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Withdrawal Syndrome of Cocaine

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  • Cocaine Withdrawal

    According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), nearly 5 million people 12 and older abused cocaine within the year prior to the 2012 survey. Cocaine abuse is associated with numerous risks that include, but are not limited to 1 : Increased ...

    ... drug no longer be used 4 . Is Cocaine Withdrawal Dangerous? Cocaine withdrawal does not have the same associated risks as the acute withdrawal syndromes associated with other substances like alcohol or benzodiazepines ... continue reading
  • Snorting Cocaine

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with highly addictive properties that is derived from the coca plant 1 . Also known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow,” cocaine is a white, crystal-like powder that provides a euphoric high. Cocaine is ingested in a ...

    ... known as “coke,” “snow,” or “blow,” cocaine is a white, crystal-like powder that provides a euphoric high. Cocaine is ingested in ... centers to monitor clients during the withdrawal process to reduce the likelihood of ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Cocaine Addict

    Help for Cocaine Addicts If you're battling an addiction to cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2013, there were 1.5 million current cocaine users in the US. It's ...

    ... cocaine, also known as coke, blow, and snow, you're not alone. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2013, there were 1.5 million current cocaine ... you through any withdrawal symptoms you might experience ... continue reading
  • You are not alone. DrugAbuse.com is a subsidiary of American Addiction Centers (AAC). Get help with finding the right treatment program when you are ready.

  • Cocaine Effects on the Body: Short-Term & Side Effects

    What is Cocaine? Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive substance. Cocaine hydrochloride remains a schedule II controlled substance, as it has some legal therapeutic application as a pain reliever and vasoconstrictor, useful in association with ...

    ... service is here to help you or a loved one who may be struggling with cocaine use find the hope and resources to take back control. Cocaine Withdrawal When a user becomes dependent on the drug, one's body will have a ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Addiction

    Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug in the form of a white powder that is commonly snorted, smoked, and injected. 1,5,6 Its popularity as a recreational substance is in part due to its perceived positive effects on mood, motivation, and ...

    ... and agitation. 4,5,6 These negative effects may lead people to regularly use cocaine in order to avoid uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms , which may drive the development of tolerance. Tolerance occurs when more frequent ... continue reading
  • Using Cocaine While Breastfeeding

    Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive stimulant that is easily absorbed into the blood stream. It has a high milk to plasma ratio, meaning it a significant amount of the drug may pass from a mother's blood into breast milk 1 . Cocaine is the ...

    ... of the drug will likely be higher in her milk than in her blood 1 .The “high” people get after using cocaine is relatively short, but it takes the body a long time to metabolize the drug and get it out of the system ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Overdose : Signs and Symptoms

    Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Overdose When a person abuses cocaine, their body experiences a number of sensations and physiologic changes, all relating back to its strong stimulant effects. These effects can spiral out of control when a person uses ...

    ... brand names via the links below: Blue Cross Blue Shield Humana Aetna Kaiser Permanente Risk Factors for Cocaine Overdose Cocaine overdose can happen to anyone from a novice user to a regular abuser. If you take too ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Use During Pregnancy

    Cocaine usage during pregnancy has the potential to harm both mother and baby, and the effects may be long-lasting. According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), roughly 1,000 pregnant women reported using cocaine in the past ...

    ... . If you or someone you know is pregnant and unable to stop using cocaine, give us a call today at . You can speak to a rehab ... malformations. Stillbirth.** Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). *According to the World ... continue reading
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  • Drug and Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms and Treatment

    Many substances of abuse can lead to the development of physiological dependence—especially if they are taken in large amounts and for a long period of time. When a person becomes dependent on a substance and then decides to stop using it, they ...

    ... experience withdrawal symptoms for various types of substances, from marijuana and alcohol to stimulants such as cocaine and ... are associated with potentially uncomfortable withdrawal syndromes, though symptoms are often ... continue reading
  • Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Symptoms and Getting Treatment

    What Is Benzodiazepines? Benzodiazepines, or “benzos,” are central nervous system depressants commonly prescribed to manage a variety of conditions, including anxiety, panic disorders, muscle spasm, seizures, alcohol withdrawal, and insomnia 1 . ...

    ... Drug withdrawal Opiate withdrawal Heroin withdrawal Cocaine withdrawal Stimulant withdrawal Alcohol withdrawal Methadone withdrawal Marijuana withdrawal Suboxone withdrawal Adderall withdrawal Xanax withdrawal For ... continue reading
  • Adderall Withdrawal

    Adderall, a branded formulation of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine , is a stimulant that doctors prescribe for the management of: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Narcolepsy. As a prescription stimulant, Adderall can be used to ...

    ... euphoric high similar to illicit stimulants like cocaine and methamphetamine . People also abuse Adderall ... amphetamine use may be associated with an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome—the severity of which will be relative to ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Ketamine Use

    Is Ketamine Harmful? “It's easy to get ketamine abuse wrong because of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so it's easy to accidentally overdose.” Like its sister drug CP, ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic, ...

    ... of its potency; it's more powerful than speed or coke weight for weight, so it's easy to accidentally overdose.” ... withdrawal syndrome. This minimizes the need for close medical supervision throughout a period of withdrawal ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Crack Use

    Is Crack Harmful? Since it first appeared on the illicit drug scene during the 1980s, crack cocaine has solidified its reputation as one of the most addictive substances available on the street. According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, ...

    ... users experience a problem that abusers refer to as “coke bugs” or “crack bugs.” This is a type ... just once. Crack Withdrawal and Addiction Treatment Although withdrawal from crack specifically - and cocaine in general - ... continue reading
  • Effects of Stimulant Drugs

    Are Stimulants Harmful? Stimulants are a class of substances that increase certain types of cell signaling and amplify various physiologic processes throughout the brain and body. In particular, many types of stimulant drugs are associated with ...

    ... , dependent individuals may experience a stimulant withdrawal syndrome when use of the drug stops or ... the body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy ... continue reading
  • The Addiction Recovery Journey in 9 Steps

    The specifics of every person's addiction journey are different, but for most people, the path to recovery follows a similar trajectory: a “bottom” followed by the decision to take action; the initial, often traumatic physical and mental ...

    ... pass. #4. Early Sobriety + PAWS Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS) is a controversial topic: some people say ... day than struggle to the corner store for a can of Coke, you'll start to reap the rewards in all areas of ... continue reading
  • Snorting Tramadol

    Tramadol is a medication prescribed to treat moderate to moderately severe pain in adults and, in its extended release forms, to manage certain chronic pain conditions. Similar to other pain medications like oxycodone, morphine, and hydrocodone, ...

    ... swallowing. Although these effects are commonly linked to cocaine snorting, there is growing evidence to support that ... , they will often undergo a very uncomfortable withdrawal syndrome marked by 2 : Flu-like symptoms. ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Librium Use

    Librium , which is a brand name formulation of chlordiazepoxide, belongs to a class of sedative medications known as benzodiazepines . Librium has been widely used as a treatment for anxiety and for managing the symptoms of alcohol and other ...

    ... managing the symptoms of alcohol and other sedative withdrawal syndromes 1, 2, 3, 4 . Benzodiazepines are ... body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Ativan Use

    Is Ativan Harmful? Ativan (generic name: lorazepam) is classified as a benzodiazepine medication used primarily for short-term treatment of anxiety and seizure activity. It is sometimes used to manage intractable insomnia, and as a sedative for ...

    ... somewhat be gauged by the onset of the withdrawal syndrome that will occur when stopping the drug, ... the body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy ... continue reading
  • How to Help a Steroid Addict

    Help for Steroids Addicts People who are addicted to steroids may need professional help to stop taking the drug . While the dependency that develops may be different from other, more commonly abused substances, anabolic steroids can indeed be ...

    ... serious steroid withdrawal symptoms may be managed. The anabolic steroid withdrawal syndrome may vary across ... or Illicit Drug Addiction Alcohol Bath Salts Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth DMT Ecstasy Hashish Heroin Inhalant ... continue reading
  • What Are the Effects of Ambien?

    Ambien is the brand name for zolpidem tartrate, a sedative-hypnotic. When you take Ambien correctly, it can make you feel relaxed, comfortable and sleepy. The United States Drug Enforcement Agency classifies the prescription drug Ambien as a ...

    ... of the potential severity of the withdrawal syndrome. Treating Withdrawal Those who use the medication for ... body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine ... continue reading
  • How to Help Someone with Alcohol Addiction

    Most adults can moderately drink alcohol with little to no harm, with 86.3% of people 19 and older reporting they drank alcohol at some point in their lifetime, 70% drinking in the past year, and 55.3% drinking in the past month. 1 But, there are ...

    ... when looking for treatment: Medical detox . The withdrawal syndrome from alcohol can be very dangerous, sometimes inducing ... and its effects: Alcohol Bath Salts Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth DMT Ecstasy Hashish Heroin ... continue reading
  • What Are Hallucinogens?

    Hallucinogens are drugs that alter the user's thinking processes and perception in a manner that leads to significant distortions of reality 1 . These drugs affect one's perception far differently than many other types of drugs do. To many, the ...

    ... 20 . It is often used in conjunction with cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamine, or MDMA (Ecstasy) 20 . ... withdrawal symptoms in some individuals, but insufficient research exists to support a ketamine withdrawal syndrome ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Tramadol Use

    Tramadol is a synthetic opioid analgesic (painkiller) that is frequently prescribed to manage moderate to severe levels of pain—such as that experienced after surgery or in chronic conditions like arthritis. It is commonly marketed under one of ...

    ... ill due to the onset of a withdrawal syndrome. Cognitive decline: Many opioid drugs are ... the body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy LSD ... continue reading
  • Long-Term Effects of Molly

    Overview of Ecstasy Effects Ecstasy is the more common street name for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine—a highly addictive, illicit drug also known as MDMA , or “Molly.” This drug shares chemical structural similarities with both amphetamine ...

    ... in a similar way to the way they self-administer cocaine, although to a lesser degree. 8 MDMA use may ... experience an uncomfortable withdrawal syndrome when not on the drug. Some MDMA users report withdrawal symptoms such ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Diazepam Abuse

    Diazepam is a benzodiazepine commonly prescribed under the brand name Valium. This substance depresses the central nervous system (CNS) to manage 1,2 : Anxiety. Muscle spasms. Seizures. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Is Diazepam Harmful? Despite ...

    ... to counteract the side effects of other drugs (e.g., cocaine, amphetamines) 2 . Abusing multiple substances in this way ... experience a withdrawal syndrome upon attempting to cease or reduce use. Withdrawal from sedatives ... continue reading
  • Side Effects of Tussionex Abuse

    Tussionex, a prescription cough medicine, contains a mixture of hydrocodone (an opioid pain reliever) and chlorpheniramine (an antihistamine). In 2008, the FDA issued an alert regarding the dangers of misusing Tussionex, stating that abusing it can ...

    ... support specialist about rehab options. Withdrawal Treatment Opioid withdrawal syndrome refers to a set of symptoms ... and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine ... continue reading
  • Snorting Xanax (Alprazolam): Side Effects & Dangers

    What Does Snorting Xanax Do? Xanax (generic name: alprazolam) is a prescription sedative medication that falls into the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines, which are commonly prescribed for the management of anxiety. 1, 2 While taking Xanax as ...

    ... the risk of a severe acute withdrawal syndrome. Medically supervised detox is frequently encouraged ... people addicted to Xanax to also abuse alcohol, cocaine, and other prescription drugs. 8 Addiction treatment can ... continue reading
  • How to Help an Opiate Addict

    Help for Opiates Addicts Opiates are some of the most abused drugs in America, with prescription opiates accounting for up to 5.1 million cases of addiction. Around 210 million doses of opiates, including morphine , OxyContin and Vicodin , were ...

    ... detox provides supportive care to manage the withdrawal syndrome and a sober environment in which to ... Alcohol or Illicit Drug Addiction Alcohol Bath Salts Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth DMT Ecstasy Hashish Heroin Inhalant ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Clonazepam Use

    What is Clonazepam? Clonazepam, commonly known by its brand name Klonopin, is a prescription medication commonly used for its anti-anxiety and anti-convulsant benefits. How Worried Should We Be About Benzos? This medication is part of a larger group ...

    ... the onset of a debilitating benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. Shakiness, shortness of breath, ... the body and mind: Alcohol Marijuana Ketamine Cocaine Crack Heroin Amphetamine Ritalin Crystal Methamphetamine Ecstasy ... continue reading
  • How to Help an Ambien Addict

    Ambien is a brand name for zolpidem , a medication prescribed for the management of insomnia . A few other formulations of same medication with differing delivery methods are marketed under the names: Edluar and Intermezzo - Sublingual zolpidem ...

    ... to its effects, and soon thereafter experience an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome when you haven't had the drug in a while ... or Illicit Drug Addiction Alcohol Bath Salts Cocaine Crack Crystal Meth DMT Ecstasy Hashish Heroin ... continue reading
  • Prescription Drug Abuse Problem

    For some time now, the abuse of illicit substances such as marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine and heroin has been a persistent national problem. In more recent years, however, our country has seen an alarming rise of prescription drug abuse - now ...

    ... the abuse of illicit substances such as marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine and heroin has been a persistent ... same effect) , as well as a marked withdrawal syndrome should they be stopped. Both of these phenomena ... continue reading
  • Addiction Treatment

    Substance addiction is a chronic condition involving compulsive drug and/or alcohol use. People who are addicted to a substance may continue to drink or use drugs despite the potentially serious problems such substance use may cause in their lives. ...

    ... significantly unpleasant and/or risky acute withdrawal syndromes, medical detox management may be ... model was developed to help those using stimulants, such as cocaine, but is now used in addiction treatment for other ... continue reading
  • 6 Facts You Need to Know About Opiate Withdrawal

    The United States has the highest rate of opioid use per capita in the world. As a nation, we consume 80% of the world's opioid supply. 1 In 2014, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health found that 1.9 million people aged 12 or older had a ...

    ... individuals are experiencing extremely uncomfortable periods of withdrawal as they enter prison. Fact: Babies with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) may experience withdrawal after birth. Newborns who are exposed to ... continue reading
  • Tramadol Withdrawal

    Tramadol is an opioid medication that works to relieve moderately severe pain by changing the way that the brain and nervous system perceive and respond to pain 1,2 . The substance was prescribed more than 43 million times during 2013 according to ...

    ... dependent on the substance drastically decreases or abruptly stops use , an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome may occur 5 . In the case of an acute withdrawal, the brain reacts to a relative deficit in activity of 2,3 ... continue reading
  • Marijuana Withdrawal

    Marijuana (cannabis, weed, grass, hashish) is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States. According to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an estimated 8.4% of all Americans over the age of 12 (22.2 million people) used ...

    ... 7 . Symptoms such as these may be part of what is known as a post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS). Such long-lasting withdrawal symptoms may make it more challenging to quit using marijuana. A recent study showed that ... continue reading
  • Everything You Need to Know About Alcohol Withdrawal

    Two men in their early 30s enter an emergency room. One is suffering from heroin withdrawal and the other from alcohol withdrawal. One of the men is given some medication to reduce the painful effects of his symptoms and released within 2 hours of ...

    ... stop, you may experience a number of symptoms, collectively referred to as Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS). Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can begin within hours of your last drink. They usually peak within 3-4 ... continue reading
  • What is Crack Cocaine?

    Crack cocaine is an addictive stimulant drug that is the rock crystal form of powdered cocaine. 1, 2, 5 Crack cocaine is a more potent form of cocaine that is processed so that it can be smoked, which provides an immediate high. 5 The name ...

    ... of developing lung infections such as pneumonia. Seizures. Unpredictable or violent behavior. Crack Cocaine Withdrawal When you use crack cocaine regularly for a prolonged period of time, your brain and body adapt to the ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Addiction: Have Scientists Finally Found a Cure?

    The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports an estimated 1.5 million Americans use cocaine. In 2015, our nation saw more than 6,700 cocaine-related deaths. Research indicates around 40 percent of drug-related emergency department visits involve ...

    ... a constant supply of the drug is needed to avoid withdrawal. If deprived of the drug, symptoms of cocaine withdrawal can include severe emotional and physical effects, such as: Fatigue Nervousness and Anxiety Depression ... continue reading
  • Concurrent Alcohol And Cocaine Abuse

    Concurrent Alcohol And Cocaine Abuse Cocaine is a profoundly addictive stimulant drug that produces euphoria, increased energy, and talkativeness. It is most often snorted or dissolved in water and injected into a vein. Due to the short duration of ...

    ... articles and info on its site. You can also check out the following DrugAbuse.com articles: The Effects of Cocaine Use Cocaine History and Statistics The Effects of Alcohol on the Body If you are addicted to alcohol and ... continue reading
  • A Closer Look at the History and Use of Cocaine

    Cocaine is a popular CNS (central nervous system) stimulant that is naturally derived from the cocoa plant, which is most commonly grown in South America's Andean region. Though its proper, chemical name is benzoylmethyl ecgonine (C17H21NO4), users ...

    ... America's Andean region. Though its proper, chemical name is benzoylmethyl ecgonine (C17H21NO4), users refer to cocaine as coke, snow, blow, nose candy, dust, white lady, toot and a host of other names. The Basics of ... continue reading
  • From Snort to Synapse: We Map Out Cocaine's Trip in Your Brain

    The powder is perfectly lined on the table. With no straw handy, you roll up a Washington and seconds later, the snow is gone. Inhaled into your nostril, this stimulant drug has started a trip that will change your brain…forever. What does this ...

    ... and/or paranoia Changing You Forever in a Moment Researchers have intently studied this coke trip under the microscope; they tell us a single dose of cocaine changes your brain's reward center. And that's partly why it's ... continue reading
  • Meet Cocaine and Her Wicked Step-Child, Crack

    What's the difference in cocaine and crack? If you're like a lot of people, you know there is a difference between the two…you just don't really know what that “difference” is. Let's take a look at what makes these two drugs similar, but ...

    ... gives you an almost immediate high, which peaks in 3-5 minutes. The main difference in cocaine and crack is the length of the high. While coke can be felt up to two hours, a crack high lasts about 15 minutes. That short ... continue reading
  • Why Isn’t Anyone Talking About a Resurgence of Cocaine in the U.S.?

    According to the DEA's annual Drug Threat Assessment cocaine use is on the rise. It looks as if, while in the midst of an opioid epidemic, a lethal storm of cocaine has quietly made landfall in the US. Cocaine-related deaths spiked in 2006 at 7,500 ...

    ... 2010, these numbers have started to climb again, reaching over 6,700 in 2015. Coke Smugglers Do the Darnedest Things In 2016, 92 percent of cocaine seized in the U.S. came from Columbia, with the remainder originating in ... continue reading
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    When you find out you are pregnant, one of the first things your doctor will discuss with you is how you can best take care of yourself during those 9 months, as there are many factors that can affect your health and the health of your baby. A ...

    ... including miscarriage, preterm birth, stillbirth, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 1 . Wouldn't it be worse if I used drugs like cocaine or heroin? While certain drugs have scarier reputations—especially illegal ... continue reading
  • When Does Medical Marijuana Use Morph into Full-Blown Addiction?

    In more US states, marijuana is becoming legalized and socially accepted as treatment for a range of illnesses. But, like many medicines, it can lead to misuse and dependence. So, how do you know where to draw the line? Relief Turns to Habit Joseph, ...

    ... have long pointed out that rates for marijuana dependency are much lower than for alcohol, cocaine, heroin or nicotine,that withdrawal symptoms are less severe, and that death from a pot overdose is nearly impossible ... continue reading
  • How Alcohol Increases Your Risk of ‘Holiday Heart Syndrome’

    Scientists have long been aware that heavy drinking increases the odds of heart failure. Although there are health risks, no one has pinned downed the trigger factor that leads an alcoholic to cardiac arrhythmias. A new study from Sweden now ...

    ... of wine and liquor increases the risk for atrial fibrillation, a condition also known as 'Holiday Heart Syndrome.' What is Atrial Fibrillation? Atrial fibrillation, or an irregular heartbeat, is a quivering of the heart ... continue reading
  • 9 Mind-Blowing Facts About W-18

    Just when we thought things couldn't get any worse than fentanyl … The street-drug market has a new player - and it's even deadlier than previous killers. W-18 won't deliver a great high; it will, however, deliver death. Introducing W-18 Here are ...

    ... selling fentanyl pills that actually contain W-18, which is 100 times more potent. It can also be cut with cocaine or other drugs in unknown amounts. Pills and powders containing W-18 are created in homemade labs, so the ... continue reading
  • Crack Cocaine’s Effect on the Brain (Simple Animation)

    “Crack is whack” - that much is widely understood and accepted. But, what exactly is crack? How is crack different from cocaine? Is it possible that crack gets a bad rap, or is it as lethal as it seems? AsapSCIENCE breaks down what we need to ...

    ... is whack” - that much is widely understood and accepted. But, what exactly is crack? How is crack different from cocaine? Is it possible that crack gets a bad rap, or is it as lethal as it seems? AsapSCIENCE breaks down ... continue reading
  • Cocaine and the Ultimate Battle of Neurons

    Sean was ready to give up. His brother, Tony, seemed to be a lost cause. After years of cocaine use, Tony had been through three rehab programs and countless relapses. Each time, Sean hoped for the best, only to have his hopes crushed by cocaine . ...

    ... And it's killing me to see you do it?” “Yes, I can see that. What I can't do is stop myself. The cocaine keeps pulling me back. I just…can't…fight it.” Battle of the Neurons What Sean doesn't realize is the literal truth ... continue reading
  • Your Brain on Drugs: Studying Cocaine's Effect on Blood Flow

    Stimulant drugs like cocaine can cause serious blood flow problems within the brain. When there is an insufficient flow of rich, oxygenated blood to the brain, it can result in aneurysm-like bleeding and strokes. Researchers have developed a new ...

    ... a decreased flow of blood, no matter the frequency of use. Whether the mice received 30 days of chronic cocaine use or two repeated injections of the drug, Pan and his team noted a dramatic drop in blood flow speed ... continue reading
  • Dangerous Additives: What's Really in Your Cocaine?

    Cocaine is one of the most lethal illegal substances. This can be explained by the extraordinary psychoactive and biological effects of the drug; cocaine is the single most powerful central nervous system stimulant. At high doses it can stop the ...

    ... percent in 2005. Here we will highlight some of the more insidious additives commonly found in impure street cocaine , their risks and why they are used. Levamisole Levamisole is an anthelmic drug sometimes used to treat ... continue reading
  • Take the Backdoor: Why Your Brain Can't Refrain From Cocaine

    Ted just snorted two lines of cocaine. If we could see inside his brain, we'd see some pretty alarming results. The blood vessels of Ted's brain are shrinking and blood flow is restricted, diminishing his ability to think, remember and function. ...

    ... new pathway (or backdoor) means that, once Ted is addicted, he may not even be aware of his desire to use cocaine. Much like the lab rats, Ted will eventually lose control of his compulsion to “just say no.” He'll start ... continue reading
  • Cocaine Could Mess With Your Brain's Ability to Recognize Sadness and Fear

    Cocaine is a stimulant drug with a reputation for making people more social, but in reality, it tends to make users paranoid and insufferable. And according to a new study , this may be in part because people who use cocaine are less capable of ...

    ... they were seriously sad or just a little angry. Researchers also found that the subjects who had taken cocaine had an increased heart rate and higher levels of cortisol, the hormone that regulates how the body responds ... continue reading
  • New Study Reveals Cocaine Robs You of Loss

    A new study has found that cocaine abuse affects brain circuits so drastically that some users can't even recognize personal loss in their lives. Researchers were able to conclude that the brain circuits responsible for predicting emotional loss ...

    ... Risk and Reward So, what does this complex research data mean? Well, for starters it explains why some cocaine addicts are content to repeat the same mistakes over and over again. Consequences like going to jail or ... continue reading
  • Women More Likely to Get Hooked on Cocaine - But Why?

    Women are generally more vulnerable to cocaine addiction than men, according to a recent study published in the journal Nature Communications. They're also more likely to use cocaine at an earlier age, take drugs in larger quantities, have greater ...

    ... according to a recent study published in the journal Nature Communications. They're also more likely to use cocaine at an earlier age, take drugs in larger quantities, have greater difficulty staying sober and are at an ... continue reading
  • Could This Inexpensive Medication Reduce Your Withdrawal Symptoms?

    Withdrawal. It's a huge hurdle on the path to recovery. Those struggling to leave opioids behind know they'll eventually have to face the intimidating mental and physical effects of withdrawal. It's a powerful and frightening thought. Some of the ...

    ... hope this new insight will lead to the creation of a more effective treatment method for the symptoms of withdrawal. Dr. Trang says their next steps will be to determine the drug effectiveness in humans and to ensure its ... continue reading
  • 6 Things About Benzo Withdrawal You Might Not Know

    What are Benzos? Benzodiazepines (benzos) are an anxiolytic class of drugs that belong to a larger group of substances that can be categorized as central nervous system (CNS) depressants. 1 Benzodiazepines work by increasing inhibitory ...

    ... begin 1-2 after the last dose and persist for 2-4 week, if not longer. 5 For a longer-acting benzodiazepine, withdrawal might start 2-7 days after the last dose and can continue for 2-8 weeks or longer. 5 For some people ... continue reading
  • I’m Having Opiate Withdrawals – Am I Addicted?

    Shelly's knee surgery went great. The doctor said she'd be running again in no time. Before she'd be ready for her next 5K, she'd have to endure some fairly intense pain and a lot of physical therapy. While in the hospital, Shelly received regular ...

    ... to go to rehab. There's only one thing to do; I just have to get more pills.” The Facts About Withdrawal If you take opiates (like oxycodone , tramadol , fentanyl or morphine ) every day for more than four weeks, there ... continue reading
  • Russian Roulette: The Hidden Dangers of Cutting Agents in Cocaine and Heroin

    In the United States, more than 47,000 people die from drug overdoses every year . To make matters worse, drug deaths have recently surpassed both automobile and firearm accidents as the leading cause of accidental death in the country. There's no ...

    ... 1800s, the drugs look and impact people differently than they did then or even 30 years ago. In 1987, average cocaine was 80% pure; today, its purity is closer to 52%. Likewise, heroin hit a purity high of 58% in 1993 ... continue reading
  • Before You Crank the Engine, Take a Deep Breath and Blow

    If you've ever been convicted of a drunk driving offense , you're probably more than familiar with a car breathalyzer (also known as an interlock device). And though they can be a nuisance at times, it turns out they might be the key to lowering ...

    If you've ever been convicted of a drunk driving offense , you're probably more than familiar with a car breathalyzer (also known as an interlock device). And though they can be a nuisance at times, it turns out they ... continue reading
  • Mind Over Matter: The Psychological Grip of Addiction

    For most people addicted to drugs or alcohol, the compulsive desire to use is complex. That urge is often triggered by certain environments, thoughts or past experiences. And while addiction is classically thought of as a physical dependence, the ...

    ... to use again. Even with proper medical care, many addicts experience post-acute withdrawal syndrome , also known as protracted withdrawal syndrome or PAWS. Symptoms of PAWS can last for several months and include mood ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Bridgeton, NJ

    Alcohol abuse is a struggle for many living in Bridgeton, New Jersey. Cumberland County had a total of 1,910 substance abuse admissions in 2016, with more than a quarter of those (503) listing alcohol as the primary reason for admission. 1 Of the ...

    ... you drink excessively. If you've developed alcohol dependence, you are likely to experience an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome at some point after your last drink. If your alcohol dependence is significant enough, you may ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Fort Lee, NJ

    If you are struggling with a substance abuse problem in Fort Lee, New Jersey, you are not alone. Getting treatment will help you safely get through the detox process and on the path to recovery. Alcohol, specifically, is a major problem in Fort Lee. ...

    ... , especially if you’ve been abusing drugs that have serious, life-threatening withdrawal syndromes like alcohol. Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal include: 2 A multidisciplinary treatment team should be able to monitor your ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Elizabeth, NJ

    Elizabeth, New Jersey, has a serious substance abuse problem, reflected in the higher numbers of treatment admissions than all other cities in its county. Elizabeth was the top city in Union County for addiction treatment admissions in 2016. 1, p. 7 ...

    ... from arising. Detox is crucial for substances that have very severe withdrawal syndromes like alcohol and sedatives and is recommended for opioid withdrawal because of the extreme discomfort involved. Detox is the start ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Newark, NJ

    Residents of the Newark, the largest municipality in New Jersey, have seen the impact of substance abuse firsthand. The city was the top municipality in Essex County for substance abuse admissions in 2016; 3,216 residents sought treatment in Newark, ...

    ... completely cease all drug use. (If you’re addicted to other drugs that have very dangerous withdrawal syndromes, such as benzodiazepines, you may undergo a slow and careful taper vs. a complete cessation of substance ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in North Las Vegas, NV

    Nevada's rate of stimulant overdose deaths is the highest in the nation and may even bypass the rate of opioid overdose deaths in the state if the rate continues to rise. 1 In fact, Nevada was one of only 14 states in which the psychostimulant ...

    ... isn't synonymous with addiction, it is a sign of a substance use disorder. For very serious withdrawal syndromes like those associated with alcohol and benzodiazepines, medical detox programs are recommended, as they can ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Collierville, TN

    When you’re ready to accept help, there’s still a bit more work to do. You’ll need to choose the best addiction rehab program for you and your individual needs. First, consider what drug or drugs you’ve been abusing. Certain substances are ...

    ... what drug or drugs you’ve been abusing. Certain substances are linked to serious withdrawal syndromes. Alcohol and sedative withdrawal is associated with the potential for seizures and other serious complications. Opioid ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Memphis, TN

    There were more than 1,630 drug overdoses in just one year (2016) in the state of Tennessee. Nearly 1,200 of these were attributed to opioids. 1 Shelby County’s drug death rate per 100,000 people exceeded that of the national average each year ...

    ... in a serene location, such as in the mountains or near a lake. Need for detox. Some withdrawal syndromes like those of alcohol, opioids, and benzodiazepines, can be very severe and sometimes serious enough to warrant ... continue reading
  • Rapper’s Shocking On-Stage Antics are Cause for Concern

    A Florida rapper by the name of “Stitches” has earned a name for himself as of late, but for all the wrong reasons. The joker-like face tattoos are enough to take most people aback, but it's the lyrics to Stitches' music and his on-stage ...

    ... lyrics. In it, Stitches brags about his coke-dealing past and says things like “Better have my money when I come to collect” and “I love selling blow!” He also raps about selling cocaine to “pregnant b*tches” in another ... continue reading
  • Drug Abuse and Cardiovascular Health Risks

    Both illicit and prescription drugs present many risks to individuals who abuse them. Drug abuse affects the brain in many ways that may lead to erratic, dangerous behaviors, social and emotional problems, and the development of addiction. In ...

    ... illicit and prescription drugs such as: Cocaine (coke, crack). Amphetamine (Adderall) and other ... rate . Physicians have also reported cases of acute coronary syndrome in marijuana users, 8 a condition similar to myocardial ... continue reading
  • Effects of Smoking During Pregnancy

    In the U.S., there are an estimated 42 million people (nearly 18% of the total population) who currently smoke 1 . Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability and death in the U.S. In fact, smoking accounts for nearly 1 in ...

    ... treatments and therapies like hypnosis, meditation, and acupuncture. Pharmacologic therapy. The acute nicotine withdrawal syndrome has a number of unpleasant associated symptoms. These are normal and will last a few ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Psilocybin Use

    Is Psilocybin Harmful? Psilocybin is a compound that is naturally occurring fungal alkaloid—a chemical compound that is found in more than 100 species of mushrooms (also known as magic mushrooms or shrooms). 1 When ingested, psilocybin is ...

    ... the drug to feel intoxicated. Addiction Treatment The DSM-5 and NIDA do not recognize a withdrawal syndrome associated with psilocybin use, although it is likely that individuals may develop significant tolerance to the ... continue reading
  • Injecting Drugs: 9 Hidden Dangers

    Did you know that injecting drugs into your body can increase your risk for a number of health problems? Additionally, did you know that injection-related injuries not only include bruising, scarring, and venous injury, but also infectious diseases ...

    ... for the fingers. It has been noted that a contaminant of heroin, called quinine, may cause puffy hand syndrome. Sooting Tattoos PWIDs will sometimes use a match to flame a needle before injecting drugs into their veins ... continue reading
  • Librium Abuse

    Librium, which is the brand name for chlordiazepoxide, is a prescription medication that belongs to a class of controlled substances called benzodiazepines . It is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, meaning it slow down brain activity. ...

    ... commonly used to treat anxiety disorders, and to mitigate the symptoms of alcohol and other sedative withdrawal syndromes. In combination with a second drug called Clidinium, chlordiazepoxide is also used to manage the ... continue reading
  • Effects of Desoxyn Abuse

    Desoxyn is a prescription drug that is indicated to treat two conditions 1,2 : Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children 6 and older. Exogenous obesity (obesity due to overeating) in individuals 12 years old or older (on a ...

    ... . Those who have developed Desoxyn dependence will frequently experience withdrawal effects when attempts to quit are made. The severity of the withdrawal syndrome will be determined by factors such as the individual's ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Inhalant Use

    Are Inhalants Harmful? There are a huge number of inhalants available for abuse, and they're fairly easy to obtain. It's unsurprising that teens in particular are susceptible to inhalant abuse, simply because these compounds can be obtained from any ...

    ... you cannot manage your life without inhalants. Inhalant Withdrawal Treatment Non-medicated withdrawal can, in some cases, lead to an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome. Because of the severe health consequences that may ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Suboxone Use

    Overview of Suboxone The Suboxone Debate: Learn why use of Suboxone is a hotly contested issue. Suboxone is a combination drug comprised of two substances: 1,2 Buprenorphine—a partial opioid agonist with a “ceiling effect” that keeps effects ...

    ... Services Administration. (2016). Buprenorphine . B.M.Tripathi, P. Hemraj, N.K. Dhar. (1995). Buprenorphine Withdrawal Syndrome. I ndian J. Psychiat* 1995,37(1), 23-25. Kumar R, Saadabadi A. Buprenorphine. [Updated 2018 ... continue reading
  • Xanax Overdose, Risks and How Much it Costs

    What is Xanax? Xanax (generic name alprazolam) is a fast-acting benzodiazepine drug and central nervous system depressant—a grouping that includes several other sedative, hypnotic, and anxiolytic drugs. 1,2 When taken as prescribed, Xanax can be ...

    ... symptoms, a program of supervised medical detox and withdrawal management may be needed. Benzodiazepine dependence and the accompanying withdrawal syndrome are notoriously difficult to manage on your own and may ... continue reading
  • Asking Yourself: Am I Addicted Benzos?

    If you think you might be addicted to benzodiazepines, you're certainly not alone. In 2011, an estimated 61,000 Americans sought treatment for benzo addiction. And that number has been climbing at an alarming rate ever since. The Benzo Specifics ...

    ... phase lasts anywhere from seven to 90 days, while post-acute withdrawal syndrome can last up to two years. Some of the most common withdrawal symptoms include: Moderate to severe depression Extreme anxiety Body tremors ... continue reading
  • Snorting Ambien

    The sleep-aid Ambien (generic name: zolpidem) is a prescription medication used in the treatment of insomnia in adults 1 . It works by slowing down brain activity to help users fall and stay asleep. Zolpidem is similar in structure and effects to ...

    ... abuse histories, given the number of significant risks associated with the acute sedative withdrawal syndrome. Successfully traversing the withdrawal process is difficult, but it shouldn't signal the end of recovery ... continue reading
  • Concurrent Alcohol and Klonopin Abuse

    Each day, millions of people in the US use alcohol . Additional multitudes of people in the U.S. use Klonopin— the brand name for the benzodiazepine , clonazepam . Both substances are relatively safe when used in moderation (or as prescribed, in ...

    ... likely to require a period of medically-supervised detoxification than those individually abusing each, as the withdrawal syndrome for both of these substances can induce symptoms which may be dangerous. During the detox ... continue reading
  • Subutex Abuse

    What Is Subutex? Subutex is the trade name for the partial opioid agonist buprenorphine. It is marketed for medically assisted addiction treatment—more specifically, it is used to treat opioid dependence . Subutex is used to alleviate withdrawal ...

    ... it can produce euphoric effects similar to that of heroin and morphine. Withdrawal Symptoms Experiencing the following signs of an opioid withdrawal syndrome can be a sure sign of dependence: Yawning. Secretion of tears ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Hydrocodone Use

    About Hydrocodone Hydrocodone is a prescription medication sold under multiple brand names, such as: Vicodin. Norco. Lortab. The aforementioned trade names are combinations of hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Other trade formulations also exist that ...

    ... suited to dealing with the effects of opiate withdrawal. Treatment Withdrawal from long-term hydrocodone use can be very unpleasant. The opiate withdrawal syndrome is frequently described as having flu-like symptoms ... continue reading
  • 5 Alarming Facts About Benzo Addiction

    People tend to use benzodiazepines because they work, plain and simple. A group of prescription sedatives, benzodiazepines are classified as Schedule IV in the Controlled Substances Act and are most commonly prescribed to treat anxiety, namely under ...

    ... in Mexican psychiatric patients. Addictive Behaviors, 36(8), 874-77. 4. Petursson, H. (1994). The benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. Addiction, 89(11), 1455-1459. 5. Liebrenz, M., Gehring, M.T., Buadze, A., Caflisch, C ... continue reading
  • Pop Quiz: Let’s Test Your Benzo Knowledge

    In 2013, 13.5 million adults filled a benzodiazepine prescription in the US. These drugs are used to treat anxiety, depression, insomnia and seizures. They are also highly addictive and frequently abused. How much do you know about this class of ...

    ... , closer to seven days. Long-acting benzos, such as Valium, can cause withdrawal symptoms for up to 90 days. The second phase - Post Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS) - can last up to two years. Symptoms usually include a ... continue reading
  • Zolpidem Abuse

    Zolpidem tartrate is a sedative-hypnotic agent found in many prescription sleep aid drugs used to treat insomnia 1 . The most widely known brand name formulation of zolpidem in the U.S. is Ambien. Its pharmacological effects often lead the user to ...

    ... zolpidem use can result in the development of physiologic dependence, and may lead to the onset of a withdrawal syndrome in the absence of the drug 1 . Zolpidem is prescribed in a number of forms, under various trade ... continue reading
  • Concurrent Alcohol and Hydrocodone Abuse

    The Problem of Alcohol and Hydrocodone Abuse Both alcohol and hydrocodone are relatively safe when used appropriately and in moderation. When used excessively or when combined, these substances can create volatile and unpredictable outcomes. Alcohol ...

    ... or hydrocodone alone can be a very uncomfortable experience. When combined, withdrawal can be dangerous and deadly due to the severe withdrawal syndrome associated with alcohol . Withdrawing from combined use can lead to ... continue reading
  • The Effects of Meth Use

    Is Meth Harmful? Meth, the abbreviated colloquialism for methamphetamine, is a wildly addictive and dangerous substance. Users can rapidly develop a dependency on its effects, which themselves exert a number of health risks. The illegal production ...

    ... addict , call our 24/7 helpline at for more information. Withdrawal Treatment Because meth is addictive , with an unpleasant withdrawal syndrome that includes fatigue, irritability, depression and even suicidal thoughts ... continue reading
  • Drugs A-Z

    What is Acamprosate? Acamprosate is thought to help recovering alcoholics stay sober by balancing inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmission. Acamprosate may be combined with behavioral therapy to decrease the chance of relapse and continued ...

    ... for use as an anxiolytic and to manage acute alcohol withdrawal. It is commonly referred to by one of its ... tablet, as well as a transdermal patch. What is Cocaine? Cocaine is a Schedule II stimulant drug. It is associated ... continue reading
  • Twelve of the Most Addictive Drugs

    Addiction affects millions of lives in the U.S. It is a chronic disease that frequently includes cycles of relapse and remission, and it is progressive without treatment or participation in recovery work. It is characterized by being unable to ...

    ... dependent on alcohol, where if they stop drinking they develop withdrawal symptoms. 16 Alcohol withdrawal can be life-threatening. 17 Cocaine/Crack Cocaine is a stimulant drug that causes dangerous physical effects such ... continue reading
  • Treating Psilocybin Mushroom Addiction

    How to Approach a Psilocybin Addict It can be difficult to watch someone you care about struggle with a psilocybin or “magic mushrooms” addiction. Your loved one may engage in self-destructive behaviors and isolate themselves from others. ...

    ... likely develop in individuals who use the drug repeatedly 6 ; however, there is no evidence that a withdrawal syndrome occurs in these individuals. It is important to understand, though, that one does not have to develop ... continue reading
  • Warning: 3 Dangerous Suboxone Interactions to Avoid

    Suboxone is a popular, prescription-only drug that effectively suppresses opioid cravings and reduces the symptoms of opioid withdrawal. Although Suboxone has assisted thousands of individuals struggling with opioid addiction , the drug is not ...

    ... in the bloodstream of a Suboxone user, which may quickly lead to opioid withdrawal symptoms. Combining cocaine and Suboxone also increases the risk of a cocaine overdose. As a depressant, Suboxone reduces the effects of ... continue reading
  • What Drugs Cause the Most Insane Behavior?

    Many substances that are addictive cause mental changes or unusual behavior. Even if a substance does not inherently have mind-altering properties, people who are addicted to it may display strange behavior if they need the drug are unable to obtain ...

    ... in a brutal attack has drawn media attention to the drug. Cocaine Cocaine is an illegal, addictive drug that has stimulant properties. It ... drug can cause bizarre behavior during withdrawal , some drugs are especially prone ... continue reading
  • Addiction Recovery

    Recovery Is Possible Addiction recovery is possible, attainable, and available if you know where to find it and have expectations that are realistic and practical. For those struggling with an alcohol or drug addiction, recovery could mean the ...

    ... can also be helpful in preventing relapse for drugs with very uncomfortable (but not necessarily dangerous) withdrawal syndromes, such as heroin and prescription opiates. Detox can cost anywhere between $600 to $1,000 ... continue reading
  • 30 Famous Athletes Who Have Battled Drug Addiction and Alcoholism

    1. Michael Phelps Eight-time Olympic gold medalist swimmer Michael Phelps has not only plunged into the water, but into drugs. In 2009, he lost his endorsement contract with Kellogg's after a photo emerged of him taking a hit of marijuana . 2. Dock ...

    ... career in the late 80s, but soon tested positive for cocaine use. He entered rehab in 1987 but later relapsed and ... having struggled with drugs early on in his rookie season—”coke was the only bright spot in my future,” he ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Long Branch, NJ

    Heroin is a problem all over the state of New Jersey, including Long Branch. Heroin, like other drugs, impacts not only the user, but their friends, family, and children. Of those people admitted to substance abuse treatment in Monmouth County ...

    ... pregnancy. The baby is then born physically dependent on heroin and experiences withdrawal. Symptoms of NAS include: 2 Neonatal abstinence syndrome can even cause death in the infant. NAS requires hospitalization and ... continue reading
  • Crystal Meth Abuse

    What Is Crystal Meth? Street Names for Crystal Meth Crystal meth is known by many slang terms including: Glass. Blade. Crystal. Quartz. Ice. Crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) is a powerful central nervous stimulant with highly addictive ...

    ... the discomfort of side effects and withdrawal: Hyperactivity, agitation or psychotic features—If ... use of the drug more positively than heroin or crack cocaine. Drug education regarding the dangers that come with abuse ... continue reading
  • Find a Substance Abuse Rehab Center or Resource in Las Vegas, NV

    Across the country, the opioid epidemic has done major damage. Nevada, in particular, has been one of the major victims of this crisis—665 people died of drug overdoses in Nevada in 2016 alone. 1 Between 2015 and 2016, deaths from synthetic ...

    ... require. For example, not every facility can attend to the needs of pregnant mothers. Neonatal abstinence syndrome is on the rise as many expecting mothers struggle with prescription and/or illicit opioid dependence, and ... continue reading
  • Concurrent Alcohol And Crack Abuse

    Concurrent Alcohol And Crack Abuse In the mid-1980s, crack cocaine use exploded across the United States. In 1974, 5 million people had tried cocaine. By 1985, more than 22 million people had tried cocaine, with more than half of them reporting ...

    ... much publicity as it did in the 1980s, crack cocaine still plagues many cities, families and individuals because of ... include prescribed medications to address side effects and withdrawal, as well as therapy to help you ... continue reading
  • PCP Abuse

    What Is PCP? Street Names It has a variety of street names, including “Angel Dust”. In some cases, either nicotine or marijuana cigarettes are dipped in a liquid containing PCP and smoked. This concoction is referred to by a number of names ...

    ... as Valium may be used as a treatment option for sedation or for the prevention of seizures. Once the withdrawal process is complete, addiction treatment therapy will start , either in an inpatient rehab center or as part ... continue reading
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