Most often smoked, marijuana can also be consumed orally when baked into foods such as brownies or cookies. It has a distinctly sweet or skunk-like odor. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the high from marijuana, or “pot” as it is commonly known, can last for up to three hours.
Its effects on brain development can be critical. It has been shown to slow brain development and affect long-term memory. For these reasons, there is still much concern over marijuana’s safety as a recreational drug despite recent legalization efforts.
Aside from THC, the main psychoactive component, there are many chemicals found in marijuana. The effects of these are unknown. The potency of marijuana has been increasing since 1970s, so it is easier to experience adverse side effects of the drug.
Signs and Symptoms
Alcohol and Marijuana Facts
- Alcohol and marijuana amplify one another’s effects.
- Alcohol and marijuana is the most common mixture of illicit drugs.
- Both impair judgment and motor skills.
There are several visible signs of concurrent alcohol and marijuana abuse. They include:
- Red, bloodshot eyes.
- Dry mouth.
- Slurred speech.
- Awkward gate.
- Inability to concentrate.
- Distinct smell of either substance.
Combined Effects of Marijuana and Alcohol
The Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute (ADAI) describes the mixture of alcohol and marijuana as unpredictable at best. Some users may experience intense paranoia, nausea, and vomiting. The effects of alcohol amplify the effects of marijuana and vice versa.
Depending on the state of mind of the user, effects of marijuana use can include paranoia and high anxiety. In fact, the Harvard Mental Health Letter reports that 20-30% of smokers experience panic attacks.The amount of marijuana consumed changes its effects, though even a small amount can have dramatic effects in individuals prone to panic and anxiety disorders. Though it is nearly impossible to overdose on marijuana, there is even evidence that marijuana can lead to symptoms of long-term psychosis.
Other problems which may stem concurrent use include:
- Memory loss.
- Impaired judgment.
- Loss of motor skills.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Increased heart rate.
- Lack of motivation.
- Panic attacks.
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Treatment for Alcohol and Marijuana Addiction
Both marijuana and alcohol are addictive substances. The NIDA points out that, despite popular belief to the contrary, about one in nine users develop dependence. This is compared to about one in ten Americans over the age of 12 are dependent on alcohol, as reported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which teaches new skills for staying clean, and contingency management (CM), which provides positive incentives to quit, have been helpful in recovery for those who are addicted to this combination.
Rehab centers can provide these services as well as:
- 12-step education.
- Recreational therapy.
- Group and individual therapy.
- Skills training.
Statistics on Use
- One in nine users become dependent on marijuana.
- Over 158 million people worldwide have tried marijuana.
- 7.2 percent of adults 18 and older and 3.6% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 are dependent on alcohol.
- About 15 percent of youth aged 12 to 20 are binge drinkers.
(Compiled from the NIDA website, Harvard Mental Health Letter, and the ADAI website.)
Teen Drinking and Marijuana Abuse
According to the NIDA, teens are unlikely to view marijuana as a problem. It is the most widely used illicit drug in the world. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry recommends speaking about marijuana use with children by the time they are in middle school. It stresses open communication as a means to understand the reasons behind marijuana use.
Peer pressure is an immense and profound motivator for many teens. Given marijuana’s effect on mental development, teen education is crucial.
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Resources, Articles, and More Information
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