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Withdrawal Syndrome of Cocaine

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  • Cocaine Withdrawal

    According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), nearly 5 million people 12 and older abused cocaine within the year prior to the 2012 survey. Cocaine abuse is associated with numerous risks that include, but are not limited to 1 : Increased ...

    ... drug no longer be used 4 . Is Cocaine Withdrawal Dangerous? Cocaine withdrawal does not have the same associated risks as the acute withdrawal syndromes associated with other substances like alcohol or benzodiazepines ... continue reading
  • A Closer Look at the History and Use of Cocaine

    Cocaine is a popular CNS (central nervous system) stimulant that is naturally derived from the cocoa plant, which is most commonly grown in South America's Andean region. Though its proper, chemical name is benzoylmethyl ecgonine (C17H21NO4), users ...

    ... America's Andean region. Though its proper, chemical name is benzoylmethyl ecgonine (C17H21NO4), users refer to cocaine as coke, snow, blow, nose candy, dust, white lady, toot and a host of other names. The Basics of ... continue reading
  • Snorting Cocaine

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with highly addictive properties that is derived from the coca plant 1 . Also known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow,” cocaine is a white, crystal-like powder that provides a euphoric high. Cocaine is ingested in a ...

    ... known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow,” cocaine is a white, crystal-like powder that provides a euphoric high. Cocaine is ingested in ... centers to monitor clients during the withdrawal process to reduce the likelihood of ... continue reading
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  • Why Is Cocaine so Addictive?

    Cocaine comes from the coca bush, which grows primarily in South America. This addictive stimulant is also known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow” and is sold on the streets as a fine, white powder. In a crystallized, free base form, it is ...

    ... as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow” and is sold on the streets as a fine, white powder. In a crystallized, free base form, it is referred to as “crack,” due to the crackling sound it makes when smoked. As a street drug, cocaine ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Cocaine Addict

    Help for Cocaine Addicts If you're battling an addiction to cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2013, there were 1.5 million current cocaine users in the US. It's ...

    ... cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2013, there were 1.5 million current cocaine ... you through any withdrawal symptoms you might experience ... continue reading
  • From Snort to Synapse: We Map Out Cocaine's Trip in Your Brain

    The powder is perfectly lined on the table. With no straw handy, you roll up a Washington and seconds later, the snow is gone. Inhaled into your nostril, this stimulant drug has started a trip that will change your brain…forever. What does this ...

    ... and/or paranoia Changing You Forever in a Moment Researchers have intently studied this coke trip under the microscope; they tell us a single dose of cocaine changes your brain's reward center. And that's partly why it's ... continue reading
  • Can You Get Addicted to Cocaine After the First Use?

    Drugs like cocaine have reputation for being extremely addictive but still many people will want to try them “just once.” It's easy to wonder, “Just how addictive is cocaine (really)?” How Addictive is Cocaine? Cocaine is a very addictive ...

    ... cocaine. Each person's path from one line of coke to addiction, tolerance, and dependence is unique to them. As cocaine ... it. In fact, cocaine dependency almost guarantees some form of acute cocaine withdrawal at the point ... continue reading
  • Meet Cocaine and Her Wicked Step-Child, Crack

    What's the difference in cocaine and crack? If you're like a lot of people, you know there is a difference between the two…you just don't really know what that “difference” is. Let's take a look at what makes these two drugs similar, but ...

    ... gives you an almost immediate high, which peaks in 3-5 minutes. The main difference in cocaine and crack is the length of the high. While coke can be felt up to two hours, a crack high lasts about 15 minutes. That short ... continue reading
  • Why Isn’t Anyone Talking About a Resurgence of Cocaine in the U.S.?

    According to the DEA's annual Drug Threat Assessment cocaine use is on the rise. It looks as if, while in the midst of an opioid epidemic, a lethal storm of cocaine has quietly made landfall in the US. Cocaine-related deaths spiked in 2006 at 7,500 ...

    ... 2010, these numbers have started to climb again, reaching over 6,700 in 2015. Coke Smugglers Do the Darnedest Things In 2016, 92 percent of cocaine seized in the U.S. came from Columbia, with the remainder originating in ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Use During Pregnancy

    Cocaine usage during pregnancy has the potential to harm both mother and baby, and the effects may be long-lasting. According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), roughly 1,000 pregnant women reported using cocaine in the past ...

    ... . If you or someone you know is pregnant and unable to stop using cocaine, give us a call today at . You can speak to a rehab ... malformations. Stillbirth.** Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). *According to the World ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Effects on the Body: Short-Term & Side Effects

    What is Cocaine? Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive substance. Cocaine hydrochloride remains a schedule II controlled substance, as it has some legal therapeutic application as a pain reliever and vasoconstrictor, useful in association with ...

    ... service is here to help you or a loved one who may be struggling with cocaine use find the hope and resources to take back control. Cocaine Withdrawal When a user becomes dependent on the drug, one's body will have a ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Addiction

    Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug in the form of a white powder that is commonly snorted, smoked, and injected. 1,5,6 Its popularity as a recreational substance is in part due to its perceived positive effects on mood, motivation, and ...

    ... and agitation. 4,5,6 These negative effects may lead people to regularly use cocaine in order to avoid uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms , which may drive the development of tolerance. Tolerance occurs when more frequent ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Addiction: Have Scientists Finally Found a Cure?

    The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports an estimated 1.5 million Americans use cocaine. In 2015, our nation saw more than 6,700 cocaine-related deaths. Research indicates around 40 percent of drug-related emergency department visits involve ...

    ... a constant supply of the drug is needed to avoid withdrawal. If deprived of the drug, symptoms of cocaine withdrawal can include severe emotional and physical effects, such as: Fatigue Nervousness and Anxiety Depression ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Overdose : Signs and Symptoms

    Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Overdose When a person abuses cocaine, their body experiences a number of sensations and physiologic changes, all relating back to its strong stimulant effects. These effects can spiral out of control when a person uses ...

    ... brand names via the links below: Blue Cross Blue Shield Humana Aetna Kaiser Permanente Risk Factors for Cocaine Overdose Cocaine overdose can happen to anyone from a novice user to a regular abuser. If you take too ... continue reading
  • Your Brain on Drugs: Studying Cocaine's Effect on Blood Flow

    Stimulant drugs like cocaine can cause serious blood flow problems within the brain. When there is an insufficient flow of rich, oxygenated blood to the brain, it can result in aneurysm-like bleeding and strokes. Researchers have developed a new ...

    ... a decreased flow of blood, no matter the frequency of use. Whether the mice received 30 days of chronic cocaine use or two repeated injections of the drug, Pan and his team noted a dramatic drop in blood flow speed ... continue reading
  • Dangerous Additives: What's Really in Your Cocaine?

    Cocaine is one of the most lethal illegal substances. This can be explained by the extraordinary psychoactive and biological effects of the drug; cocaine is the single most powerful central nervous system stimulant. At high doses it can stop the ...

    ... percent in 2005. Here we will highlight some of the more insidious additives commonly found in impure street cocaine , their risks and why they are used. Levamisole Levamisole is an anthelmic drug sometimes used to treat ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Could Mess With Your Brain's Ability to Recognize Sadness and Fear

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with a reputation for making people more social, but in reality, it tends to make users paranoid and insufferable. And according to a new study , this may be in part because people who use cocaine are less capable of ...

    ... they were seriously sad or just a little angry. Researchers also found that the subjects who had taken cocaine had an increased heart rate and higher levels of cortisol, the hormone that regulates how the body responds ... continue reading
  • Cocaine and the Ultimate Battle of Neurons

    Sean was ready to give up. His brother, Tony, seemed to be a lost cause. After years of cocaine use, Tony had been through three rehab programs and countless relapses. Each time, Sean hoped for the best, only to have his hopes crushed by cocaine . ...

    ... And it's killing me to see you do it?” “Yes, I can see that. What I can't do is stop myself. The cocaine keeps pulling me back. I just…can't…fight it.” Battle of the Neurons What Sean doesn't realize is the literal truth ... continue reading
  • Using Cocaine While Breastfeeding

    Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive stimulant that is easily absorbed into the blood stream. It has a high milk to plasma ratio, meaning it a significant amount of the drug may pass from a mother's blood into breast milk 1 . Cocaine is the ...

    ... of the drug will likely be higher in her milk than in her blood 1 .The “high” people get after using cocaine is relatively short, but it takes the body a long time to metabolize the drug and get it out of the system ... continue reading
  • Take the Backdoor: Why Your Brain Can't Refrain From Cocaine

    Ted just snorted two lines of cocaine. If we could see inside his brain, we'd see some pretty alarming results. The blood vessels of Ted's brain are shrinking and blood flow is restricted, diminishing his ability to think, remember and function. ...

    ... new pathway (or backdoor) means that, once Ted is addicted, he may not even be aware of his desire to use cocaine. Much like the lab rats, Ted will eventually lose control of his compulsion to “just say no.” He'll start ... continue reading
  • New Study Reveals Cocaine Robs You of Loss

    A new study has found that cocaine abuse affects brain circuits so drastically that some users can't even recognize personal loss in their lives. Researchers were able to conclude that the brain circuits responsible for predicting emotional loss ...

    ... Risk and Reward So, what does this complex research data mean? Well, for starters it explains why some cocaine addicts are content to repeat the same mistakes over and over again. Consequences like going to jail or ... continue reading
  • Crack Cocaine’s Effect on the Brain (Simple Animation)

    “Crack is whack” - that much is widely understood and accepted. But, what exactly is crack? How is crack different from cocaine? Is it possible that crack gets a bad rap, or is it as lethal as it seems? AsapSCIENCE breaks down what we need to ...

    ... is whack” - that much is widely understood and accepted. But, what exactly is crack? How is crack different from cocaine? Is it possible that crack gets a bad rap, or is it as lethal as it seems? AsapSCIENCE breaks down ... continue reading
  • Women More Likely to Get Hooked on Cocaine - But Why?

    Women are generally more vulnerable to cocaine addiction than men, according to a recent study published in the journal Nature Communications. They're also more likely to use cocaine at an earlier age, take drugs in larger quantities, have greater ...

    ... according to a recent study published in the journal Nature Communications. They're also more likely to use cocaine at an earlier age, take drugs in larger quantities, have greater difficulty staying sober and are at an ... continue reading
  • Related results

  • The Effects of Ketamine Use

    Is Ketamine Harmful? “It's easy to get ketamine abuse wrong because of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so it's easy to accidentally overdose.” Like its sister drug CP, ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic, ...

    ... of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so it's easy to accidentally overdose.” ... withdrawal syndrome. This minimizes the need for close medical supervision throughout a period of withdrawal ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Crack Use

    Is Crack Harmful? Since it first appeared on the illicit drug scene during the 1980s, crack cocaine has solidified its reputation as one of the most addictive substances available on the street. According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, ...

    ... users experience a problem that abusers refer to as “coke bugs” or “crack bugs.” This is a type ... just once. Crack Withdrawal and Addiction Treatment Although withdrawal from crack specifically - and cocaine in general - ... continue reading
  • The Addiction Recovery Journey in 9 Steps

    The specifics of every person's addiction journey are different, but for most people, the path to recovery follows a similar trajectory: a “bottom” followed by the decision to take action; the initial, often traumatic physical and mental ...

    ... pass. #4. Early Sobriety + PAWS Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS) is a controversial topic: some people say ... day than struggle to the corner store for a can of Coke, you'll start to reap the rewards in all areas of ... continue reading
  • Effects of Drug Abuse on the Male and Female Reproductive Systems

    Substance abuse can negatively impact the reproductive health of both sexes in a number of ways and may contribute to serious problems like sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), infertility, and cancer . Women who use drugs and alcohol while ...

    ... the drugs their mothers take and go through withdrawal shortly after birth. This is common in infants ... between the last drink and breastfeeding. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) — SIDS is the leading cause of infant ... continue reading
  • Drug and Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms and Treatment

    Many substances of abuse can lead to the development of physiological dependence—especially if they are taken in large amounts and for a long period of time. When a person becomes dependent on a substance and then decides to stop using it, they ...

    ... withdrawal symptoms for various types of substances, from marijuana and alcohol to stimulants such as cocaine ... Withdrawal Syndrome or PAWS You may be wondering, 'what is Post-Acute Withdrawal?' While withdrawal symptoms ... continue reading
  • Snorting Tramadol

    Tramadol is a medication prescribed to treat moderate to moderately severe pain in adults and, in its extended release forms, to manage certain chronic pain conditions. Similar to other pain medications like oxycodone, morphine, and hydrocodone, ...

    ... swallowing. Although these effects are commonly linked to cocaine snorting, there is growing evidence to support that ... , they will often undergo a very uncomfortable withdrawal syndrome marked by 2 : Flu-like symptoms. ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Librium Use

    Librium , which is a brand name formulation of chlordiazepoxide, belongs to a class of sedative medications known as benzodiazepines . Librium has been widely used as a treatment for anxiety and for managing the symptoms of alcohol and other ...

    ... managing the symptoms of alcohol and other sedative withdrawal syndromes 1, 2, 3, 4 . Benzodiazepines are ... body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Ativan Use

    Is Ativan Harmful? Ativan (generic name: lorazepam) is classified as a benzodiazepine medication used primarily for short-term treatment of anxiety and seizure activity. It is sometimes used to manage intractable insomnia, and as a sedative for ...

    ... somewhat be gauged by the onset of the withdrawal syndrome that will occur when stopping the drug, ... the body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy ... continue reading
  • Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Symptoms and Getting Treatment

    What Is Benzodiazepines? Benzodiazepines, or “benzos,” are central nervous system depressants commonly prescribed to manage a variety of conditions, including anxiety, panic disorders, muscle spasm, seizures, alcohol withdrawal, and insomnia 1 . ...

    ... Drug withdrawal Opiate withdrawal Heroin withdrawal Cocaine withdrawal Stimulant withdrawal Alcohol withdrawal Methadone withdrawal Marijuana withdrawal Suboxone withdrawal Adderall withdrawal Xanax withdrawal For ... continue reading
  • Adderall Withdrawal

    Adderall, a branded formulation of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine , is a stimulant that doctors prescribe for the management of: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Narcolepsy. As a prescription stimulant, Adderall can be used to ...

    ... euphoric high similar to illicit stimulants like cocaine and methamphetamine . People also abuse Adderall ... amphetamine use may be associated with an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome—the severity of which will be relative to ... continue reading
  • Why Is Crack So Addictive?

    For thousands of years, the well-known stimulating effects of the coca plant have been sought for a variety of uses, and the plant itself has played an important role throughout a number of different geographic locations and diverse cultures. Its ...

    ... in a glass pipe - to achieve the desired crack cocaine high. In fact, the name “crack” refers to the ... developed a crack dependency will experience a stimulant withdrawal syndrome when the drug is no longer available, ... continue reading
  • Effects of Stimulant Drugs

    Are Stimulants Harmful? Stimulants are a class of substances that increase certain types of cell signaling and amplify various physiologic processes throughout the brain and body. In particular, many types of stimulant drugs are associated with ...

    ... , dependent individuals may experience a stimulant withdrawal syndrome when use of the drug stops or ... the body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy ... continue reading
  • What Are the Effects of Ambien?

    Ambien is the brand name for zolpidem tartrate, a sedative-hypnotic. When you take Ambien correctly, it can make you feel relaxed, comfortable and sleepy. The United States Drug Enforcement Agency classifies the prescription drug Ambien as a ...

    ... of the potential severity of the withdrawal syndrome. Treating Withdrawal Those who use the medication for ... body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine ... continue reading
  • Painkiller Detox and Withdrawal

    Prescription painkillers are opioid medications that manage pain and, furthermore, exhibit activity throughout the brain's pleasure centers. Their interaction with opioid receptors in the brain results in a down-modification of the sensations of ...

    ... , exceeding the combined death rates for heroin and cocaine overdose (Volkow, Frieden, Hyde & Cha, 2014 ... While it is possible to detox alone, the withdrawal syndrome can be sufficiently intense to trigger relapse even ... continue reading
  • Long-Term Effects of Molly

    Overview of Ecstasy Effects Ecstasy is the more common street name for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine—a highly addictive, illicit drug also known as MDMA , or “Molly.” This drug shares chemical structural similarities with both amphetamine ...

    ... in a similar way to the way they self-administer cocaine, although to a lesser degree. 8 MDMA use may ... experience an uncomfortable withdrawal syndrome when not on the drug. Some MDMA users report withdrawal symptoms such ... continue reading
  • Why Are Prescription Stimulants So Addictive?

    Prescription stimulants are very prevalent pharmaceutical agents, frequently used for the management of narcolepsy and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Drugs that fall in this category include: Dextroamphetamine and amphetamine ...

    ... that is very similar to illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine . Specifically, stimulants cause a buildup in ... relapse as a response to the unpleasant withdrawal syndrome, as well as safeguard against dangerous, ... continue reading
  • Substance Abuse FAQs

    What is addiction? There are a plethora of definitions for addiction, but all encompass the concept of a strong compulsion to engage in a behavior that has no real survival benefit in today's age , acquired from prior positive experience engaging in ...

    ... or 2) decreased effects when using the same substance. Withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use or taking the drug to avoid ... both automatic (e.g. euphoria after ingesting cocaine) and reflective (e.g. attitude that ... continue reading
  • What Are Hallucinogens?

    Hallucinogens are drugs that alter the user's thinking processes and perception in a manner that leads to significant distortions of reality 1 . These drugs affect one's perception far differently than many other types of drugs do. To many, the ...

    ... 20 . It is often used in conjunction with cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamine, or MDMA (Ecstasy) 20 . ... withdrawal symptoms in some individuals, but insufficient research exists to support a ketamine withdrawal syndrome ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Tramadol Use

    Tramadol is a synthetic opioid analgesic (painkiller) that is frequently prescribed to manage moderate to severe levels of pain—such as that experienced after surgery or in chronic conditions like arthritis. It is commonly marketed under one of ...

    ... ill due to the onset of a withdrawal syndrome. Cognitive decline: Many opioid drugs are ... the body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy LSD ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Tussionex Abuse

    Tussionex, a prescription cough medicine, contains a mixture of hydrocodone (an opioid pain reliever) and chlorpheniramine (an antihistamine). In 2008, the FDA issued an alert regarding the dangers of misusing Tussionex, stating that abusing it can ...

    ... support specialist about rehab options. Withdrawal Treatment Opioid withdrawal syndrome refers to a set of symptoms ... and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine ... continue reading
  • Tramadol Addiction

    Tramadol is an opioid analgesic medication prescribed for pain relief. 1 Used as prescribed, tramadol can be effective for managing moderate to moderately severe pain. 1 Like other prescription opioid painkillers, it has the potential for misuse, ...

    ... more of it to feel its effects. Experiencing physical withdrawal when you stop taking tramadol. It is important to ... Vomiting. Constipation. Risk of serotonin syndrome, a potentially life-threatening condition. Increased ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Clonazepam Use

    What is Clonazepam? Clonazepam, commonly known by its brand name Klonopin, is a prescription medication commonly used for its anti-anxiety and anti-convulsant benefits. How Worried Should We Be About Benzos? This medication is part of a larger group ...

    ... the onset of a debilitating benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. Shakiness, shortness of breath, ... the body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Diazepam Abuse

    Diazepam is a benzodiazepine commonly prescribed under the brand name Valium. This substance depresses the central nervous system (CNS) to manage 1,2 : Anxiety. Muscle spasms. Seizures. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Is Diazepam Harmful? Despite ...

    ... to counteract the side effects of other drugs (e.g., cocaine, amphetamines) 2 . Abusing multiple substances in this way ... experience a withdrawal syndrome upon attempting to cease or reduce use. Withdrawal from sedatives ... continue reading
  • Snorting Xanax (Alprazolam): Side Effects & Dangers

    What Does Snorting Xanax Do? Xanax (generic name: alprazolam) is a prescription sedative medication that falls into the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines, which are commonly prescribed for the management of anxiety. 1, 2 While taking Xanax as ...

    ... the risk of a severe acute withdrawal syndrome. Medically supervised detox is frequently encouraged ... people addicted to Xanax to also abuse alcohol, cocaine, and other prescription drugs. 8 Addiction treatment can ... continue reading
  • Prescription Drug Abuse Problem

    For some time now, the abuse of illicit substances such as marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine and heroin has been a persistent national problem. In more recent years, however, our country has seen an alarming rise of prescription drug abuse - now ...

    ... the abuse of illicit substances such as marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine and heroin has been a persistent ... same effect) , as well as a marked withdrawal syndrome should they be stopped. Both of these phenomena ... continue reading
  • If Old Drug Ads Told the Truth

    Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Through the late 19th century and mid-20th century, many of today's illicit drugs of abuse were available legally in the United States. Products containing cocaine, heroin, or amphetamine were readily available for ...

    ... for all nervous affections.” But as we've seen, cocaine's relationship to the brain is one of toxin rather than tonic ... . The phenomena of tolerance, painful withdrawal syndromes, chemical dependency, the development of ... continue reading
  • 5 Scary Facts You Didn’t Know About Prescription Opioid Painkillers

    An opioid epidemic has swept the nation. Every day in America, approximately 50 people die from overdosing on prescription painkillers. Over the course of a year, that number grows to 18,250—which is enough to fill every seat at Madison Square ...

    ... on pregnant women and their newborns. Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is a condition that affects infants ... a baby is born with NAS and is suffering an opioid withdrawal. NAS costs the health care system an annual $1.5 ... continue reading
  • If a Drug Is Legal, Is it Safe?

    There is a common misconception, especially amongst young people, that if a drug is legal then it is safe. This is certainly not the case. In fact, many of the most dangerous drugs are legal with a valid prescription. Safe, short-term use of opioid ...

    ... with those seen in the deleterious effects seen in cocaine abusers . “Research chemicals:” These synthetic chemicals - ... and, in some cases, experience a dangerous withdrawal syndrome mere hours after the last drink. The ... continue reading
  • Over-the-Counter Drugs of Abuse

    It is a common misconception that only illegal drugs are dangerous. There are many different over-the-counter (OTC) drugs with psychoactive, or mind-altering properties that may lead to a number of serious medical and mental health consequences if ...

    ... ) but has been shown to cause physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use. Although safe when taken ... stimulant drugs such as methamphetamine or cocaine ; they simply increase muscular contractions ... continue reading
  • Rapper’s Shocking On-Stage Antics are Cause for Concern

    A Florida rapper by the name of “Stitches” has earned a name for himself as of late, but for all the wrong reasons. The joker-like face tattoos are enough to take most people aback, but it's the lyrics to Stitches' music and his on-stage ...

    ... lyrics. In it, Stitches brags about his coke-dealing past and says things like “Better have my money when I come to collect” and “I love selling blow!” He also raps about selling cocaine to “pregnant b*tches” in another ... continue reading
  • Common Neurological Risks of Drug Abuse

    While substance abuse may cause a user to feel a short-lived euphoria or impart a sense of temporary well-being, the adverse effects can be dangerous and, in some instances, may lead to permanent brain damage. Chronic drug and alcohol abuse is ...

    ... , even with sustained abstinence 5 . Cocaine Chronic cocaine abuse can cause users to have seizures ... seizures and/or a coma 14 . Sudden sniffing death syndrome , in which irregular heart rate causes fatal heart failure, ... continue reading
  • Drug Abuse and Cardiovascular Health Risks

    Both illicit and prescription drugs present many risks to individuals who abuse them. Drug abuse affects the brain in many ways that may lead to erratic, dangerous behaviors, social and emotional problems, and the development of addiction. In ...

    ... illicit and prescription drugs such as: Cocaine (coke, crack). Amphetamine (Adderall) and other ... rate . Physicians have also reported cases of acute coronary syndrome in marijuana users, 8 a condition similar to myocardial ... continue reading
  • 30 Famous Athletes Who Have Battled Drug Addiction and Alcoholism

    1. Michael Phelps Eight-time Olympic gold medalist swimmer Michael Phelps has not only plunged into the water, but into drugs. In 2009, he lost his endorsement contract with Kellogg's after a photo emerged of him taking a hit of marijuana . 2. Dock ...

    ... career in the late 80s, but soon tested positive for cocaine use. He entered rehab in 1987 but later relapsed and ... having struggled with drugs early on in his rookie season—”coke was the only bright spot in my future,” he ... continue reading
  • Before You Crank the Engine, Take a Deep Breath and Blow

    If you've ever been convicted of a drunk driving offense , you're probably more than familiar with a car breathalyzer (also known as an interlock device). And though they can be a nuisance at times, it turns out they might be the key to lowering ...

    If you've ever been convicted of a drunk driving offense , you're probably more than familiar with a car breathalyzer (also known as an interlock device). And though they can be a nuisance at times, it turns out they ... continue reading
  • Let’s Talk Truth: Exactly How Long Do Drugs Stay in Your System?

    If you throw back a beer on Friday night, it's out of your system by Monday morning. But, what about other drugs? Most drugs linger a bit longer than alcohol. In fact, some of them stick around for a long time. This slower processing can surprise ...

    ... It's likely Joe and his friends just played their last game. Coke-Laiden Pink Slip After six months of searching, Kevin finally landed a great job. He uses cocaine frequently, but managed to pass his employer's drug test ... continue reading
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    When you find out you are pregnant, one of the first things your doctor will discuss with you is how you can best take care of yourself during those 9 months, as there are many factors that can affect your health and the health of your baby. A ...

    ... including miscarriage, preterm birth, stillbirth, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 1 . Wouldn't it be worse if I used drugs like cocaine or heroin? While certain drugs have scarier reputations—especially illegal ... continue reading
  • Signs That You May Need Rehab

    Participation in a structured drug or alcohol rehab program is a necessary first step for many individuals seeking to find recovery from substance abuse. Some people try to quit on their own without the professional care that rehab provides, ...

    ... of use. The professional detoxification services offered through rehab programs are a safe way to manage your withdrawal symptoms. Your Substance Use is Causing Problems in Your Life If you are struggling with drug or ... continue reading
  • Dangers of Drinking While Pregnant

    The Dangers of Alcohol During Pregnancy When a woman uses drugs during pregnancy, it can result in negative health effects for her and her baby, and alcohol is no exception. Drinking during pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders ...

    ... Alcohol research: current reviews , 37 (1), 97. Thomas, J. D., & Riley, E. P. (1998). Fetal alcohol syndrome: does alcohol withdrawal play a role?. Alcohol Health & Research World , 22 (1), 47-54. Hudak, M. L., Tan, R. C ... continue reading
  • Five Reasons Spice is a Dangerous “Last Resort” Drug

    Spice is one of the newer drug is in town and its wreaking havoc among the homeless, military personnel, students, prisoners and those on probation or parole. This designer drug mimics marijuana , but can be 100 times more potent, experts warn, with ...

    ... minutes. Sadly, the onset of withdrawal symptoms occurs startlingly fast and can result ... as little as $2 to score a “hit” of Spice. When users blow all their savings on “expensive” drugs like OxyContin or even heroin, the ... continue reading
  • Dangers of Snorting and Sniffing Drugs

    Users abuse drugs in varying ways; some drugs are taken orally, while others are smoked, injected, or snorted. Each mode of administration elicits its effects differently and presents with unique dangers. Compared with oral routes, snorting or ...

    ... rate, which can lead to a coma or death. Similar to cocaine, inhalants can be life-threatening, even for a first-time user . The fatal syndrome caused by abusing inhalants is referred to as “sudden sniffing death” and ... continue reading
  • Using Painkillers When Pregnant

    Prescription painkillers, or opioids, are commonly used to treat pain. Opioid painkillers include drugs such as hydrocodone (Vicodin), oxycodone (OxyContin), codeine, and morphine. In addition to their inclusion in the many opioid analgesic ...

    ... had, including hypoplastic left heart syndrome. 1 Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a condition in which the ... a physical dependence, they will likely experience withdrawal symptoms if they stop using, or drastically ... continue reading
  • The Effect of Drugs on the Kidneys

    Chronic drug and alcohol abuse can lead to severe kidney damage or failure. The damage is not always direct; some substances may indirectly cause harm to the kidneys via biologic events triggered outside of the renal system itself. These secondary ...

    ... deficiency can exacerbate these effects 2 . This syndrome is sometimes seen in users who have not ... Much like heroin, rhabdomyolysis is commonly seen in those who abuse cocaine, and it can lead to kidney failure 2 . As ... continue reading
  • 8 Tips for Coming Out of the Addiction Closet

    To many, the term “alcoholic” carries a very negative connotation - one that implies being a loser or a failure. It's no mystery, then, why admitting such a thing is feared by so many. But “coming out” doesn't have to be a burdensome ...

    ... , I was better equipped at admitting my drinking problem and prison experience to strangers. Tip 6: Cushion the Blow Chances are, your friends and family already know that you have a drinking problem. Maybe it was the ... continue reading
  • I’m a Millionaire and I Need to Go to Rehab. Where Do I Go?

    You've realized you have an issue, whether it's a heroin or coke addiction or a sex addiction, so you need to find somewhere nice to attend rehab. Naturally, you want somewhere that's a little more exclusive to avoid running into someone who might ...

    You've realized you have an issue, whether it's a heroin or coke addiction or a sex addiction, so you need to find somewhere nice to attend rehab. Naturally, you want somewhere that's a little more exclusive to avoid ... continue reading
  • A Sober Bridesmaid Reflects on Her Sister’s Bachelorette Weekend

    “Is it really my job to wash the vomit out of your hair?” Jeana swore under her breath as her sister's drunk bridesmaids took turns puking. She'd already herded these girls out of a bar where they were getting out of control, paid off the cab ...

    ... 23 now, and it felt like she was waking up from a long sleep. She sipped on her sixth Diet Coke while the bridesmaids got progressively drunker. They were ordering shots and she couldn't help but be annoyed. Her sister ... continue reading
  • 6 Facts You Need to Know About Opiate Withdrawal

    The United States has the highest rate of opioid use per capita in the world. As a nation, we consume 80% of the world's opioid supply. 1 In 2014, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health found that 1.9 million people aged 12 or older had a ...

    ... individuals are experiencing extremely uncomfortable periods of withdrawal as they enter prison. Fact: Babies with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) may experience withdrawal after birth. Newborns who are exposed to ... continue reading
  • Can You Get Addicted to Crystal Meth After the First Use?

    What is Crystal meth? Crystal meth is a powerful, synthetically made stimulant. It can be ingested orally, injected intravenously, snorted or smoked. Crystal meth is notorious for its high addictive potential and many people suggest that taking just ...

    ... rate for crystal meth is twelve times longer than for cocaine, meaning that meth acts on the brain for a longer ... by the desire to stave off the symptoms of withdrawal. Addiction has set in when the individual continues to ... continue reading
  • Is Tramadol the New OxyContin?

    The epidemic of painkiller addiction is well known, and OxyContin (oxycodone) has arguably been the most notorious prescription opioid at the center of this public health emergency. Drugs like OxyContin have filled the news in recent years due to ...

    ... suddenly often suffer from classic symptoms of opiate withdrawal. Oxycodone has been recognized for its abuse potential ... high doses are at particular risk of serotonin syndrome 14 . Taking tramadol also appears to carry ... continue reading
  • Why are We Seeing More Drug-Dependent Newborns?

    Drug addiction not only impacts the chemically-dependent, it has serious ramifications on their friends and loved ones. While no one wants to watch someone they care about struggle with addiction, the unborn children of drug-dependent women don't ...

    ... , the results can potentially be fatal. Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in ... go “cold turkey,” enduring agonizing detox and withdrawal from drugs. Frighteningly, the number of NAS ... continue reading
  • The Rise of Tramadol: Exploring the Dangers and Conversations Around This Opioid

    Tramadol, also known as Ultram, is a prescription opioid medication used for the treatment of postoperative pain, cancer-associated pain, and chronic pain conditions. While Tramadol is similar to other prescription opioid pain relievers such as ...

    ... seizures and other harmful conditions such as serotonin syndrome, and can have a variety of interactions ... www.reddit.com/r/Drugs/comments/1e6kka/help_tramadol_withdrawals/ https://www.reddit.com/r/Drugs/comments/3l97jd/ ... continue reading
  • When Does Medical Marijuana Use Morph into Full-Blown Addiction?

    In more US states, marijuana is becoming legalized and socially accepted as treatment for a range of illnesses. But, like many medicines, it can lead to misuse and dependence. So, how do you know where to draw the line? Relief Turns to Habit Joseph, ...

    ... have long pointed out that rates for marijuana dependency are much lower than for alcohol, cocaine, heroin or nicotine,that withdrawal symptoms are less severe, and that death from a pot overdose is nearly impossible ... continue reading
  • Heroin Withdrawal

    Heroin is an illicitly manufactured opioid drug and morphine derivative. Both the pain-relieving and pleasurable properties of heroin are initiated through the drug's interaction with opioid receptors in the brain. It is most often distributed on ...

    ... . When used, heroin can relieve pain, reduce anxiety and create a sense of euphoria. The acute withdrawal syndrome associated with heroin (and other opioid drugs, for that matter) is rarely fatal, but can be sufficiently ... continue reading
  • Why Is Methamphetamine So Addictive?

    Methamphetamine is a highly addictive chemically compounded stimulant. Similar in chemical structure to amphetamine, meth is widely and illicitly manufactured using a variety of production methods. Methamphetamine is a white, odorless, ...

    ... Meth and cocaine : This combination puts additional stress on the heart and body, as cocaine is also ... or longer! Most users feel hangover symptoms during the withdrawal period and will use meth to alleviate those feelings ... continue reading
  • Tramadol Withdrawal

    Tramadol is an opioid medication that works to relieve moderately severe pain by changing the way that the brain and nervous system perceive and respond to pain 1,2 . The substance was prescribed more than 43 million times during 2013 according to ...

    ... dependent on the substance drastically decreases or abruptly stops use , an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome may occur 5 . In the case of an acute withdrawal, the brain reacts to a relative deficit in activity of 2,3 ... continue reading
  • Effects of Smoking During Pregnancy

    In the U.S., there are an estimated 42 million people (nearly 18% of the total population) who currently smoke 1 . Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability and death in the U.S. In fact, smoking accounts for nearly 1 in ...

    ... treatments and therapies like hypnosis, meditation, and acupuncture. Pharmacologic therapy. The acute nicotine withdrawal syndrome has a number of unpleasant associated symptoms. These are normal and will last a few ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Psilocybin Use

    Is Psilocybin Harmful? Psilocybin is a compound that is naturally occurring fungal alkaloid—a chemical compound that is found in more than 100 species of mushrooms (also known as magic mushrooms or shrooms). 1 When ingested, psilocybin is ...

    ... the drug to feel intoxicated. Addiction Treatment The DSM-5 and NIDA do not recognize a withdrawal syndrome associated with psilocybin use, although it is likely that individuals may develop significant tolerance to the ... continue reading
  • Drugs and Cancer Risk

    Despite the declines in the death rate over the last 20 years, cancer continues to be one of the most prevalent public health issues in the US. According to the National Cancer Institute 1 : More than 68 million people will receive a cancer ...

    ... many chemicals used during meth production that are known to be toxic and cancer-causing 16 . Cocaine . It is a common practice of cocaine dealers to add or mix in other substances to the drug in order to create more of ... continue reading
  • History of Drug Abuse

    History of Substance Abuse Rehabilitation As drugs have been abused for hundreds of years all over the world, their effects have been felt for just as long. Since drugs have been used, there were always those who abused them, which led to full-blown ...

    ... always those who abused them, which led to full-blown addiction and the bevy of side effects that come with ... they discovered that: Between 1980 and 1984, first-time cocaine users averaged 1.3 million per year. By 1994, ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Steroid Addict

    Help for Steroids Addicts People who are addicted to steroids may need professional help to stop taking the drug . While the dependency that develops may be different from other, more commonly abused substances, anabolic steroids can indeed be ...

    ... begin with a supervised detox period, during which serious steroid withdrawal symptoms may be managed. The anabolic steroid withdrawal syndrome may vary across individuals, but may include symptoms such as: Difficulty ... continue reading
  • Crystal Meth Abuse

    What Is Crystal Meth? Street Names for Crystal Meth Crystal meth is known by many slang terms including: Glass. Blade. Crystal. Quartz. Ice. Crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) is a powerful central nervous stimulant with highly addictive ...

    ... the discomfort of side effects and withdrawal: Hyperactivity, agitation or psychotic features—If ... use of the drug more positively than heroin or crack cocaine. Drug education regarding the dangers that come with abuse ... continue reading
  • How to Help Someone with Alcohol Addiction

    Most adults can moderately drink alcohol with little to no harm, with 86.3% of people 19 and older reporting they drank alcohol at some point in their lifetime, 70% drinking in the past year, and 55.3% drinking in the past month. 1 But, there are ...

    ... an AUD, there are some things to consider when looking for treatment: Medical detox . The withdrawal syndrome from alcohol can be very dangerous, sometimes inducing seizures and/or delirium tremens. If you're thinking ... continue reading
  • Mind Over Matter: The Psychological Grip of Addiction

    For most people addicted to drugs or alcohol, the compulsive desire to use is complex. That urge is often triggered by certain environments, thoughts or past experiences. And while addiction is classically thought of as a physical dependence, the ...

    ... to use again. Even with proper medical care, many addicts experience post-acute withdrawal syndrome , also known as protracted withdrawal syndrome or PAWS. Symptoms of PAWS can last for several months and include mood ... continue reading
  • The 10 Most Insane Drug Addict Movie Characters

    Insanity is a hard thing to define, but there are a number of characters in films who are definitely nuts in some way. Here's a quick rundown: 1. Francis Begbie Francis Begbie from Trainspotting was played by Robert Carlyle. A violent, intimidating ...

    ... drug deal. 2. Eddie Nash Eddie Nash was a cocaine trader in the film Wonderland. A kingpin of the Los ... film about the drug trade in Miami, and it's a coked-up Tony Montana who gets the insane label. Played by Al Pacino ... continue reading
  • Are Benzos Overprescribed?

    We are an anxious nation. A whopping 40 million American adults are affected by anxiety disorders; that's 18 percent of the adult population! With such astronomical numbers, it shouldn't be surprising to learn anxiety disorders are the most commonly ...

    ... seizures, restless legs syndrome, migraines and Tourette syndrome. Commonly used/abused benzos ... can to make the recovery process as painless as possible. Withdrawal symptoms can be severe, while the tapering process can ... continue reading
  • Ketamine Abuse

    What Is Ketamine? Ketamine (often called “K,” “Special K” or “Vitamin K”) is a potent dissociative anesthetic , meaning it provides feelings of detachment from one's body. Commonly used in veterinary medicine , this drug has become ...

    ... syndrome . This triggers decreased control of the bladder with incontinence . Ketamine bladder syndrome ... dangerous overdose . Ketamine Abuse Treatment Ketamine Withdrawal Withdrawal typically lasts for 4-6 days after last ... continue reading
  • Opana Abuse

    Opana is the trade name for the prescription medication, oxymorphone, a semi-synthetic opioid painkiller. In various formulations, oxymorphone has been available on the US pharmaceutical market since 1959. In 2006, the FDA approved two new ...

    ... any time use is abruptly ended. A number of factors will influence the exact nature of an Opana withdrawal syndrome, including the chronicity of the abuse, the amount of recent use, and other factors like physical and ... continue reading
  • Drug and Alcohol Detoxification

    Many people begin substance use disorder treatment with a period of detoxification and withdrawal management. As an important element of early recovery, detox can provide supportive care and access to medical interventions, when needed, for certain ...

    ... as 3 days after the last use of alcohol. 5 Benzodiazepines: These are associated with an acute withdrawal syndrome that may first develop within several hours to days after a person quits using relatively shorter-acting ... continue reading
  • Why Are Prescription Opiates So Addictive?

    Prescription opiates - such as Vicodin , Percocet , and OxyContin - are narcotic medications used for pain management. These drugs are often referred to as “opioids,” which are synthetic and semi-synthetic derivatives of the active “opiate” ...

    ... dose, or make attempts to stop taking prescription opiates, they often will experience withdrawal symptoms. The opiate withdrawal syndrome is frequently described as feeling like a bad flu for those experiencing it, and ... continue reading
  • How Alcohol Increases Your Risk of ‘Holiday Heart Syndrome’

    Scientists have long been aware that heavy drinking increases the odds of heart failure. Although there are health risks, no one has pinned downed the trigger factor that leads an alcoholic to cardiac arrhythmias. A new study from Sweden now ...

    ... of wine and liquor increases the risk for atrial fibrillation, a condition also known as 'Holiday Heart Syndrome.' What is Atrial Fibrillation? Atrial fibrillation, or an irregular heartbeat, is a quivering of the heart ... continue reading
  • 4 Physical Signs You're Addicted to Ritalin

    Ritalin is a stimulant drug used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy. It's classified by the Drug Enforcement Administration as a Schedule II narcotic — meaning it's in the ...

    ... narcotic — meaning it's in the same class as cocaine, morphine and amphetamines. By some accounts, the number ... causes fatigue. It's one of the top signs of withdrawal. Once you've misused Ritalin for a period of time, ... continue reading
  • 9 Mind-Blowing Facts About W-18

    Just when we thought things couldn't get any worse than fentanyl … The street-drug market has a new player - and it's even deadlier than previous killers. W-18 won't deliver a great high; it will, however, deliver death. Introducing W-18 Here are ...

    ... selling fentanyl pills that actually contain W-18, which is 100 times more potent. It can also be cut with cocaine or other drugs in unknown amounts. Pills and powders containing W-18 are created in homemade labs, so the ... continue reading
  • Injecting Drugs: 9 Hidden Dangers

    Did you know that injecting drugs into your body can increase your risk for a number of health problems? Additionally, did you know that injection-related injuries not only include bruising, scarring, and venous injury, but also infectious diseases ...

    ... for the fingers. It has been noted that a contaminant of heroin, called quinine, may cause puffy hand syndrome. Sooting Tattoos PWIDs will sometimes use a match to flame a needle before injecting drugs into their veins ... continue reading
  • Risks of Smoking While Breastfeeding

    The numerous health hazards associated with smoking tobacco are well researched and documented. There is no safe time to smoke , but in some situations, the potential for harm is more unequivocal than usual. One such situation is smoking before and ...

    ... to have health problems like ear infections and asthma attacks. Have an increased risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). To reduce these risks, work to keep your baby in a smoke-free environment when possible and ... continue reading
  • Ecstasy Abuse

    Ecstasy is an illegal, synthetic drug of abuse that usually is consumed in pill, tablet, or capsule form. The drug is somewhat unique amongst the illicit drugs of abuse in that it has both stimulant and hallucinogenic effects . Ecstasy's stimulant ...

    ... : Caffeine. Dextromethorphan (DXM). Amphetamines. PCP. Cocaine. Ketamine. In some cases, ecstasy is mixed ... as well as the lasting mental health symptoms following withdrawal. It is theorized that some people seek out ... continue reading
  • Librium Abuse

    Librium, which is the brand name for chlordiazepoxide, is a prescription medication that belongs to a class of controlled substances called benzodiazepines . It is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, meaning it slow down brain activity. ...

    ... commonly used to treat anxiety disorders, and to mitigate the symptoms of alcohol and other sedative withdrawal syndromes. In combination with a second drug called Clidinium, chlordiazepoxide is also used to manage the ... continue reading
  • Symptoms and Signs of Substance Abuse

    How to tell if Someone is Using Drugs Drug use affects people from all walks of life and all socioeconomic statuses. Whatever the reason a person starts taking drugs, whether recreationally or as prescribed, tolerance, patterns of increased use, ...

    ... the user even realizes it. 1 When a full-blown substance-use disorder (SUD) develops, it can be ... for chemical dependence and drug and alcohol withdrawal . Alcohol Bath Salts Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth Date Rape Drugs ... continue reading
  • 5 NFL Players Who Tackled Their Addictions

    Drugs and alcohol have become a major part of NFL culture. From March 2013 to March 2014, NFL players were arrested 27 times on drug charges, and several players have also received lengthy suspensions for positive drug tests, including Cleveland ...

    ... limit, which he attributed to “six Captain and Cokes.” Maualuga pleaded guilty and was assessed seven days ... painkillers by his senior year of college, but heroin, cocaine and alcohol were his primary drugs of choice. He ... continue reading
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