

    ... . In it, Stitches brags about his coke-dealing past and says things like “Better have my money when I come to collect” and “I love selling blow!” He also raps about selling cocaine to “pregnant b*tches” in another ... Learn more

  • List of Street Names for Drugs

    List of Street Names for Drugs

    People actively abusing legal or illicit substances can get pretty creative when it comes to devising a list of slang terms—ranging from avoiding ...

    ... effects. Some street names include: Blow Bump C Charlie Coke Snow Toot Coca Soda Cot - Back to List - Crack Crack Cocaine —The yellowish rock known as ... Learn more

  • Common Neurological Risks of Drug Abuse

    Common Neurological Risks of Drug Abuse

    While substance abuse may cause a user to feel a short-lived euphoria or impart a sense of temporary well-being, the adverse effects can be ...

    ... of the leading causes of cocaine-related deaths in users 7 . Long-term cocaine abuse appears to cause a process ... and/or a coma 14 . Sudden sniffing death syndrome , in which irregular heart rate causes fatal heart ... Learn more

  • From Snort to Synapse: We Map Out Cocaine's Trip in Your Brain

    The powder is perfectly lined on the table. With no straw handy, you roll up a Washington and seconds later, the snow is gone. Inhaled into your ...

    ... forever. What does this trip look like? Let's join the coke as it makes its way through your system. The Cocaine Trip Working its way around the mucus, cocaine finds its way to the blood vessels in your nose. And ... Learn more

  • Drug Abuse and Cardiovascular Health Risks

    Drug Abuse and Cardiovascular Health Risks

    Both illicit and prescription drugs present many risks to individuals who abuse them. Drug abuse affects the brain in many ways that may lead to ...

    ... and prescription drugs such as: Cocaine (coke, crack). Amphetamine (Adderall) and ... V., & Aggarwal, A. (2008). Cannabis smoking and acute coronary syndrome: two illustrative cases. Int J Cardiol, 128(2), e54-57. ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Cocaine Use

    The Effects of Cocaine Use

    What is Cocaine? Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive substance. Cocaine hydrochloride remains a schedule II controlled substance, as it ...

    ... We didn't even have our licenses, but there we were, doing coke at each other's houses. The rest of my friends' moms went through ... the drug. The most common effect of cocaine withdrawal is a “crash.” A crash usually ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Ritalin Use

    The Effects of Ritalin Use

    Is Ritalin Bad For You? Ritalin (generic name: methylphenidate) is a stimulant prescribed to reduce the effects of Attention Deficit ...

    ... the following names: Kiddie coke. Diet coke. Poor man's cocaine. Skittles. Smarties. When ... drugs, such as by seeing multiple doctors. Withdrawal from family and friends. Decreased performance at ... Learn more

  • 30 Famous Athletes Who Have Battled Drug Addiction and Alcoholism

    1. Michael Phelps Eight-time Olympic gold medalist swimmer Michael Phelps has not only plunged into the water, but into drugs. In 2009, he lost ...

    ... the Boston Celtics, two days later died of a cocaine overdose . 11. Marcus Camby Toronto Raptor Marcus Camby ... struggled with drugs early on in his rookie season—”coke was the only bright spot in my future,” he ... Learn more

  • Can You Get Addicted to Cocaine After the First Use?

    Drugs like cocaine have reputations for being extremely addictive but still many people will want to try them “just once.” It's easy to wonder, ...

    ... cocaine. Each person's path from one line of coke to addiction, tolerance, and dependence is unique to them. As cocaine ... . In fact, cocaine dependency almost guarantees some form of acute cocaine withdrawal at the point ... Learn more

  • Cocaine History and Statistics

    Cocaine History and Statistics

    History Cocaine is a drug derived from the South American coca plant ( Erythoxylon coca ). It is a powerful stimulant and popular ...

    ... (9.7%) or Hispanics (11.6%). The Monitoring the Future survey of drug use in adolescents found the rate of cocaine use among high schools seniors has fallen over the last 15 years and stood at 2.6% in 2014, the lowest ... Learn more

  • Meet Cocaine and Her Wicked Step-Child, Crack

    What's the difference in cocaine and crack? If you're like a lot of people, you know there is a difference between the two…you just don't ...

    ... gives you an almost immediate high, which peaks in 3-5 minutes. The main difference in cocaine and crack is the length of the high. While coke can be felt up to two hours, a crack high lasts about 15 minutes. That ... Learn more

  • Why Isn’t Anyone Talking About a Resurgence of Cocaine in the U.S.?

    Why Isn’t Anyone Talking About a Resurgence of Cocaine in the U.S.?

    According to the DEA's annual Drug Threat Assessment cocaine use is on the rise. It looks as if, while in the midst of an opioid epidemic, a lethal ...

    ... these numbers have started to climb again, reaching over 6,700 in 2015. Coke Smugglers Do the Darnedest Things In 2016, 92 percent of cocaine seized in the U.S. came from Columbia, with the remainder originating in ... Learn more

  • Before You Crank the Engine, Take a Deep Breath and Blow

    If you've ever been convicted of a drunk driving offense , you're probably more than familiar with a car breathalyzer (also known as an interlock ...

    If you've ever been convicted of a drunk driving offense , you're probably more than familiar with a car breathalyzer (also known as an interlock device). And though they can be a nuisance at times, it turns out they ... Learn more

  • Let’s Talk Truth: Exactly How Long Do Drugs Stay in Your System?

    If you throw back a beer on Friday night, it's out of your system by Monday morning. But, what about other drugs? Most drugs linger a bit longer ...

    ... Joe and his friends just played their last game. Coke-Laiden Pink Slip After six months of searching, Kevin finally landed a great job. He uses cocaine frequently, but managed to pass his employer's drug test ... Learn more

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    When you find out you are pregnant, one of the first things your doctor will discuss with you is how you can best take care of yourself during ...

    ... including miscarriage, preterm birth, stillbirth, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 1 . Wouldn't it be worse if I used drugs like cocaine or heroin? While certain drugs have scarier reputations—especially ... Learn more

  • Snorting Molly (MDMA) and it’s Side Effects and Risks

    What is Molly (MDMA)? Molly, commonly referred to as MDMA or 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, is a synthetic drug with both amphetamine ...

    ... MDMA with other substances like caffeine, amphetamines, cocaine, ketamine, or opioids 1 . Ecstasy is ... ecstasy use is the development of serotonin syndrome 8 . Serotonin syndrome results from the user's brain flooding ... Learn more

  • Using Painkillers During Pregnancy

    Using Painkillers During Pregnancy

    Prescription painkillers, or opioids, are commonly used to treat pain. Opioid painkillers include drugs such as hydrocodone (Vicodin), oxycodone ...

    ... and reach the developing fetus, which can alter fetal heart rate 10 . Methadone can also cause s withdrawal syndrome in 60-80% of neonates 11 . Methadone maintenance therapy has a long history of use, dating back ... Learn more

  • Five Reasons Spice is a Dangerous “Last Resort” Drug

    Spice is one of the newer drug is in town and its wreaking havoc among the homeless, military personnel, students, prisoners and those on probation ...

    ... minutes. Sadly, the onset of withdrawal symptoms occurs startlingly fast and can result ... little as $2 to score a “hit” of Spice. When users blow all their savings on “expensive” drugs like OxyContin or even heroin, the ... Learn more

  • Dangers of Drinking While Pregnant

    Dangers of Drinking While Pregnant

    The Dangers of Alcohol During Pregnancy When a woman uses drugs during pregnancy, it can result in a slew of negative health effects for her ...

    ... research: current reviews , 37 (1), 97. Thomas, J. D., & Riley, E. P. (1998). Fetal alcohol syndrome: does alcohol withdrawal play a role?. Alcohol Health & Research World , 22 (1), 47-54. Hudak, M. L., Tan ... Learn more

  • 6 Facts You Need to Know About Opiate Withdrawal

    The United States has the highest rate of opioid use per capita in the world. As a nation, we consume 80% of the world's opioid supply. 1 In 2014, ...

    ... as they enter prison. Fact: Babies with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) may experience withdrawal after birth. Newborns who are exposed to opioids in-utero have a 55-94% chance of developing neonatal abstinence ... Learn more

  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Long Branch, NJ

    which_city: long-branch-nj; h1: Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Long Branch, NJ; intro: Heroin is a problem all over the state ...

    ... , or NAS. This syndrome occurs because the heroin passes from the placenta to the fetus during pregnancy. The baby is then born physically dependent on heroin and experiences withdrawal. Symptoms of NAS include ... Learn more

  • Holiday Highs and Lows

    For many Americans, the end of the year brings images of happy families gathered around a Christmas tree, big dinners of turkey and stuffing, ...

    ... . Some individuals experience high amounts of chronic or temporary stress but choose not to drink. They may blow off steam in other ways, such as exercise. Others turn to alcohol when they become stressed. For those ... Learn more

  • Cocaine Use During Pregnancy

    Cocaine Use During Pregnancy

    Cocaine usage during pregnancy has the potential to harm both mother and baby, and the effects may be long-lasting. According to the 2015 ...

    ... If you or someone you know is pregnant and unable to stop using cocaine, give us a call today at 1-888-744-0069 Who Answers? ... . Stillbirth.** Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). *According to the ... Learn more

  • Is Tramadol the New OxyContin?

    Is Tramadol the New OxyContin?

    The epidemic of painkiller addiction is well known, and OxyContin (oxycodone) has arguably been the most notorious prescription opioid at the ...

    ... often suffer from classic symptoms of opiate withdrawal. Oxycodone has been recognized for its ... D. (2015). Tramadol, Pharmacology, Side Effects, and Serotonin Syndrome: A Review. Pain Physician, 18(4), 395-400. Retrieved ... Learn more

  • How to Help a Crack Addict

    How to Help a Crack Addict

    People may become addicted to crack cocaine after trying it only once… Addiction to crack cocaine can be overwhelming, and all but ...

    ... . (2013).\u00a0 Drug Fact Sheet: Cocaine . WebMD. (n.d.).\u00a0 Cocaine Use and Its Effects . Forrester JM, Steele AW, Waldron JA, Parsons PE. Crack lung: an acute pulmonary syndrome with a spectrum of clinical and ... Learn more

  • I’m a Millionaire and I Need to Go to Rehab. Where Do I Go?

    You've realized you have an issue, whether it's a heroin or coke addiction or a sex addiction, so you need to find somewhere nice to attend ...

    You've realized you have an issue, whether it's a heroin or coke addiction or a sex addiction, so you need to find somewhere nice to attend rehab. Naturally, you want somewhere that's a little more exclusive to avoid ... Learn more

  • A Sober Bridesmaid Reflects on Her Sister’s Bachelorette Weekend

    “Is it really my job to wash the vomit out of your hair?” Jeana swore under her breath as her sister's drunk bridesmaids took turns puking. ...

    ... now, and it felt like she was waking up from a long sleep. She sipped on her sixth Diet Coke while the bridesmaids got progressively drunker. They were ordering shots and she couldn't help but be annoyed. Her sister ... Learn more

  • 8 Tips for Coming Out of the Addiction Closet

    To many, the term “alcoholic” carries a very negative connotation - one that implies being a loser or a failure. It's no mystery, then, why ...

    ... I was better equipped at admitting my drinking problem and prison experience to strangers. Tip 6: Cushion the Blow Chances are, your friends and family already know that you have a drinking problem. Maybe it was the ... Learn more

  • The Effect of Drugs on the Kidneys

    The Effect of Drugs on the Kidneys

    Chronic drug and alcohol abuse can lead to severe kidney damage or failure. The damage is not always direct; some substances may indirectly ...

    ... deficiency can exacerbate these effects 2 . This syndrome is sometimes seen in users who have not ... kidney failure if heroin abuse continues 2 . Cocaine Cocaine, a powerful stimulant drug that causes euphoria ... Learn more

  • Dangers of Snorting and Sniffing Drugs

    Dangers of Snorting and Sniffing Drugs

    Users abuse drugs in varying ways; some drugs are taken orally, while others are smoked, injected, or snorted. Each mode of administration elicits ...

    ... rate, which can lead to a coma or death. Similar to cocaine, inhalants can be life-threatening, even for a first-time user . The fatal syndrome caused by abusing inhalants is referred to as “sudden sniffing death ... Learn more

  • Opana Abuse

    Opana Abuse

    With chronic use of Opana, users may develop a tolerance to the drug - spurring a pattern of continuously taking more and more of ...

    ... any time use is abruptly ended. A number of factors will influence the exact nature of an Opana withdrawal syndrome, including the chronicity of the abuse, the amount of recent use, and other factors like physical and ... Learn more

  • Can You Get Addicted to Crystal Meth After the First Use?

    What is Crystal meth? Crystal meth is a powerful, synthetically made stimulant. It can be ingested orally, injected intravenously, snorted or ...

    ... for crystal meth is twelve times longer than for cocaine, meaning that meth acts on the brain for a ... squashed by the desire to stave off the symptoms of withdrawal. Addiction has set in when the individual continues to ... Learn more

  • Opiate Relapse

    Opiate Relapse

    Opiate abuse and addiction has become an epidemic with a vast impact on the health and welfare of individuals and societies worldwide 1 . The ...

    ... 2000 and 2009, babies born with neonatal abstinence syndrome—a condition resulting from prenatal opioid exposure—rose ... history of opiate addiction, returning to a full-blown addiction is easy, and will require detox all ... Learn more

  • Methadone Withdrawal

    Methadone Withdrawal

    Methadone is a prescription opioid medication primarily used for the treatment of opioid addiction and dependence. When used in this manner, it is ...

    ... returning to methadone use even when they truly want to quit. Signs and Symptoms The withdrawal syndrome associated with methadone will be more uncomfortable than harmful for most people. With other opioids ... Learn more

  • Tramadol Withdrawal

    Tramadol Withdrawal

    Tramadol is an opioid medication that works to relieve moderately severe pain by changing the way that the brain and nervous system perceive and ...

    ... users will actually experience a whole set of symptoms not normally seen in opioid withdrawal. This atypical withdrawal syndrome include a range of psychological symptoms marked by 2,7 : Hallucinations ... Learn more

  • Detox FAQs

    Detox FAQs

    What is detox? Detoxification, or detox, generally refers to the process of removing toxins from the body . In the case of substance use, ...

    ... / social detox setting that stresses the need for peer and social support. Appropriate for those whose withdrawal syndrome is severe enough to require some social support, but not severe enough to require strict medical ... Learn more

  • The Effects of Ativan Use

    The Effects of Ativan Use

    Is Ativan Harmful? When misused or taken recreationally, Ativan can be addictive and dangerous. Ativan ...

    ... to Ativan Whereas the arrival of physiologic dependence can somewhat be gauged by the onset of the withdrawal syndrome that will occur when stopping the drug, Ativan addiction is sometimes reflected in a change in ... Learn more

  • Find a Drug and Alcohol Abuse Rehab Center in Mississippi

    One of the most important steps in recovery is making the decision to move forward and seek out a sober lifestyle. Mississippi visitors and ...

    ... (449,243 prescriptions). 3 Between 2010 to 2011, 142 babies were born with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) because their mothers used opioids during pregnancy. There were 2.7 NAS-related hospitalizations ... Learn more

  • Gabapentin Abuse: Symptoms, Effects, Overdose & Treatment

    What is Gabapentin Neurontin? Gabapentin Neurontin is an anticonvulsant that comes in a capsule, tablet, and oral solution. It is used to manage ...

    ... on the drug and needs it in its system to function and avoid a potentially perilous withdrawal syndrome. Getting medical detox helps you to slowly wean off gabapentin while under medical supervision. Inpatient ... Learn more

  • Sedative Detox and Withdrawal

    Sedative Detox and Withdrawal

    Sedatives are a class of drugs that depress, or slow down, the central nervous system. This substance class encompasses a wide variety of drugs, ...

    ... for as short a period of time as two weeks may already prompt the onset of a severe withdrawal syndrome should the drugs in question be abruptly scaled back on, or stopped altogether. Medical monitoring is often ... Learn more

  • Why Is Methamphetamine So Addictive?

    Why Is Methamphetamine So Addictive?

    Methamphetamine is a highly addictive chemically compounded stimulant. Similar in chemical structure to amphetamine, meth is widely and illicitly ...

    ... . Meth and cocaine : This combination puts additional stress on the heart and body, as cocaine is also a ... longer! Most users feel hangover symptoms during the withdrawal period and will use meth to alleviate those ... Learn more

  • When Does Medical Marijuana Use Morph into Full-Blown Addiction?

    In more US states, marijuana is becoming legalized and socially accepted as treatment for a range of illnesses. But, like many medicines, it can ...

    ... have long pointed out that rates for marijuana dependency are much lower than for alcohol, cocaine, heroin or nicotine,that withdrawal symptoms are less severe, and that death from a pot overdose is nearly impossible ... Learn more

  • Why are We Seeing More Drug-Dependent Newborns?

    Drug addiction not only impacts the chemically-dependent, it has serious ramifications on their friends and loved ones. While no one wants to watch ...

    ... , the results can potentially be fatal. Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur ... go “cold turkey,” enduring agonizing detox and withdrawal from drugs. Frighteningly, the number of NAS ... Learn more

  • Injecting Drugs: 9 Hidden Dangers

    Did you know that injecting drugs into your body can increase your risk for a number of health problems? Additionally, did you know that ...

    ... V., Marcantoni, N., Binder, F., Velten, M., Alt, M., Weber, J. C., & Stephan, D. (2006). Puffy hand syndrome due to drug addiction: a case\u2013control study of the pathogenesis. Addiction, 101(9), 1347-1351.Strathdee, S ... Learn more

  • Opiate Addiction Withdrawal

    Opiate Addiction Withdrawal

    Opiates sometimes interchangeably referred to as opioids and narcotics, are a broad class of drugs. They are widely used legally and abused ...

    ... . Buprenorphine. Like methadone, buprenorphine is an opioid that can activate the opioid receptors to limit withdrawal syndrome. Since this medication is a partial opioid agonist, it is also less capable of eliciting ... Learn more

  • Heroin Withdrawal

    Heroin Withdrawal

    Heroin is an illicitly manufactured opioid drug and morphine derivative. Both the pain-relieving and pleasurable properties of heroin are ...

    ... snorted. When used, heroin can relieve pain, reduce anxiety and create a sense of euphoria. The acute withdrawal syndrome associated with heroin (and other opioid drugs, for that matter) is rarely fatal, but can be ... Learn more

  • History of Drug Abuse

    History of Drug Abuse

    History of Substance Abuse Rehabilitation As drugs have been abused for hundreds of years all over the world, their effects have ...

    ... were always those who abused them, which led to full-blown addiction and the bevy of side effects that come with ... these naturally became known as the Opium Wars. Cocaine was isolated in 1884 and quickly became yet another ... Learn more

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NREMT
Ryan Kelley is a nationally registered Emergency Medical Technician and the former managing editor of the Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS). During his time at JEMS, Ryan developed Mobile Integrated Healthcare in Action, a series of in-depth articles on Community Paramedicine programs across the country that go beyond transporting patients to emergency rooms and connects specific patients, such as repeat system users, the homeless and others with behavioral health issues and substance use disorders, to definitive long-term care and treatment. In his current capacity as Medical Editor for American Addiction Centers, Ryan works to provide accurate, authoritative information to those seeking help for substance abuse and behavioral health issues.

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